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Some health conditions can disrupt sleep, including:
Conditions that cause chronic pain, such as arthritis and headache disorder
Conditions that are associated with difficulty breathing, such as asthma, congestive heart failure, chronic obstructive pulmonary diseases, and sleep apnea
Depression, anxiety and other psychiatric disorders
Abnormal thyroid function
Acid reflux disorder
Restless legs syndrome
Conditions that increase urinary frequency, such as enlarged prostate
Certain medications and commonly used substances can disrupt sleep. These include the following:
Caffeine, nicotine, and other stimulants
Alcohol or other sedatives that wear off in the middle of the night
Some asthma medications (e.g. theophylline)
Some decongestants and allergy and cold medicines
Some steroids, such as prednisone
Beta blockers (medicines used to treat heart conditions)
Sleep disruptions caused by medical conditions, medications and substances may resolve with treatment. However, this is not always the case and for some individuals, insomnia may persist after the medical condition is managed or resolved.
Clinical trials are research studies that evaluate a new medical approach, device, drug, or other treatment. As a Stanford Health Care patient, you may have access to the latest, advanced clinical trials.
Open trials refer to studies currently accepting participants. Closed trials are not currently enrolling, but may open in the future.