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Specific treatment for cystic fibrosis will be determined by your doctor based on:
Your age, overall health, and medical history
Extent of the disease
Expectations for the course of the disease
Your tolerance for specific medications, procedures, or therapies
Your opinion or preference
Currently, there is no cure for cystic fibrosis. A cure would call for gene therapy at an early age and this has not been developed yet, although research is being done in this direction. The gene that causes cystic fibrosis has been identified and there are hopes that this will lead to an increased understanding of the disease. Also being researched are different drug regimens to help stop cystic fibrosis. Goals of treatment are to ease severity of symptoms and slow the progress of the disease. Treatment may include:
Management of problems that cause lung obstruction, which may involve:
Exercise to loosen mucus, stimulate coughing, and improve overall physical condition
Medications to reduce mucus and help breathing
Antibiotics to treat infections
Management of digestive problems, which may involve:
Pancreatic enzymes to aid digestion
Treatments for intestinal obstructions
Newer therapies include lung transplantation for patients with end-stage lung disease. The type of transplant done is usually a heart-lung transplant, or a double lung transplant. Not everyone is a candidate for a lung transplant. Discuss this with your doctor.