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Mammography is a specific type of imaging that uses a low-dose X-ray system to examine breasts. A mammography exam, called a mammogram, is used to aid in the early detection and diagnosis of breast diseases in women.
An X-ray (radiograph) is a noninvasive medical test that helps doctors diagnose and treat medical conditions. Imaging with X-rays involves exposing a part of the body to a small dose of ionizing radiation to produce pictures of the inside of the body. X-rays are the oldest and most frequently used form of medical imaging.
Two recent advances in mammography include digital mammography and computer-aided detection.
Types of mammograms
The Stanford Outpatient Imaging Centers have the advanced imaging technology for breast mammography, including tomosynthesis (3D mammography) and digital mammography—offering referring physicians and patients easy access to the latest imaging advances.