Notice: Users may be experiencing issues with displaying some pages on stanfordhealthcare.org. We are working closely with our technical teams to resolve the issue as quickly as possible. Thank you for your patience.
Surgical therapy in male infertility is designed to overcome congenital or acquired anatomical barriers that impede sperm production and maturation or delivery. Epididymal or vasal obstruction can be corrected microsurgically to improve sperm delivery. Ejaculatory obstruction can be corrected endoscopically. Impaired testicular function and sperm production due to varicocele can be improved microsurgically.
In certain men, sperm must be directly harvested from the scrotum. In such cases, sperm can be harvested percutaneously or microsurgically directly from the testis or epididymis. Our world-renowned embryologists evaluate the sperm immediately to provide real time interpretation and help guide the optimal sperm extraction.