Diabetes is a disease in which the body cannot properly use the energy it gets from food. Normally, most of the food we eat is broken down or digested into sugar or glucose. Glucose provides the body's cells with the energy they need. Insulin, a hormone produced in the pancreas, helps the glucose get inside the cells where the glucose is burned for energy.
More than 16 million people in the United States have diabetes. Diabetes is a chronic illness that will not go away. While we cannot cure diabetes, we can control diabetes. The best way to cope with diabetes is to learn as much as you can about taking care of yourself.
Diabetes and Insulin
In diabetes, the body cannot make enough insulin or is resistant to the insulin it makes. As a result, your blood glucose can become much higher than usual. A normal fasting blood glucose range is about 65-100. When your blood sugar is 126 or higher after fasting for eight hours, we determine the diagnosis of diabetes.
Symptoms of diabetes include frequent urination and being thirstier than usual. Learn more about diabetes symptoms.
Diabetes Risk Factors
Having a family history of diabetes or being overweight are two risk factors for diabetes. Talk to your doctor about getting tested for diabetes. Learn more about diabetes risk factors.
Types of Diabetes
About 90-95 percent of people with diabetes develop it as an adult. We call this Type 2 diabetes. Less than 10 percent of people with diabetes have Type 1 or insulin dependent diabetes. Learn more about the different types of diabetes.
Clinical trials are research studies that evaluate a new medical approach, device, drug, or other treatment. As a Stanford Health Care patient, you may have access to the latest, advanced clinical trials.
Open trials refer to studies currently accepting participants. Closed trials are not currently enrolling, but may open in the future.