We offer diagnosis and treatment for the different types of diabetes. Talk to your doctor about when you should get tested for diabetes.
Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes are the main types of diabetes. In addition, there are other conditions: Pre-diabetes, transplant diabetes and gestational diabetes. Your treatment plan may depend on the particular type of diabetes you have.
What Is Pre-diabetes?
Pre-diabetes is becoming more common in the United States. According to the American Diabetes Association (ADA), it affects 79 million people age 20 or older in the U.S.
Pre-diabetes is characterized by an increased level of glucose in the blood. When you have pre-diabetes, your risk of developing diabetes increases. Many individuals with pre-diabetes develop Type 2 diabetes within 10 years. Your chance of developing heart disease and stroke increases as well. The good news is that you can help control and possibly reverse pre-diabetes by making some lifestyle changes.
Pre-diabetes is also called impaired fasting glucose (IFG) or impaired glucose tolerance (IGT), depending on the test used to diagnose it. Some individuals have both IFG and IGT.
In IFG, glucose levels are a little high when it is several hours after eating.
In IGT, glucose levels are a little higher than normal right after eating.
What Is Type 1 Diabetes?
This type of diabetes usually occurs before the age of 40. Since the pancreas has stopped making insulin, people with this type of diabetes must take insulin injections to keep blood sugar levels in a normal range.
What Is Type 2 Diabetes?
This type of diabetes usually occurs after the age of 40. The pancreas still makes insulin, but it is not making enough and the body is resistant to the insulin it makes. This results in high blood glucose levels. The treatment for this type of diabetes is:
Lifestyle changes, such as diet and exercise
Sometimes, diabetes medication, including pills, injections of insulin or both to control their blood glucose.
Weight loss (if you are overweight), in order to increase your body's sensitivity to insulin and decrease your need for medication.
Clinical trials are research studies that evaluate a new medical approach, device, drug, or other treatment. As a Stanford Health Care patient, you may have access to the latest, advanced clinical trials.
Open trials refer to studies currently accepting participants. Closed trials are not currently enrolling, but may open in the future.