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About this Treatment: Blood and Bone Marrow Transplant
Techniques of Blood and Marrow Transplant
A BMT begins with a treatment regiment that includes chemotherapy with or without radiation therapy. This preparation is followed by the infusion of the stem cells into your body through a catheter (tube) in your vein.
The stem cells are collected for the transplant, before the preparative therapy begins:
The blood stem cells are collected from your or your donor’s blood in a procedure that’s similar to blood donation. This process is called apheresis. The blood is collected from the vein through a catheter (tube).
The blood spins through the apheresis machine that selects the stem cells and the rest of the blood is returned to you or the donor through a catheter (tube) in a vein.
If you donated the stem cells they will be frozen and stored until needed. If a donor donated the stem cells they are given to you the day they are collected.
Sometimes the preparative therapy and transplant are done through an outpatient procedure. Sometimes you are hospitalized for the preparative therapy, transplant, and recovery.
After the transplant, you will be monitored closely by your health care team. Often patients make follow-up visits to the clinic for several weeks to several months after the transplant.