James Chang, MD

Hand and upper extremity surgeon

Dr. James Chang is currently Professor and Chief of the Division of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery at Stanford University. Dr. Chang graduated from Stanford University with a Bachelor of Arts and Sciences with joint degrees in Biology and Economics. He spent a year as a lecturer in English at the Beijing University of Science and Technology in Beijing, People’s Republic of China. Following this, he graduated from Yale Medical School with Alpha Omega Alpha and Cum Laude honors. From 1991 to 1993, he was a Sarnoff Laboratory Research Fellow at the University of California, San Francisco Medical Center. He then completed a residency in Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery at Stanford University Medical Center. Dr. Chang was a Clinical Instructor in Orthopedic Surgery and the Hand & Microsurgery Fellow at U.C.L.A. Medical Center from 1999-2000. He is currently Professor of Plastic Surgery and Orthopedic Surgery at Stanford University Medical Center. He is also an Attending Surgeon at Lucile Salter Packard Children's Hospital and the VA Palo Alto Health Care System, where he serves as Director of the Plastic and Hand Surgery Laboratory.

His basic science research interests include modulation of Transforming Growth Factor-Beta in scarless flexor tendon wound healing and tissue engineered flexor tendon grafts for hand reconstruction. He has expertise in molecular biology and tissue engineering techniques and their applications to plastic and hand surgery research. Dr. Chang is the recipient of numerous grants including two recent multi-year Federal Merit Review Awards on “Tissue Engineered Flexor Tendon Grafts for Extremity Reconstruction” and “Optimization of Bioengineered Tendons Using Bioreactors and Stem Cells”.

Dr. Chang is the past Editor-in-Chief of the Yearbook of Hand Surgery and an Associate Editor for the journals, Journal of Hand Surgery, Annals of Plastic Surgery, Hand, and Microsurgery. He was the Royal College of Surgeons Foundation traveling fellow and was awarded the 2006 Sterling Bunnell Traveling Fellowship by the American Society for Surgery of the Hand. He was Research Director for the American Society for Surgery of the Hand (ASSH) and managed the grant portfolio and programs of this national organization. He is currently Treasurer for the ASSH. Dr. Chang is a member of the Plastic Surgery Residency Review Committee of the ACGME and the American Board of Plastic Surgery. He was elected to the American Surgical Association in 2010.

Dr. Chang's main surgical interests are in reconstructive surgery of the hand and extremities including microsurgical reconstruction. He also has interest in pediatric hand and microsurgery, post-oncologic head and neck reconstruction, and lower extremity reconstruction.

Hand and Upper Limb Center

  • 450 Broadway Street
  • Redwood City, CA 94063
  • Phone: 650-723-5256
Learn More About the Clinic Getting Here Make An Appointment

Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery Clinic

  • 1000 Welch Road
  • Palo Alto, CA 94304
  • Phone: 650-723-7001
Learn More About the Clinic Getting Here Make An Appointment

Professional Education

Medical Education: Yale University School of Medicine (1993) CT

Residency: Stanford University School of Medicine (1998) CA

Internship: Stanford University School of Medicine (1994) CA

Fellowship: UCLA Medical Center (2000) CA

Board Certification: Plastic Surgery, American Board of Plastic Surgery (1999)

Board Certification: Surgery of the Hand, American Board of Plastic Surgery (2002)

MD, Yale Medical School, Medicine (1993)

BAS, Stanford University, Biology & Economics (1987)

Honors & Awards

Andrew J. Weiland Medal for Research Achievement, American Society for Surgery of the Hand (2011)

Stanford University Asian-American Faculty Award, Stanford University (2011)

Sterling Bunnell Traveling Fellow, American Society for Surgery of the Hand (2006-07)

Royal College of Surgeons Foundation Traveling Lectureship, Royal College of Surgeons (2003)

Leslie M. Hovey Teacher of the Year Award, Stanford Plastic Surgery (2003)

Scholarship Essay Award – First Place, Plastic Surgery Educational Foundation (1999)

Administrative Appointments

Chief, Division of Plastic & Reconstructive Surgery, 2006

Undergraduate Advisor, Stanford University, 2004

Treasurer, American Society for Surgery of the Hand, 2011

Board Member, American Board of Plastic Surgery, 2010

Plastic Surgery Residency Review Committee Member, Accreditation Council on Graduate Medical Education, 2010

Program Director, Plastic Surgery, Stanford University Medical Center, 1999

Research Director, American Society for Surgery of the Hand, 2007

Board of Directors, American Association for Hand Surgery, 2007

Editor, Yearbook of Hand Surgery, 2005

Associate Editor, Hand, 2006

Physicochemical decellularization of composite flexor tendon-bone interface grafts.
Bronstein, J. A., Woon, C. Yl., Farnebo, S., Behn, A. W., Schmitt, T., & Chang, J. (2013). Physicochemical decellularization of composite flexor tendon-bone interface grafts. Plastic and reconstructive surgery, 132(1), 94-102.

Management of the hand in systemic sclerosis.
Fox, P., Chung, L., & Chang, J. (2013). Management of the hand in systemic sclerosis. journal of hand surgery, 38(5), 1012-1016.

Microsurgical reconstruction of the smilecontemporary trends
Momeni, A., Chang, J., & Khosla, R. K. (2013). Microsurgical reconstruction of the smilecontemporary trends. MICROSURGERY, 33(1), 69-76.

Idiopathic true brachial artery aneurysm in an 18-month-old girl
Greenberg, J. I., Salamone, L., Chang, J., & Harris, E. J. (2012). Idiopathic true brachial artery aneurysm in an 18-month-old girl. JOURNAL OF VASCULAR SURGERY, 56(5), 1426-1426.

New Concepts and Technologies in Reconstructive Hand Surgery
Schmitt, T., Talley, J., & Chang, J. (2012). New Concepts and Technologies in Reconstructive Hand Surgery. CLINICS IN PLASTIC SURGERY, 39(4), 445-?.

Tissue-engineered Collateral Ligament Composite Allografts for Scapholunate Ligament Reconstruction: An Experimental Study
Endress, R., Woon, C. Yl., Farnebo, S. J., Behn, A., Bronstein, J., & Chang, J. (2012). Tissue-engineered Collateral Ligament Composite Allografts for Scapholunate Ligament Reconstruction: An Experimental Study. JOURNAL OF HAND SURGERY-AMERICAN VOLUME, 37A(8), 1529-1537.

Overcoming the Learning Curve: A Curriculum-Based Model for Teaching Zone II Flexor Tendon Repairs
Bari, A. S., Woon, C. Y., Pridgen, B., & Chang, J. (2012). Overcoming the Learning Curve: A Curriculum-Based Model for Teaching Zone II Flexor Tendon Repairs. PLASTIC AND RECONSTRUCTIVE SURGERY, 130(2), 381-388.

Human Flexor Tendon Tissue Engineering: Decellularization of Human Flexor Tendons Reduces Immunogenicity In Vivo
Raghavan, S. S., Woon, C. Yl., Kraus, A., Megerle, K., Choi, M. Ss., & Chang, J. (2012). Human Flexor Tendon Tissue Engineering: Decellularization of Human Flexor Tendons Reduces Immunogenicity In Vivo. TISSUE ENGINEERING PART A, 18(7-8), 796-805.

Microsurgery Education in Residency Training Validating an Online Curriculum
Satterwhite, T., Son, J., Carey, J., Zeidler, K., Bari, S., & Lee, G. K. (2012). Microsurgery Education in Residency Training Validating an Online Curriculum. ANNALS OF PLASTIC SURGERY, 68(4), 410-414.

Studies in Flexor Tendon Reconstruction: Biomolecular Modulation of Tendon Repair and Tissue Engineering
Chang, J. (2012). Studies in Flexor Tendon Reconstruction: Biomolecular Modulation of Tendon Repair and Tissue Engineering. JOURNAL OF HAND SURGERY-AMERICAN VOLUME, 37A(3), 552-561.

Bioreactor optimization of tissue engineered rabbit flexor tendons in vivo.
Thorfinn, J., Angelidis, I. K., Gigliello, L., Pham, H. M., Lindsey, D., & Chang, J. (2012). Bioreactor optimization of tissue engineered rabbit flexor tendons in vivo. The Journal of hand surgery, European volume, 37(2), 109-114.

Optimization of Human Tendon Tissue Engineering: Synergistic Effects of Growth Factors for Use in Tendon Scaffold Repopulation
Raghavan, S. S., Woon, C. Yl., Kraus, A., Megerle, K., Hung Pham, H., & Chang, J. (2012). Optimization of Human Tendon Tissue Engineering: Synergistic Effects of Growth Factors for Use in Tendon Scaffold Repopulation. PLASTIC AND RECONSTRUCTIVE SURGERY, 129(2), 479-489.

Functional Reconstruction of the Hand: The Stiff Joint
Watt, A. J., & Chang, J. (2011). Functional Reconstruction of the Hand: The Stiff Joint. CLINICS IN PLASTIC SURGERY, 38(4), 577-?.

Three-Dimensional-Construct Bioreactor Conditioning in Human Tendon Tissue Engineering
Woon, C. Yl., Kraus, A., Raghavan, S. S., Pridgen, B. C., Megerle, K., & Chang, J. (2011). Three-Dimensional-Construct Bioreactor Conditioning in Human Tendon Tissue Engineering. TISSUE ENGINEERING PART A, 17(19-20), 2561-2572.

Flexor Tendon Tissue Engineering: Acellularization of Human Flexor Tendons with Preservation of Biomechanical Properties and Biocompatibility
Pridgen, B. C., Woon, C. Yl., Kim, M., Thorfinn, J., Lindsey, D., & Chang, J. (2011). Flexor Tendon Tissue Engineering: Acellularization of Human Flexor Tendons with Preservation of Biomechanical Properties and Biocompatibility. TISSUE ENGINEERING PART C-METHODS, 17(8), 819-828.

Optimization of Human Tendon Tissue Engineering: Peracetic Acid Oxidation for Enhanced Reseeding of Acellularized Intrasynovial Tendon
Woon, C. Yl., Pridgen, B. C., Kraus, A., Bari, S., Pham, H., & Chang, J. (2011). Optimization of Human Tendon Tissue Engineering: Peracetic Acid Oxidation for Enhanced Reseeding of Acellularized Intrasynovial Tendon. PLASTIC AND RECONSTRUCTIVE SURGERY, 127(3), 1107-1117.

Joint Arthritis and Soft-Tissue Problems of the Hand
Watt, A. J., Shin, A. Y., Vedder, N. B., & Chang, J. (2010). Joint Arthritis and Soft-Tissue Problems of the Hand. PLASTIC AND RECONSTRUCTIVE SURGERY, 126(6), 288E-300E.

Tissue engineering of flexor tendons: the effect of a tissue bioreactor on adipoderived stem cell-seeded and fibroblast-seeded tendon constructs.
Angelidis, I. K., Thorfinn, J., Connolly, I. D., Lindsey, D., Pham, H. M., & Chang, J. (2010). Tissue engineering of flexor tendons: the effect of a tissue bioreactor on adipoderived stem cell-seeded and fibroblast-seeded tendon constructs. journal of hand surgery, 35(9), 1466-1472.

Flexor Tendon Tissue Engineering: Bioreactor Cyclic Strain Increases Construct Strength
Saber, S., Zhang, A. Y., Ki, S. H., Lindsey, D. P., Smith, R. L., & Chang, J. (2010). Flexor Tendon Tissue Engineering: Bioreactor Cyclic Strain Increases Construct Strength. TISSUE ENGINEERING PART A, 16(6), 2085-2090.

Complications After Flexor Tendon Injuries
Momeni, A., Grauel, E., & Chang, J. (2010). Complications After Flexor Tendon Injuries. HAND CLINICS, 26(2), 179-?.

Demographic and Financial Analysis of EMTALA Hand Patient Transfers.
Melkun, E. T., Ford, C., Brundage, S. I., Spain, D. A., & Chang, J. (2010). Demographic and Financial Analysis of EMTALA Hand Patient Transfers. Hand (New York, N.Y.), 5(1), 72-76.

Radial Artery Perforator Flap
Ho, A. M., & Chang, J. (2010). Radial Artery Perforator Flap. JOURNAL OF HAND SURGERY-AMERICAN VOLUME, 35A(2), 308-311.

Flexor Tendon Tissue Engineering: Temporal Distribution of Donor Tenocytes versus Recipient Cells
Thorfinn, J., Saber, S., Angelidis, I. K., Ki, S. H., Zhang, A. Y., & Chang, J. (2009). Flexor Tendon Tissue Engineering: Temporal Distribution of Donor Tenocytes versus Recipient Cells. PLASTIC AND RECONSTRUCTIVE SURGERY, 124(6), 2019-2026.

Tissue engineering of flexor tendons: The effect of a tissue bioreactor on adipoderived stem cell-seeded and fibroblast-seeded constructs
Angelidis, I. K., Thorfinn, J., Connolly, I. D., Lindsey, D., Pham, H. M., & Chang, J. (2009). Tissue engineering of flexor tendons: The effect of a tissue bioreactor on adipoderived stem cell-seeded and fibroblast-seeded constructs. JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN COLLEGE OF SURGEONS, 209(3), S75-S76.

Flexor Tendon Tissue Engineering: Acellularized and Reseeded Tendon Constructs
Chong, A. Ks., Riboh, J., Smith, R. L., Lindsey, D. P., Pham, H. M., & Chang, J. (2009). Flexor Tendon Tissue Engineering: Acellularized and Reseeded Tendon Constructs. PLASTIC AND RECONSTRUCTIVE SURGERY, 123(6), 1759-1766.

Tissue-engineered intrasynovial tendons: Optimization of acellularization and seeding
Zhang, A. Y., Bates, S. J., Morrow, E., Pham, H., Pham, B., & Chang, J. (2009). Tissue-engineered intrasynovial tendons: Optimization of acellularization and seeding. JOURNAL OF REHABILITATION RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT, 46(4), 489-497.

Gene expression analysis of Dupuytren's disease: the role of TGF-beta2.
Zhang, A. Y., Fong, K. D., Pham, H., Nacamuli, R. P., Longaker, M. T., & Chang, J. (2008). Gene expression analysis of Dupuytren's disease: the role of TGF-beta2. The Journal of hand surgery, European volume, 33(6), 783-790.

Bioactive Sutures for Tendon Repair: Assessment of a Method of Delivering Pluripotential Embryonic Cells
Yao, J., Korotkova, T., Riboh, J., Chong, A., Chang, J., & Smith, R. L. (2008). Bioactive Sutures for Tendon Repair: Assessment of a Method of Delivering Pluripotential Embryonic Cells. JOURNAL OF HAND SURGERY-AMERICAN VOLUME, 33A(9), 1558-1564.

Optimization of Flexor Tendon Tissue Engineering With a Cyclic Strain Bioreactor
Riboh, J., Chong, A. Ks., Pham, H., Longaker, M., Jacobs, C., & Chang, J. (2008). Optimization of Flexor Tendon Tissue Engineering With a Cyclic Strain Bioreactor. JOURNAL OF HAND SURGERY-AMERICAN VOLUME, 33A(8), 1388-1396.

CT angiography in pediatric extremity trauma: preoperative evaluation prior to reconstructive surgery.
Hsu, C. S., Hellinger, J. C., Rubin, G. D., & Chang, J. (2008). CT angiography in pediatric extremity trauma: preoperative evaluation prior to reconstructive surgery. Hand (New York, N.Y.), 3(2), 139-145.

THE TIMING OF MICROSURGICAL RECONSTRUCTION IN LOWER EXTREMITY TRAUMA
Karanas, Y. L., Nigriny, J., & Chang, J. (2008). THE TIMING OF MICROSURGICAL RECONSTRUCTION IN LOWER EXTREMITY TRAUMA. MICROSURGERY, 28(8), 632-634.

Live imaging of Smad2/3 signaling in mouse skin wound healing
Chong, A. Ks., Satterwhite, T., Pham, H. M., Costa, M. A., Luo, J., & Chang, J. (2007). Live imaging of Smad2/3 signaling in mouse skin wound healing. WOUND REPAIR AND REGENERATION, 15(5), 762-766.

Dupuytren's Disease: History, Diagnosis, and Treatment
Shaw, R. B., Chong, A. Ks., Zhang, A., Hentz, V. R., & Chang, J. (2007). Dupuytren's Disease: History, Diagnosis, and Treatment. PLASTIC AND RECONSTRUCTIVE SURGERY, 120(3), 44E-54E.

Deltoid flap combined with fascia lata autograft for rotator cuff defects: a histologic study
McAdams, T. R., Knudsen, K. R., Yalamanchi, N., Chang, J., & Goodman, S. B. (2007). Deltoid flap combined with fascia lata autograft for rotator cuff defects: a histologic study. KNEE SURGERY SPORTS TRAUMATOLOGY ARTHROSCOPY, 15(9), 1144-1149.

In vitro analysis of transforming growth factor-beta 1 inhibition in novel Transgenic SBE-luciferase mice
Satterwhite, T. S., Chong, A. K., Luo, J., Pham, H., Costa, M., & Chang, J. (2007). In vitro analysis of transforming growth factor-beta 1 inhibition in novel Transgenic SBE-luciferase mice. ANNALS OF PLASTIC SURGERY, 59(2), 207-213.

A comparison of tenocytes and mesenchymal stem cells for use in flexor tendon tissue engineering
Kryger, G. S., Chong, A. Ks., Costa, M., Pham, H., Bates, S. J., & Chang, J. (2007). A comparison of tenocytes and mesenchymal stem cells for use in flexor tendon tissue engineering. JOURNAL OF HAND SURGERY-AMERICAN VOLUME, 32A(5), 597-605.

Requests for 692 transfers to an academic Level I trauma center: Implications of the Emergency Medical Treatment and Active Labor Act
Spain, D. A., Bellino, M., Kopelman, A., Chang, J., Park, J., & Brundage, S. I. (2007). Requests for 692 transfers to an academic Level I trauma center: Implications of the Emergency Medical Treatment and Active Labor Act. JOURNAL OF TRAUMA-INJURY INFECTION AND CRITICAL CARE, 62(1), 63-67.

Optimization of microsurgery - Improved coverage of the Latissimus dorsi vascular pedicle with vascularized serratus fascia
Riboh, J., Nigriny, J., Chong, A., Page, R., & Chang, J. (2007). Optimization of microsurgery - Improved coverage of the Latissimus dorsi vascular pedicle with vascularized serratus fascia. ANNALS OF PLASTIC SURGERY, 58(1), 109-111.

Mannose-6-phosphate, an inhibitor of transforming growth factor-beta, improves range of motion after flexor tendon repair.
Bates, S. J., Morrow, E., Zhang, A. Y., Pham, H., Longaker, M. T., & Chang, J. (2006). Mannose-6-phosphate, an inhibitor of transforming growth factor-beta, improves range of motion after flexor tendon repair. journal of bone and joint surgery. American volume, 88(11), 2465-2472.

Tissue engineering of flexor tendons: Optimization of tenocyte proliferation using growth factor supplementation
Costa, M. A., Wu, C., Pham, B. V., Chong, A. K. S., Pham, H. M., & Chang, J. (2006). Tissue engineering of flexor tendons: Optimization of tenocyte proliferation using growth factor supplementation. TISSUE ENGINEERING, 12(7), 1937-1943.

Reconstruction of hand soft-tissue defects: Alternatives to the radial forearm fasciocutaneous flap
Page, R., & Chang, J. (2006). Reconstruction of hand soft-tissue defects: Alternatives to the radial forearm fasciocutaneous flap. JOURNAL OF HAND SURGERY-AMERICAN VOLUME, 31A(5), 847-856.

Tissue engineering for the hand surgeon: a clinical perspective.
Chong, A. Ks., & Chang, J. (2006). Tissue engineering for the hand surgeon: a clinical perspective. journal of hand surgery, 31(3), 349-358.

Expression of a novel gene, MafB, in Dupuytren's disease
Lee, L. C., Zhang, A. Y., Chong, A. K., Pham, H., Longaker, M. T., & Chang, J. (2006). Expression of a novel gene, MafB, in Dupuytren's disease. JOURNAL OF HAND SURGERY-AMERICAN VOLUME, 31A(2), 211-218.

Microarray analysis of mechanical shear effects on flexor tendon cells
Fong, K. D., Trindade, M. C., Wang, Z., Nacamuli, R. P., Pham, H., & Chang, J. (2005). Microarray analysis of mechanical shear effects on flexor tendon cells. PLASTIC AND RECONSTRUCTIVE SURGERY, 116(5), 1393-1404.

Vascular mapping of the leg with multi-detector row CT angiography prior to free-flap transplantation
Chow, L. C., Napoli, A., Klein, M. B., Chang, J., & Rubin, G. D. (2005). Vascular mapping of the leg with multi-detector row CT angiography prior to free-flap transplantation. RADIOLOGY, 237(1), 353-360.

Flexor tendon tissue engineering: a comparison of tenocytes versus stem cells
Kryger, G. S., Pham, H., Wu, C., BATES, S., & Chang, J. (2005). Flexor tendon tissue engineering: a comparison of tenocytes versus stem cells. JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN COLLEGE OF SURGEONS, 201(3), S45-S46.

CT angiography in complex upper extremity reconstruction
Bogdan, M. A., Klein, M. B., Rubin, G. D., McAdams, T. R., & Chang, J. (2004). CT angiography in complex upper extremity reconstruction. JOURNAL OF HAND SURGERY-BRITISH AND EUROPEAN VOLUME, 29B(5), 465-469.

Twelve simple maneuvers to optimize digital replantation and revascularization.
Chang, J., & Jones, N. (2004). Twelve simple maneuvers to optimize digital replantation and revascularization. Techniques in hand & upper extremity surgery, 8(3), 161-166.

Sternal osteomyelitis: Use of vacuum-assisted closure device as an adjunct to definitive closure with sternectomy and muscle flap reconstruction
Scholl, L., Chang, E., Reitz, B., & Chang, J. (2004). Sternal osteomyelitis: Use of vacuum-assisted closure device as an adjunct to definitive closure with sternectomy and muscle flap reconstruction. JOURNAL OF CARDIAC SURGERY, 19(5), 453-461.

Inhibition of TGF-beta-induced collagen production in rabbit flexor tendons.
Zhang, A. Y., Pham, H., Ho, F., Teng, K., Longaker, M. T., & Chang, J. (2004). Inhibition of TGF-beta-induced collagen production in rabbit flexor tendons. journal of hand surgery, 29(2), 230-235.

Flexor tendon wound healing in vitro: Lactate up-regulation of TGF-beta expression and functional activity
Yalamanchi, N., Klein, M. B., Pham, H. M., Longaker, M. T., & Chang, J. (2004). Flexor tendon wound healing in vitro: Lactate up-regulation of TGF-beta expression and functional activity. PLASTIC AND RECONSTRUCTIVE SURGERY, 113(2), 625-632.

Preoperative CT angiography for free fibula transfer
Karanas, Y. L., Antony, A., Rubin, G., & Chang, J. (2004). Preoperative CT angiography for free fibula transfer. MICROSURGERY, 24(2), 125-127.

Scaphoid nonunion: Diagnosis and treatment
Pao, V. S., & Chang, J. (2003). Scaphoid nonunion: Diagnosis and treatment. PLASTIC AND RECONSTRUCTIVE SURGERY, 112(6), 1666-1676.

Three-dimensional hyaluronic acid grafts promote healing and reduce scar formation in skin incision wounds.
Hu, M., Sabelman, E. E., Cao, Y., Chang, J., & Hentz, V. R. (2003). Three-dimensional hyaluronic acid grafts promote healing and reduce scar formation in skin incision wounds. Journal of biomedical materials research. Part B, Applied biomaterials, 67(1), 586-592.

Tissue engineering of flexor tendons
Zhang, A. Y., & Chang, J. (2003). Tissue engineering of flexor tendons. CLINICS IN PLASTIC SURGERY, 30(4), 565-?.

Early experience with computed tomographic angiography in microsurgical reconstruction
Klein, M. B., Karanas, Y. L., Chow, L. C., Rubin, G. D., & Chang, J. (2003). Early experience with computed tomographic angiography in microsurgical reconstruction. PLASTIC AND RECONSTRUCTIVE SURGERY, 112(2), 498-503.

Protective effects of superoxide dismutase against ischemia-reperfusion injury: Development and application of a transgenic animal model
Klein, M. B., Chan, P. H., & Chang, J. (2003). Protective effects of superoxide dismutase against ischemia-reperfusion injury: Development and application of a transgenic animal model. PLASTIC AND RECONSTRUCTIVE SURGERY, 111(1), 251-255.

Images in clinical medicine. Ulnar-nerve schwannoma.
Chang, J., & Klein, M. B. (2002). Images in clinical medicine. Ulnar-nerve schwannoma. New England journal of medicine, 347(12), 903-?.

Matrix metalloproteinases and the ontogeny of scarless repair: The other side of the wound healing balance
Peled, Z. M., Phelps, E. D., Updike, D. L., Chang, J., Krummel, T. M., & Longaker, M. T. (2002). Matrix metalloproteinases and the ontogeny of scarless repair: The other side of the wound healing balance. PLASTIC AND RECONSTRUCTIVE SURGERY, 110(3), 801-811.

Flexor tendon healing in vitro: effects of TGF-beta on tendon cell collagen production.
Klein, M. B., Yalamanchi, N., Pham, H., Longaker, M. T., & Chang, J. (2002). Flexor tendon healing in vitro: effects of TGF-beta on tendon cell collagen production. journal of hand surgery, 27(4), 615-620.

Reconstruction of the hand in Apert syndrome: A simplified approach
Chang, J., Danton, T. K., Ladd, A. L., & Hentz, V. R. (2002). Reconstruction of the hand in Apert syndrome: A simplified approach. PLASTIC AND RECONSTRUCTIVE SURGERY, 109(2), 465-470.

Overhealing, underhealing, and skin regeneration: a new perspective on wound healing.
Peled, Z. M., Galiano, R., Chin, G. S., Chang, J., Krummel, T. M., & Longaker, M. T. (2002). Overhealing, underhealing, and skin regeneration: a new perspective on wound healing. Asian journal of surgery , 25(1), 102-110.

Acute nerve grafting in traumatic injuries: Two case studies
Sud, V., Chang, J., & Lineaweaver, W. (2001). Acute nerve grafting in traumatic injuries: Two case studies. ANNALS OF PLASTIC SURGERY, 47(5), 555-559.

Fetal wound healing: Progress report and future directions
Longaker, N. T., Peled, Z. M., Chang, J., & Krummel, T. M. (2001). Fetal wound healing: Progress report and future directions. SURGERY, 130(5), 785-787.

Gene expression of transforming growth factor beta isoforms in interposition nerve grafting
Karanas, Y. L., Bogdan, M. A., Lineaweaver, W. C., Hentz, V. R., Longaker, M. T., & Chang, J. (2001). Gene expression of transforming growth factor beta isoforms in interposition nerve grafting. JOURNAL OF HAND SURGERY-AMERICAN VOLUME, 26A(6), 1082-1087.

Differential expression of transforming growth factor-beta receptors in a rabbit zone II flexor tendon wound healing model
Ngo, M., Pham, H., Longaker, M. T., & Chang, J. (2001). Differential expression of transforming growth factor-beta receptors in a rabbit zone II flexor tendon wound healing model. PLASTIC AND RECONSTRUCTIVE SURGERY, 108(5), 1260-1267.

The ontogeny of scarless healing II: EGF and PDGF-B gene expression in fetal rat skin and fibroblasts as a function of gestational age
Peled, Z. M., Rhee, S. J., HSU, M., Chang, J., Krummel, T. M., & Longaker, M. T. (2001). The ontogeny of scarless healing II: EGF and PDGF-B gene expression in fetal rat skin and fibroblasts as a function of gestational age. ANNALS OF PLASTIC SURGERY, 47(4), 417-424.

Flexor tendon wound healing in vitro: the effect of lactate on tendon cell proliferation and collagen production.
Klein, M. B., Pham, H., Yalamanchi, N., & Chang, J. (2001). Flexor tendon wound healing in vitro: the effect of lactate on tendon cell proliferation and collagen production. journal of hand surgery, 26(5), 847-854.

Acute nerve grafting in traumatic injuries
Sud, V., Chang, J., & Lineaweaver, W. C. (2001). Acute nerve grafting in traumatic injuries. PROCEEDINGS OF THE INAUGURAL CONGRESS OF THE WORLD SOCIETY FOR RECONSTRUCTIVE MICROSURGERY, 523-525.

Staged closure of complicated bronchopleural fistulas
Turk, A. E., Karanas, Y. L., Cannon, W., & Chang, J. (2000). Staged closure of complicated bronchopleural fistulas. ANNALS OF PLASTIC SURGERY, 45(5), 560-564.

Free flap closure in complex congenital and acquired defects of the palate
Turk, A. E., Chang, J., Soroudi, A. E., Hui, K., & Lineaweaver, W. C. (2000). Free flap closure in complex congenital and acquired defects of the palate. ANNALS OF PLASTIC SURGERY, 45(3), 274-279.

Management of hand and upper-extremity infections in heart transplant recipients
Klein, M. B., & Chang, J. (2000). Management of hand and upper-extremity infections in heart transplant recipients. PLASTIC AND RECONSTRUCTIVE SURGERY, 106(3), 598-601.

Plastic surgeons in American hand surgery: The past, present, and future
Chang, J., Hentz, V. R., & Chase, R. A. (2000). Plastic surgeons in American hand surgery: The past, present, and future. PLASTIC AND RECONSTRUCTIVE SURGERY, 106(2), 406-412.

Community acquired methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus hand infections: case reports and clinical implications.
Karanas, Y. L., Bogdan, M. A., & Chang, J. (2000). Community acquired methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus hand infections: case reports and clinical implications. journal of hand surgery, 25(4), 760-763.

Studies in flexor tendon wound healing: Neutralizing antibody to TGF-beta 1 increases postoperative range of motion
Chang, J., Thunder, R., Most, D., Longaker, M. T., & Lineaweaver, W. C. (2000). Studies in flexor tendon wound healing: Neutralizing antibody to TGF-beta 1 increases postoperative range of motion. PLASTIC AND RECONSTRUCTIVE SURGERY, 105(1), 148-155.

A single surgeon's experience with the Delaire palatoplasty
Schendel, S. A., Lorenz, H. P., Dagenais, D., Hopkins, E., & Chang, J. (1999). A single surgeon's experience with the Delaire palatoplasty. PLASTIC AND RECONSTRUCTIVE SURGERY, 104(7), 1993-1997.

Proliferative hemangiomas: Analysis of cytokine gene expression and angiogenesis
Chang, J., Most, D., Bresnick, S., Mehrara, B., Steinbrech, D. S., & Turk, A. E. (1999). Proliferative hemangiomas: Analysis of cytokine gene expression and angiogenesis. PLASTIC AND RECONSTRUCTIVE SURGERY, 103(1), 1-9.

Molecular studies in flexor tendon wound healing: The role of basic fibroblast growth factor gene expression
Chang, J., Most, D., Thunder, R., Mehrara, B., Longaker, M. T., & Lineaweaver, W. C. (1998). Molecular studies in flexor tendon wound healing: The role of basic fibroblast growth factor gene expression. JOURNAL OF HAND SURGERY-AMERICAN VOLUME, 23A(6), 1052-1058.

A Method for Immobilizing the Forelimbs of Rabbits.
Thunder, R. M., Chang, J., Broome, R. L., & Most, D. (1998). A Method for Immobilizing the Forelimbs of Rabbits. Contemporary topics in laboratory animal science / American Association for Laboratory Animal Science, 37(5), 94-95.

Gene expression of transforming growth factor beta-1 in rabbit zone II flexor tendon wound healing: Evidence for dual mechanisms of repair
Chang, J., Most, D., Stelnicki, E., Siebert, J. W., Longaker, M. T., & Lineaweaver, W. C. (1997). Gene expression of transforming growth factor beta-1 in rabbit zone II flexor tendon wound healing: Evidence for dual mechanisms of repair. PLASTIC AND RECONSTRUCTIVE SURGERY, 100(4), 937-944.

Tibialis anterior turnover flap coverage of exposed tibia in a severely burned patient
Chang, J., Most, D., HOVEY, L. M., & Yim, K. K. (1997). Tibialis anterior turnover flap coverage of exposed tibia in a severely burned patient. BURNS, 23(1), 69-71.

The role of bFGF and VEGF gene expression in proliferative hemangiomas
Chang, J., Most, D., Bresnick, S., Reinisch, J., Longaker, M. T., & Turk, A. (1997). The role of bFGF and VEGF gene expression in proliferative hemangiomas. CRANIOFACIAL SURGERY 7, 303-304.