A kidney transplant is a surgical procedure performed to replace a
diseased kidney with a healthy kidney from another person. The kidney
may come from a deceased organ donor or from a living
donor. Family members or individuals who are unrelated but make a
good match may be able to donate one of their kidneys. This type of
transplant is called a living
transplant. Individuals who donate a kidney can live healthy lives
with the remaining kidney.
A person receiving a kidney transplant usually receives only one
kidney, but, in rare situations, he/she may receive two kidneys from a
deceased donor. In most cases, the diseased kidneys are left in place
during kidney transplantation. The transplanted kidney is implanted in
the lower abdomen on the front side of the body.