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About this Treatment: Blood and Bone Marrow Transplant
About Blood and Marrow Transplants
A blood and marrow transplant (BMT) is a procedure to replace blood-forming cells (stem cells) that are damaged by certain diseases. Autologous transplant uses stem cells that are collected from you to repopulate your bone marrow after high dose chemotherapy. Allogeneic transplant uses stem cells collected from a donor.
Infusion of the stem cells is done after the preparative therapy, which is chemotherapy with or without radiation therapy. The chemotherapy can kill cancer cells, but may also kill the blood cells in the bone marrow. The subsequent infusion of the stem cells replaces the blood cells destroyed by the cancer treatment.
A BMT is a treatment for people who have been diagnosed with lymphoma, leukemia, or multiple myelomas, and other non-cancerous disorders of the blood. It may be recommended, if the disease:
Didn’t improve or respond to the drug therapy
Returned after completing drug therapy (this is called recurrence)