Gary Schoolnik

Professional Education

Residency: Massachusetts General Hospital (1978) MA

Fellowship: University of Washington School of Medicine (1976) WA

Residency: Massachusetts General Hospital (1974) MA

Medical Education: University of Washington School of Medicine (1972) WA

Internship: Massachusetts General Hospital (1973) MA

Board Certification: Infectious Disease, American Board of Internal Medicine (1976)

Board Certification: Internal Medicine, American Board of Internal Medicine (1975)

The competitive cost of antibiotic resistance in Mycobacterium tuberculosis
Gagneux, S., Long, C. D., Small, P. M., Van, T., Schoolnik, G. K., & Bohannan, B. Jm. (2006). The competitive cost of antibiotic resistance in Mycobacterium tuberculosis. SCIENCE, 312(5782), 1944-1946.

Expression profiling of host pathogen interactions: How Mycobacterium tuberculosis and the macrophage adapt to one another
Schnappinger, D., Schoolnik, G. K., & Ehrt, S. (2006). Expression profiling of host pathogen interactions: How Mycobacterium tuberculosis and the macrophage adapt to one another. MICROBES AND INFECTION, 8(4), 1132-1140.

Identification and characterization of RbmA, a novel protein required for the development of rugose colony morphology and biofilm structure in Vibrio cholerae
Fong, J. Cn., Karplus, K., SCHOOLNIK, G. K., & Yildiz, F. H. (2006). Identification and characterization of RbmA, a novel protein required for the development of rugose colony morphology and biofilm structure in Vibrio cholerae. JOURNAL OF BACTERIOLOGY, 188(3), 1049-1059.

Evidence supporting predicted metabolic pathways for Vibrio cholerae: gene expression data and clinical tests
Shi, J., Romero, P. R., Schoolnik, G. K., Spormann, A. M., & Karp, P. D. (2006). Evidence supporting predicted metabolic pathways for Vibrio cholerae: gene expression data and clinical tests. NUCLEIC ACIDS RESEARCH, 34(8), 2438-2444.

Chitin induces natural competence in Vibrio cholerae
Meibom, K. L., Blokesch, M., Dolganov, N. A., Wu, C. Y., & Schoolnik, G. K. (2005). Chitin induces natural competence in Vibrio cholerae. SCIENCE, 310(5755), 1824-1827.

Ancestral antibiotic resistance in Mycobacterium tuberculosis
Morris, R. P., Nguyen, L., Gatfield, J., Visconti, K., Nguyen, K., & Thompson, C. J. (2005). Ancestral antibiotic resistance in Mycobacterium tuberculosis. PROCEEDINGS OF THE NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, 102(34), 12200-12205.

Molecular analysis of rugosity in a Vibrio cholerae O1 El Tor phase variant
Yildiz, F. H., Liu, X. S., Heydorn, A., & SCHOOLNIK, G. K. (2004). Molecular analysis of rugosity in a Vibrio cholerae O1 El Tor phase variant. MOLECULAR MICROBIOLOGY, 53(2), 497-515.

Phage offer a real alternative
Schoolnik, G. K., Summers, W. C., & D Watson, J. (2004). Phage offer a real alternative. NATURE BIOTECHNOLOGY, 22(5), 505-506.

The Vibrio cholerae chitin utilization program
Meibom, K. L., Li, X. Bb., Nielsen, A. T., Wu, C. Y., Roseman, S., & Schoolnik, G. K. (2004). The Vibrio cholerae chitin utilization program. PROCEEDINGS OF THE NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, 101(8), 2524-2529.

Mycobacterium tuberculosis gene expression during adaptation to stationary phase and low-oxygen dormancy
Voskuil, M. I., Visconti, K. C., & SCHOOLNIK, G. K. (2004). Mycobacterium tuberculosis gene expression during adaptation to stationary phase and low-oxygen dormancy. TUBERCULOSIS, 84(3-4), 218-227.

Regulation of the Mycobacterium tuberculosis PE/PPE genes
Voskuil, M. I., Schnappinger, D., Rutherford, R., Liu, Y., & SCHOOLNIK, G. K. (2004). Regulation of the Mycobacterium tuberculosis PE/PPE genes. TUBERCULOSIS, 84(3-4), 256-262.

Structural and topographical studies of the type IV bundle-forming pilus assembly complex of enteropathogenic Escherichia coli
Hwang, J. W., Bieber, D., Ramer, S. W., Wu, C. Y., & SCHOOLNIK, G. K. (2003). Structural and topographical studies of the type IV bundle-forming pilus assembly complex of enteropathogenic Escherichia coli. JOURNAL OF BACTERIOLOGY, 185(22), 6695-6701.

MyD88 primes macrophages for full-scale activation by interferon-gamma yet mediates few responses to Mycobacterium tuberculosis
Shi, S. Ap., Nathan, C., Schnappinger, D., Drenkow, J., Fuortes, M., & Ehrt, S. (2003). MyD88 primes macrophages for full-scale activation by interferon-gamma yet mediates few responses to Mycobacterium tuberculosis. JOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL MEDICINE, 198(7), 987-997.

Inhibition of HIV infectivity by a natural human isolate of Lactobacillus jensenii engineered to express functional two-domain CD4
Chang, T. Ly., Chang, C. H., Simpson, D. A., Xu, Q., Martin, P. K., & Lee, P. P. (2003). Inhibition of HIV infectivity by a natural human isolate of Lactobacillus jensenii engineered to express functional two-domain CD4. PROCEEDINGS OF THE NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, 100(20), 11672-11677.

Transcriptional adaptation of Mycobacterium tuberculosis within macrophages: Insights into the phagosomal environment
Schnappinger, D., Ehrt, S., Voskuil, M. I., Liu, Y., Mangan, J. A., & Schoolnik, G. K. (2003). Transcriptional adaptation of Mycobacterium tuberculosis within macrophages: Insights into the phagosomal environment. JOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL MEDICINE, 198(5), 693-704.

Inhibition of respiration by nitric oxide induces a Mycobacterium tuberculosis dormancy program
Voskuil, M. I., Schnappinger, D., Visconti, K. C., Harrell, M. I., Dolganov, G. M., & Schoolnik, G. K. (2003). Inhibition of respiration by nitric oxide induces a Mycobacterium tuberculosis dormancy program. JOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL MEDICINE, 198(5), 705-713.

Global stage-specific gene regulation during the developmental cycle of Chlamydia trachomatis
Nicholson, T. L., Olinger, L., Chong, K., SCHOOLNIK, G., & Stephens, R. S. (2003). Global stage-specific gene regulation during the developmental cycle of Chlamydia trachomatis. JOURNAL OF BACTERIOLOGY, 185(10), 3179-3189.

Rv3133c/dosR is a transcription factor that mediates the hypoxic response of Mycobacterium tuberculosis
Park, H. D., Guinn, K. M., Harrell, M. I., Liao, R., Voskuil, M. I., & Sherman, D. R. (2003). Rv3133c/dosR is a transcription factor that mediates the hypoxic response of Mycobacterium tuberculosis. MOLECULAR MICROBIOLOGY, 48(3), 833-843.

Microarray expression profiling: capturing a genome-wide portrait of the transcriptome
Conway, T., & SCHOOLNIK, G. K. (2003). Microarray expression profiling: capturing a genome-wide portrait of the transcriptome. MOLECULAR MICROBIOLOGY, 47(4), 879-889.

ideR, an essential gene in Mycobacterium tuberculosis: Role of IdeR in iron-dependent gene expression, iron metabolism, and oxidative stress response
Rodriguez, G. M., Voskuil, M. I., Gold, B., SCHOOLNIK, G. K., & Smith, I. (2002). ideR, an essential gene in Mycobacterium tuberculosis: Role of IdeR in iron-dependent gene expression, iron metabolism, and oxidative stress response. INFECTION AND IMMUNITY, 70(7), 3371-3381.

Role of the extracytoplasmic-function sigma Factor sigma(H) in Mycobacterium tuberculosis global gene expression
Manganelli, R., Voskuil, M. I., SCHOOLNIK, G. K., Dubnau, E., Gomez, M., & Smith, I. (2002). Role of the extracytoplasmic-function sigma Factor sigma(H) in Mycobacterium tuberculosis global gene expression. MOLECULAR MICROBIOLOGY, 45(2), 365-374.

The type IV pilus assembly complex: Biogenic interactions among the bundle-forming pilus proteins of enteropathogenic, Escherichia coli
Ramer, S. W., Schoolnik, G. K., Wu, C. Y., Hwang, J. W., Schmidt, S. A., & Bieber, D. (2002). The type IV pilus assembly complex: Biogenic interactions among the bundle-forming pilus proteins of enteropathogenic, Escherichia coli. JOURNAL OF BACTERIOLOGY, 184(13), 3457-3465.

Host-induced epidemic spread of the cholera bacterium
Merrell, D. S., Butler, S. M., Qadri, F., Dolganov, N. A., Alam, A., & Camilli, A. (2002). Host-induced epidemic spread of the cholera bacterium. NATURE, 417(6889), 642-645.

Functional and comparative genomics of pathogenic bacteria
Schoolnik, G. K. (2002). Functional and comparative genomics of pathogenic bacteria. CURRENT OPINION IN MICROBIOLOGY, 5(1), 20-26.

Microarray analysis of bacterial pathogenicity
Schoolnik, G. K. (2002). Microarray analysis of bacterial pathogenicity. ADVANCES IN MICROBIAL PHYSIOLOGY, VOL 46, 46, 1-45.

Reprogramming of the macrophage transcriptome in response to interferon-gamma and Mycobacterium tuberculosis: Signaling roles of nitric oxide synthase-2 and phagocyte oxidase
Ehrt, S., Schnappinger, D., Bekiranov, S., Drenkow, J., Shi, S. P., & Nathan, C. (2001). Reprogramming of the macrophage transcriptome in response to interferon-gamma and Mycobacterium tuberculosis: Signaling roles of nitric oxide synthase-2 and phagocyte oxidase. JOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL MEDICINE, 194(8), 1123-1139.

Structure-function analysis of BfpB, a secretin-like protein encoded by the bundle-forming-pilus operon of enteropathogenic Escherichia coli
Schmidt, S. A., Bieber, D., Ramer, S. W., Hwang, J. W., Wu, C. Y., & Schoolnik, G. (2001). Structure-function analysis of BfpB, a secretin-like protein encoded by the bundle-forming-pilus operon of enteropathogenic Escherichia coli. JOURNAL OF BACTERIOLOGY, 183(16), 4848-4859.

The Mycobacterium tuberculosis ECF sigma factor sigma(E): role in global gene expression and survival in macrophages
Manganelli, R., Voskuil, M. I., SCHOOLNIK, G. K., & Smith, I. (2001). The Mycobacterium tuberculosis ECF sigma factor sigma(E): role in global gene expression and survival in macrophages. MOLECULAR MICROBIOLOGY, 41(2), 423-437.

Regulation of the Mycobacterium tuberculosis hypoxic response gene encoding alpha-crystallin
Sherman, D. R., Voskuil, M., Schnappinger, D., Liao, R. L., Harrell, M. I., & SCHOOLNIK, G. K. (2001). Regulation of the Mycobacterium tuberculosis hypoxic response gene encoding alpha-crystallin. PROCEEDINGS OF THE NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, 98(13), 7534-7539.

VpsR, a member of the response regulators of the two-component regulatory systems, is required for expression of vps biosynthesis genes and EPSETr-associated phenotypes in Vibrio cholerae O1 El Tor
Yildiz, F. H., Dolganov, N. A., & SCHOOLNIK, G. K. (2001). VpsR, a member of the response regulators of the two-component regulatory systems, is required for expression of vps biosynthesis genes and EPSETr-associated phenotypes in Vibrio cholerae O1 El Tor. JOURNAL OF BACTERIOLOGY, 183(5), 1716-1726.

Whole genome DNA microarray expression analysis of biofilm development by Vibrio cholerae O1 El Tor
SCHOOLNIK, G. K., Voskuil, M. I., Schnappinger, D., Yildiz, F. H., Meibom, K., & Chong, K. H. (2001). Whole genome DNA microarray expression analysis of biofilm development by Vibrio cholerae O1 El Tor. MICROBIAL GROWTH IN BIOFILMS, PT A, 336, 3-18.

The accelerating convergence of genomics and microbiology.
Schoolnik, G. K. (2001). The accelerating convergence of genomics and microbiology. Genome biology, 2(4), REPORTS4009-?.

DNA microarrays and combinatorial chemical libraries: tools for the drug discovery pipeline
Barry, C. E., Wilson, M., LEE, R., & SCHOOLNIK, G. K. (2000). DNA microarrays and combinatorial chemical libraries: tools for the drug discovery pipeline. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF TUBERCULOSIS AND LUNG DISEASE, 4(12), S189-S193.

Extracytoplasmic proteins of Mycobacterium tuberculosis - mature secreted proteins often start with aspartic acid and proline
Wiker, H. G., Wilson, M. A., & SCHOOLNIK, G. K. (2000). Extracytoplasmic proteins of Mycobacterium tuberculosis - mature secreted proteins often start with aspartic acid and proline. MICROBIOLOGY-SGM, 146, 1525-1533.

The complete genome sequence of Vibrio cholerae: a tale of two chromosomes and of two lifestyles.
Schoolnik, G. K., & Yildiz, F. H. (2000). The complete genome sequence of Vibrio cholerae: a tale of two chromosomes and of two lifestyles. Genome biology, 1(3), REVIEWS1016-?.

Exploring drug-induced alterations in gene expression in Mycobacterium tuberculosis by microarray hybridization
Wilson, W., DeRisi, J., Kristensen, H. H., Imboden, P., Rane, S., & SCHOOLNIK, G. K. (1999). Exploring drug-induced alterations in gene expression in Mycobacterium tuberculosis by microarray hybridization. PROCEEDINGS OF THE NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, 96(22), 12833-12838.

Complete DNA sequence and structural analysis of the enteropathogenic Escherichia coli adherence factor plasmid
Tobe, T., Hayashi, T., Han, C. G., SCHOOLNIK, G. K., Ohtsubo, E., & Sasakawa, C. (1999). Complete DNA sequence and structural analysis of the enteropathogenic Escherichia coli adherence factor plasmid. INFECTION AND IMMUNITY, 67(10), 5455-5462.

A novel chromosomal locus of enteropathogenic Escherichia coli (EPEC), which encodes a bfpT-regulated chaperone-like protein, TrcA, involved in microcolony formation by EPEC
Tobe, T., Tatsuno, I., Katayama, E., Wu, C. Y., SCHOOLNIK, G. K., & Sasakawa, C. (1999). A novel chromosomal locus of enteropathogenic Escherichia coli (EPEC), which encodes a bfpT-regulated chaperone-like protein, TrcA, involved in microcolony formation by EPEC. MOLECULAR MICROBIOLOGY, 33(4), 741-752.

Comparative genomics of BCG vaccines by whole-genome DNA microarray
Behr, M. A., Wilson, M. A., Gill, W. P., Salamon, H., SCHOOLNIK, G. K., & Small, P. M. (1999). Comparative genomics of BCG vaccines by whole-genome DNA microarray. SCIENCE, 284(5419), 1520-1523.

Vibrio cholerae O1 El Tor: Identification of a gene cluster required for the rugose colony type, exopolysaccharide production, chlorine resistance, and biofilm formation
Yildiz, F. H., & Schoolnik, G. K. (1999). Vibrio cholerae O1 El Tor: Identification of a gene cluster required for the rugose colony type, exopolysaccharide production, chlorine resistance, and biofilm formation. PROCEEDINGS OF THE NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, 96(7), 4028-4033.

Type IV pili, transient bacterial aggregates, and virulence of enteropathogenic Escherichia coli
Bieber, D., Ramer, S. W., Wu, C. Y., Murray, W. J., Tobe, T., & Schoolnik, G. K. (1998). Type IV pili, transient bacterial aggregates, and virulence of enteropathogenic Escherichia coli. SCIENCE, 280(5372), 2114-2118.

Construction and characterization of a partial Mycobacterium tuberculosis cDNA library of genes expressed at reduced oxygen tension
Imboden, P., & SCHOOLNIK, G. K. (1998). Construction and characterization of a partial Mycobacterium tuberculosis cDNA library of genes expressed at reduced oxygen tension. GENE, 213(1-2), 107-117.

Role of rpoS in stress survival and virulence of Vibrio cholerae
Yildiz, F. H., & SCHOOLNIK, G. K. (1998). Role of rpoS in stress survival and virulence of Vibrio cholerae. JOURNAL OF BACTERIOLOGY, 180(4), 773-784.

The light organ symbiont Vibrio fischeri possesses two distinct secreted ADP-ribosyltransferases
Reich, K. A., Biegel, T., & SCHOOLNIK, G. K. (1997). The light organ symbiont Vibrio fischeri possesses two distinct secreted ADP-ribosyltransferases. JOURNAL OF BACTERIOLOGY, 179(5), 1591-1597.

Immunogenicity of a fusion protein linking the beta subunit carboxyl terminal peptide (CTP) of human chorionic gonadotropin to the B subunit of Escherichia coli heat labile enterotoxin (LTB)
ROCK, E. P., Reich, K. A., Lyu, D. M., Hovi, M., Hardy, J., & Stevens, V. (1996). Immunogenicity of a fusion protein linking the beta subunit carboxyl terminal peptide (CTP) of human chorionic gonadotropin to the B subunit of Escherichia coli heat labile enterotoxin (LTB). VACCINE, 14(16), 1560-1568.

BfpB, an outer membrane lipoprotein required for the biogenesis of bundle-forming pili in enteropathogenic Escherichia coli
Ramer, S. W., Bieber, D., & SCHOOLNIK, G. K. (1996). BfpB, an outer membrane lipoprotein required for the biogenesis of bundle-forming pili in enteropathogenic Escherichia coli. JOURNAL OF BACTERIOLOGY, 178(22), 6555-6563.

Cloning and characterization of bfpTVW, genes required for the transcriptional activation of bfpA in enteropathogenic Escherichia coli
Tobe, T., SCHOOLNIK, G. K., SOHEL, I., Bustamante, V. H., & Puente, J. L. (1996). Cloning and characterization of bfpTVW, genes required for the transcriptional activation of bfpA in enteropathogenic Escherichia coli. MOLECULAR MICROBIOLOGY, 21(5), 963-975.

Enteropathogenic Escherichia coli: Identification of a gene cluster coding for bundle-forming pilus morphogenesis
SOHEL, I., Puente, J. L., Ramer, S. W., Bieber, D., Wu, C. Y., & SCHOOLNIK, G. K. (1996). Enteropathogenic Escherichia coli: Identification of a gene cluster coding for bundle-forming pilus morphogenesis. JOURNAL OF BACTERIOLOGY, 178(9), 2613-2628.

The bundle-forming pili of enteropathogenic Escherichia coli: Transcriptional regulation by environmental signals
Puente, J. L., Bieber, D., Ramer, S. W., Murray, W., & SCHOOLNIK, G. K. (1996). The bundle-forming pili of enteropathogenic Escherichia coli: Transcriptional regulation by environmental signals. MOLECULAR MICROBIOLOGY, 20(1), 87-100.

Halovibrin, secreted from the light organ symbiont Vibrio fischeri, is a member of a new class of ADP-ribosyltransferases
Reich, K. A., & SCHOOLNIK, G. K. (1996). Halovibrin, secreted from the light organ symbiont Vibrio fischeri, is a member of a new class of ADP-ribosyltransferases. JOURNAL OF BACTERIOLOGY, 178(1), 209-215.

DELIVERY OF CLASS-I AND CLASS-II MHC-RESTRICTED T-CELL EPITOPES OF LISTERIOLYSIN OF LISTERIA-MONOCYTOGENES BY ATTENUATED SALMONELLA
Verma, N. K., Ziegler, H. K., Wilson, M., Khan, M., Safley, S., & SCHOOLNIK, G. K. (1995). DELIVERY OF CLASS-I AND CLASS-II MHC-RESTRICTED T-CELL EPITOPES OF LISTERIOLYSIN OF LISTERIA-MONOCYTOGENES BY ATTENUATED SALMONELLA. VACCINE, 13(2), 142-150.

INDUCTION OF A CELLULAR IMMUNE-RESPONSE TO A DEFINED T-CELL EPITOPE AS AN INSERT IN THE FLAGELLIN OF A LIVE VACCINE STRAIN OF SALMONELLA
Verma, N. K., Ziegler, H. K., STOCKER, B. Ad., & SCHOOLNIK, G. K. (1995). INDUCTION OF A CELLULAR IMMUNE-RESPONSE TO A DEFINED T-CELL EPITOPE AS AN INSERT IN THE FLAGELLIN OF A LIVE VACCINE STRAIN OF SALMONELLA. VACCINE, 13(3), 235-244.

TEMPORAL TRENDS AND TRANSMISSION PATTERNS DURING THE EMERGENCE OF MULTIDRUG-RESISTANT TUBERCULOSIS IN NEW-YORK-CITY - A MOLECULAR EPIDEMIOLOGIC ASSESSMENT
Shafer, R. W., Small, P. M., Larkin, C., Singh, S. P., Kelly, P., & Chirgwin, K. D. (1995). TEMPORAL TRENDS AND TRANSMISSION PATTERNS DURING THE EMERGENCE OF MULTIDRUG-RESISTANT TUBERCULOSIS IN NEW-YORK-CITY - A MOLECULAR EPIDEMIOLOGIC ASSESSMENT. JOURNAL OF INFECTIOUS DISEASES, 171(1), 170-176.

FLAGELLAR SEROTYPES OF SALMONELLA-TYPHI IN INDONESIA - RELATIONSHIPS AMONG MOTILITY, INVASIVENESS, AND CLINICAL ILLNESS
Grossman, D. A., WITHAM, N. D., Burr, D. H., Lesmana, M., Rubin, F. A., & Parsonnet, J. (1995). FLAGELLAR SEROTYPES OF SALMONELLA-TYPHI IN INDONESIA - RELATIONSHIPS AMONG MOTILITY, INVASIVENESS, AND CLINICAL ILLNESS. JOURNAL OF INFECTIOUS DISEASES, 171(1), 212-216.

INDUCTION OF HEAT-STABLE ENTEROTOXIN RECEPTOR ACTIVITY BY A HUMAN ALU REPEAT
Almenoff, J. S., Jurka, J., & SCHOOLNIK, G. K. (1994). INDUCTION OF HEAT-STABLE ENTEROTOXIN RECEPTOR ACTIVITY BY A HUMAN ALU REPEAT. JOURNAL OF BIOLOGICAL CHEMISTRY, 269(24), 16610-16617.

THE EPIDEMIOLOGY OF TUBERCULOSIS IN SAN-FRANCISCO - A POPULATION-BASED STUDY USING CONVENTIONAL AND MOLECULAR METHODS
Small, P. M., Hopewell, P. C., Singh, S. P., Paz, A., Parsonnet, J., & SCHOOLNIK, G. K. (1994). THE EPIDEMIOLOGY OF TUBERCULOSIS IN SAN-FRANCISCO - A POPULATION-BASED STUDY USING CONVENTIONAL AND MOLECULAR METHODS. NEW ENGLAND JOURNAL OF MEDICINE, 330(24), 1703-1709.

THE LIGHT ORGAN SYMBIONT VIBRIO-FISCHERI POSSESSES A HOMOLOG OF THE VIBRIO-CHOLERAE TRANSMEMBRANE TRANSCRIPTIONAL ACTIVATOR TOXR
Reich, K. A., & SCHOOLNIK, G. K. (1994). THE LIGHT ORGAN SYMBIONT VIBRIO-FISCHERI POSSESSES A HOMOLOG OF THE VIBRIO-CHOLERAE TRANSMEMBRANE TRANSCRIPTIONAL ACTIVATOR TOXR. JOURNAL OF BACTERIOLOGY, 176(10), 3085-3088.

PURIFICATION OF SOMATIC PILI
SCHOOLNIK, G. K. (1994). PURIFICATION OF SOMATIC PILI. BACTERIAL PATHOGENESIS, PT B, 236, 271-282.

CHARACTERIZATION OF FIMBRIAE PRODUCED BY ENTEROPATHOGENIC ESCHERICHIA-COLI
Giron, J. A., HO, A. Sy., & SCHOOLNIK, G. K. (1993). CHARACTERIZATION OF FIMBRIAE PRODUCED BY ENTEROPATHOGENIC ESCHERICHIA-COLI. JOURNAL OF BACTERIOLOGY, 175(22), 7391-7403.

VARIABILITY OF HUMAN PAPILLOMAVIRUS DNA TESTING IN A LONGITUDINAL COHORT OF YOUNG-WOMEN
Moscicki, A. B., Palefsky, J., Smith, G., SIBOSHSKI, S., & SCHOOLNIK, G. (1993). VARIABILITY OF HUMAN PAPILLOMAVIRUS DNA TESTING IN A LONGITUDINAL COHORT OF YOUNG-WOMEN. OBSTETRICS AND GYNECOLOGY, 82(4), 578-585.

INTIMIN AND THE INTIMATE ATTACHMENT OF BACTERIA TO HUMAN-CELLS
SCHOOLNIK, G. K. (1993). INTIMIN AND THE INTIMATE ATTACHMENT OF BACTERIA TO HUMAN-CELLS. JOURNAL OF CLINICAL INVESTIGATION, 92(3), 1117-1118.

MOLECULAR STRAIN TYPING OF MYCOBACTERIUM-TUBERCULOSIS TO CONFIRM CROSS-CONTAMINATION IN THE MYCOBACTERIOLOGY LABORATORY AND MODIFICATION OF PROCEDURES TO MINIMIZE OCCURRENCE OF FALSE-POSITIVE CULTURES
Small, P. M., McClenny, N. B., Singh, S. P., SCHOOLNIK, G. K., Tompkins, L. S., & Mickelsen, P. A. (1993). MOLECULAR STRAIN TYPING OF MYCOBACTERIUM-TUBERCULOSIS TO CONFIRM CROSS-CONTAMINATION IN THE MYCOBACTERIOLOGY LABORATORY AND MODIFICATION OF PROCEDURES TO MINIMIZE OCCURRENCE OF FALSE-POSITIVE CULTURES. JOURNAL OF CLINICAL MICROBIOLOGY, 31(7), 1677-1682.

LIGAND-BASED HISTOCHEMICAL-LOCALIZATION AND CAPTURE OF CELLS EXPRESSING HEAT-STABLE ENTEROTOXIN RECEPTORS
Almenoff, J. S., Williams, S. I., Scheving, L. A., Judd, A. K., & SCHOOLNIK, G. K. (1993). LIGAND-BASED HISTOCHEMICAL-LOCALIZATION AND CAPTURE OF CELLS EXPRESSING HEAT-STABLE ENTEROTOXIN RECEPTORS. MOLECULAR MICROBIOLOGY, 8(5), 865-873.

EXOGENOUS REINFECTION WITH MULTIDRUG-RESISTANT MYCOBACTERIUM-TUBERCULOSIS IN PATIENTS WITH ADVANCED HIV-INFECTION
Small, P. M., Shafer, R. W., Hopewell, P. C., Singh, S. P., MURPHY, M. J., & SCHOOLNIK, G. K. (1993). EXOGENOUS REINFECTION WITH MULTIDRUG-RESISTANT MYCOBACTERIUM-TUBERCULOSIS IN PATIENTS WITH ADVANCED HIV-INFECTION. NEW ENGLAND JOURNAL OF MEDICINE, 328(16), 1137-1144.

CLONING AND CHARACTERIZATION OF THE BUNDLE-FORMING PILIN GENE OF ENTEROPATHOGENIC ESCHERICHIA-COLI AND ITS DISTRIBUTION IN SALMONELLA SEROTYPES
SOHEL, I., Puente, J. L., Murray, W. J., VUOPIOVARKILA, J., & SCHOOLNIK, G. K. (1993). CLONING AND CHARACTERIZATION OF THE BUNDLE-FORMING PILIN GENE OF ENTEROPATHOGENIC ESCHERICHIA-COLI AND ITS DISTRIBUTION IN SALMONELLA SEROTYPES. MOLECULAR MICROBIOLOGY, 7(4), 563-575.

INFECTION-RATES, DISEASE FREQUENCY, PILIN GENE REARRANGEMENT, AND PILIN EXPRESSION IN CALVES INOCULATED WITH MORAXELLA-BOVIS PILIN-SPECIFIC ISOGENIC VARIANTS
Ruehl, W. W., Marrs, C. F., George, L., BANKS, S. Jm., & SCHOOLNIK, G. K. (1993). INFECTION-RATES, DISEASE FREQUENCY, PILIN GENE REARRANGEMENT, AND PILIN EXPRESSION IN CALVES INOCULATED WITH MORAXELLA-BOVIS PILIN-SPECIFIC ISOGENIC VARIANTS. AMERICAN JOURNAL OF VETERINARY RESEARCH, 54(2), 248-253.

COLPOSCOPIC AND HISTOLOGIC-FINDINGS AND HUMAN PAPILLOMAVIRUS (HPV) DNA TEST VARIABILITY IN YOUNG-WOMEN POSITIVE FOR HPV DNA
Moscicki, A. B., Palefsky, J. M., Gonzales, J., Smith, G., & SCHOOLNIK, G. K. (1992). COLPOSCOPIC AND HISTOLOGIC-FINDINGS AND HUMAN PAPILLOMAVIRUS (HPV) DNA TEST VARIABILITY IN YOUNG-WOMEN POSITIVE FOR HPV DNA. JOURNAL OF INFECTIOUS DISEASES, 166(5), 951-957.

CLONING AND CHARACTERIZATION OF FXP, THE FLEXIBLE PILIN GENE OF AEROMONAS-HYDROPHILA
HO, A. Sy., SOHEL, I., & SCHOOLNIK, G. K. (1992). CLONING AND CHARACTERIZATION OF FXP, THE FLEXIBLE PILIN GENE OF AEROMONAS-HYDROPHILA. MOLECULAR MICROBIOLOGY, 6(18), 2725-2732.

MONOPHASIC AND BIPHASIC SALMONELLA-TYPHI - GENETIC HOMOGENEITY AND DISTINGUISHING CHARACTERISTICS
MOSHITCH, S., Doll, L., RUBINFELD, B. Z., STOCKER, B. Ad., SCHOOLNIK, G. K., & Frankel, G. (1992). MONOPHASIC AND BIPHASIC SALMONELLA-TYPHI - GENETIC HOMOGENEITY AND DISTINGUISHING CHARACTERISTICS. MOLECULAR MICROBIOLOGY, 6(18), 2589-2597.

AN OUTBREAK OF TUBERCULOSIS WITH ACCELERATED PROGRESSION AMONG PERSONS INFECTED WITH THE HUMAN-IMMUNODEFICIENCY-VIRUS - AN ANALYSIS USING RESTRICTION-FRAGMENT-LENGTH-POLYMORPHISMS
Daley, C. L., Small, P. M., Schecter, G. F., SCHOOLNIK, G. K., McAdam, R. A., & Hopewell, P. C. (1992). AN OUTBREAK OF TUBERCULOSIS WITH ACCELERATED PROGRESSION AMONG PERSONS INFECTED WITH THE HUMAN-IMMUNODEFICIENCY-VIRUS - AN ANALYSIS USING RESTRICTION-FRAGMENT-LENGTH-POLYMORPHISMS. NEW ENGLAND JOURNAL OF MEDICINE, 326(4), 231-235.

THE INVASIN PROTEIN OF YERSINIA-ENTEROCOLITICA - INTERNALIZATION OF INVASIN-BEARING BACTERIA BY EUKARYOTIC CELLS IS ASSOCIATED WITH REORGANIZATION OF THE CYTOSKELETON
YOUNG, V. B., FALKOW, S., & SCHOOLNIK, G. K. (1992). THE INVASIN PROTEIN OF YERSINIA-ENTEROCOLITICA - INTERNALIZATION OF INVASIN-BEARING BACTERIA BY EUKARYOTIC CELLS IS ASSOCIATED WITH REORGANIZATION OF THE CYTOSKELETON. JOURNAL OF CELL BIOLOGY, 116(1), 197-207.

AN INDUCIBLE BUNDLE-FORMING PILUS OF ENTEROPATHOGENIC ESCHERICHIA-COLI
Giron, J. A., HO, A. Sy., & SCHOOLNIK, G. K. (1991). AN INDUCIBLE BUNDLE-FORMING PILUS OF ENTEROPATHOGENIC ESCHERICHIA-COLI. SCIENCE, 254(5032), 710-713.

LOCALIZED ADHERENCE BY ENTEROPATHOGENIC ESCHERICHIA-COLI IS AN INDUCIBLE PHENOTYPE ASSOCIATED WITH THE EXPRESSION OF NEW OUTER-MEMBRANE PROTEINS
VUOPIOVARKILA, J., & SCHOOLNIK, G. K. (1991). LOCALIZED ADHERENCE BY ENTEROPATHOGENIC ESCHERICHIA-COLI IS AN INDUCIBLE PHENOTYPE ASSOCIATED WITH THE EXPRESSION OF NEW OUTER-MEMBRANE PROTEINS. JOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL MEDICINE, 174(5), 1167-1177.

THE ASSOCIATION BETWEEN HUMAN PAPILLOMAVIRUS DEOXYRIBONUCLEIC-ACID STATUS AND THE RESULTS OF CYTOLOGIC RESCREENING TESTS IN YOUNG, SEXUALLY ACTIVE WOMEN
Moscicki, A. B., Palefsky, J. M., Gonzales, J., & SCHOOLNIK, G. K. (1991). THE ASSOCIATION BETWEEN HUMAN PAPILLOMAVIRUS DEOXYRIBONUCLEIC-ACID STATUS AND THE RESULTS OF CYTOLOGIC RESCREENING TESTS IN YOUNG, SEXUALLY ACTIVE WOMEN. AMERICAN JOURNAL OF OBSTETRICS AND GYNECOLOGY, 165(1), 67-71.

LOCALIZATION OF THE RECEPTOR-BINDING REGION OF CLOSTRIDIUM-PERFRINGENS ENTEROTOXIN UTILIZING CLONED TOXIN FRAGMENTS AND SYNTHETIC PEPTIDES - THE 30 C-TERMINAL AMINO-ACIDS DEFINE A FUNCTIONAL BINDING REGION
Hanna, P. C., Mietzner, T. A., SCHOOLNIK, G. K., & McClane, B. A. (1991). LOCALIZATION OF THE RECEPTOR-BINDING REGION OF CLOSTRIDIUM-PERFRINGENS ENTEROTOXIN UTILIZING CLONED TOXIN FRAGMENTS AND SYNTHETIC PEPTIDES - THE 30 C-TERMINAL AMINO-ACIDS DEFINE A FUNCTIONAL BINDING REGION. JOURNAL OF BIOLOGICAL CHEMISTRY, 266(17), 11037-11043.

CHARACTERIZATION OF INVIVO EXPRESSION OF THE HUMAN PAPILLOMAVIRUS TYPE-16 E4 PROTEIN IN CERVICAL BIOPSY TISSUES
Palefsky, J. M., WINKLER, B., RABANUS, J. P., Clark, C., Chan, S., & SCHOOLNIK, G. K. (1991). CHARACTERIZATION OF INVIVO EXPRESSION OF THE HUMAN PAPILLOMAVIRUS TYPE-16 E4 PROTEIN IN CERVICAL BIOPSY TISSUES. JOURNAL OF CLINICAL INVESTIGATION, 87(6), 2132-2141.

Applications and transfer of technology to the nations of the South. Biotechnology and the control of childhood enteric infections.
SCHOOLNIK, G. K. (1991). Applications and transfer of technology to the nations of the South. Biotechnology and the control of childhood enteric infections. Infectious disease clinics of North America, 5(2), 265-275.

HUMAN PAPILLOMAVIRUS INFECTION IN SEXUALLY ACTIVE ADOLESCENT FEMALES - PREVALENCE AND RISK-FACTORS
Moscicki, A. B., Palefsky, J., Gonzales, J., & SCHOOLNIK, G. K. (1990). HUMAN PAPILLOMAVIRUS INFECTION IN SEXUALLY ACTIVE ADOLESCENT FEMALES - PREVALENCE AND RISK-FACTORS. PEDIATRIC RESEARCH, 28(5), 507-513.

HELA-CELL INVASION BY A STRAIN OF ENTEROPATHOGENIC ESCHERICHIA-COLI THAT LACKS THE O-ANTIGENIC POLYSACCHARIDE
Riley, L. W., JUNIO, L. N., & SCHOOLNIK, G. K. (1990). HELA-CELL INVASION BY A STRAIN OF ENTEROPATHOGENIC ESCHERICHIA-COLI THAT LACKS THE O-ANTIGENIC POLYSACCHARIDE. MOLECULAR MICROBIOLOGY, 4(10), 1661-1666.

THE PILI OF AEROMONAS-HYDROPHILA - IDENTIFICATION OF AN ENVIRONMENTALLY REGULATED MINI PILIN
HO, A. Sy., Mietzner, T. A., SMITH, A. J., & SCHOOLNIK, G. K. (1990). THE PILI OF AEROMONAS-HYDROPHILA - IDENTIFICATION OF AN ENVIRONMENTALLY REGULATED MINI PILIN. JOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL MEDICINE, 172(3), 795-806.

SEQUENCE, LOCALIZATION AND FUNCTION OF THE INVASIN PROTEIN OF YERSINIA-ENTEROCOLITICA
YOUNG, V. B., MILLER, V. L., FALKOW, S., & SCHOOLNIK, G. K. (1990). SEQUENCE, LOCALIZATION AND FUNCTION OF THE INVASIN PROTEIN OF YERSINIA-ENTEROCOLITICA. MOLECULAR MICROBIOLOGY, 4(7), 1119-1128.

DETECTION OF SHIGELLA IN FECES USING DNA AMPLIFICATION
Frankel, G., Riley, L., Giron, J. A., VALMASSOI, J., Friedmann, A., & SCHOOLNIK, G. K. (1990). DETECTION OF SHIGELLA IN FECES USING DNA AMPLIFICATION. JOURNAL OF INFECTIOUS DISEASES, 161(6), 1252-1256.

[Risk factors for acute infantile diarrhea in a rural community in Chiapas, Mexico. A strategy for intervention].
Riley, L. W., Castro Muñoz, E., Zárate, R. J., SIBLEY, B., Keller, J., & SCHOOLNIK, G. K. (1990). [Risk factors for acute infantile diarrhea in a rural community in Chiapas, Mexico. A strategy for intervention]. Boletín de la Oficina Sanitaria Panamericana. Pan American Sanitary Bureau, 108(2), 93-99.

Peptides: chemistry, biology, and pharmacology.
Judd, A. K., & SCHOOLNIK, G. K. (1990). Peptides: chemistry, biology, and pharmacology. Advances in pharmacology (San Diego, Calif.), 21, 221-285.

Risk factors for acute childhood diarrhea in the highlands of Chiapas, Mexico: a strategy for intervention.
Riley, L. W., Castro Muñoz, E., Zárate, R. J., SIBLEY, B., Keller, J., & SCHOOLNIK, G. K. (1990). Risk factors for acute childhood diarrhea in the highlands of Chiapas, Mexico: a strategy for intervention. Bulletin of the Pan American Health Organization, 24(2), 210-216.

MULTIPLE T-CELL AND B-CELL EPITOPES IN THE S1 SUBUNIT (A-MONOMER) OF THE PERTUSSIS TOXIN MOLECULE
Oksenberg, J. R., Ko, C., Judd, A. K., Lim, M., Kent, A., & Steinman, L. (1989). MULTIPLE T-CELL AND B-CELL EPITOPES IN THE S1 SUBUNIT (A-MONOMER) OF THE PERTUSSIS TOXIN MOLECULE. JOURNAL OF IMMUNOLOGY, 143(12), 4227-4231.

MULTI-GENE AMPLIFICATION - SIMULTANEOUS DETECTION OF 3 VIRULENCE GENES IN DIARRHEAL STOOL
Frankel, G., Giron, J. A., VALMASSOI, J., & SCHOOLNIK, G. K. (1989). MULTI-GENE AMPLIFICATION - SIMULTANEOUS DETECTION OF 3 VIRULENCE GENES IN DIARRHEAL STOOL. MOLECULAR MICROBIOLOGY, 3(12), 1729-1734.

INTRAGENIC RECOMBINATION IN A FLAGELLIN GENE - CHARACTERIZATION OF THE H1-J GENE OF SALMONELLA-TYPHI
Frankel, G., Newton, S. Mc., SCHOOLNIK, G. K., & STOCKER, B. Ad. (1989). INTRAGENIC RECOMBINATION IN A FLAGELLIN GENE - CHARACTERIZATION OF THE H1-J GENE OF SALMONELLA-TYPHI. EMBO JOURNAL, 8(10), 3149-3152.

UNIQUE SEQUENCES IN REGION-VI OF THE FLAGELLIN GENE OF SALMONELLA-TYPHI
Frankel, G., Newton, S. Mc., SCHOOLNIK, G. K., & STOCKER, B. Ad. (1989). UNIQUE SEQUENCES IN REGION-VI OF THE FLAGELLIN GENE OF SALMONELLA-TYPHI. MOLECULAR MICROBIOLOGY, 3(10), 1379-1383.

PROBING THE SURFACE OF NEISSERIA-GONORRHOEAE - IMMUNOELECTRON MICROSCOPIC STUDIES TO LOCALIZE CYANOGEN-BROMIDE FRAGMENT-2 IN GONOCOCCAL PILI
Robinson, E. N., Clemens, C. M., SCHOOLNIK, G. K., & McGee, Z. A. (1989). PROBING THE SURFACE OF NEISSERIA-GONORRHOEAE - IMMUNOELECTRON MICROSCOPIC STUDIES TO LOCALIZE CYANOGEN-BROMIDE FRAGMENT-2 IN GONOCOCCAL PILI. MOLECULAR MICROBIOLOGY, 3(1), 57-64.

STRUCTURE-FUNCTION ANALYSIS OF PROTEIN ACTIVE-SITES WITH ANTIIDIOTYPIC ANTIBODY
Ludwig, D. S., & SCHOOLNIK, G. K. (1989). STRUCTURE-FUNCTION ANALYSIS OF PROTEIN ACTIVE-SITES WITH ANTIIDIOTYPIC ANTIBODY. METHODS IN ENZYMOLOGY, 178, 163-171.

MHC-RESTRICTED RECOGNITION OF IMMUNOGENIC T-CELL EPITOPES OF PERTUSSIS TOXIN REVEALS DETERMINANTS IN MAN DISTINCT FROM THE ADP-RIBOSYLASE ACTIVE-SITE
Oksenberg, J. R., Judd, A. K., Ko, C., Lim, M., Fernandez, R., & Steinman, L. (1988). MHC-RESTRICTED RECOGNITION OF IMMUNOGENIC T-CELL EPITOPES OF PERTUSSIS TOXIN REVEALS DETERMINANTS IN MAN DISTINCT FROM THE ADP-RIBOSYLASE ACTIVE-SITE. JOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL MEDICINE, 168(5), 1855-1864.

PURIFICATION, CHARACTERIZATION, AND PATHOGENICITY OF MORAXELLA-BOVIS PILI
Ruehl, W. W., Marrs, C. F., Fernandez, R., FALKOW, S., & SCHOOLNIK, G. K. (1988). PURIFICATION, CHARACTERIZATION, AND PATHOGENICITY OF MORAXELLA-BOVIS PILI. JOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL MEDICINE, 168(3), 983-1002.

COMMON EPITOPES OF PILIN OF NEISSERIA-MENINGITIDIS
Stephens, D. S., Whitney, A. M., SCHOOLNIK, G. K., & Zollinger, W. D. (1988). COMMON EPITOPES OF PILIN OF NEISSERIA-MENINGITIDIS. JOURNAL OF INFECTIOUS DISEASES, 158(2), 332-342.

PILIN GENE PHASE VARIATION OF MORAXELLA-BOVIS IS CAUSED BY AN INVERSION OF THE PILIN GENES
Marrs, C. F., Ruehl, W. W., SCHOOLNIK, G. K., & FALKOW, S. (1988). PILIN GENE PHASE VARIATION OF MORAXELLA-BOVIS IS CAUSED BY AN INVERSION OF THE PILIN GENES. JOURNAL OF BACTERIOLOGY, 170(7), 3032-3039.

3-DIMENSIONAL STRUCTURE OF CHOLERA-TOXIN PENETRATING A LIPID-MEMBRANE
RIBI, H. O., Ludwig, D. S., Mercer, K. L., SCHOOLNIK, G. K., & Kornberg, R. D. (1988). 3-DIMENSIONAL STRUCTURE OF CHOLERA-TOXIN PENETRATING A LIPID-MEMBRANE. SCIENCE, 239(4845), 1272-1276.

HIGH-RESOLUTION MAPPING OF SEROVAR-SPECIFIC AND COMMON ANTIGENIC DETERMINANTS OF THE MAJOR OUTER-MEMBRANE PROTEIN OF CHLAMYDIA-TRACHOMATIS
Stephens, R. S., Wagar, E. A., & SCHOOLNIK, G. K. (1988). HIGH-RESOLUTION MAPPING OF SEROVAR-SPECIFIC AND COMMON ANTIGENIC DETERMINANTS OF THE MAJOR OUTER-MEMBRANE PROTEIN OF CHLAMYDIA-TRACHOMATIS. JOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL MEDICINE, 167(3), 817-831.

SYNTHETIC PEPTIDES CORRESPONDING TO PROTECTIVE EPITOPES OF ESCHERICHIA-COLI DIGALACTOSIDE-BINDING PILIN PREVENT INFECTION IN A MURINE PYELONEPHRITIS MODEL
Schmidt, M. A., OHANLEY, P., LARK, D., & SCHOOLNIK, G. K. (1988). SYNTHETIC PEPTIDES CORRESPONDING TO PROTECTIVE EPITOPES OF ESCHERICHIA-COLI DIGALACTOSIDE-BINDING PILIN PREVENT INFECTION IN A MURINE PYELONEPHRITIS MODEL. PROCEEDINGS OF THE NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, 85(4), 1247-1251.

HLA-A2 PEPTIDES CAN REGULATE CYTOLYSIS BY HUMAN ALLOGENEIC LYMPHOCYTES-T
CLAYBERGER, C., Parham, P., Rothbard, J., Ludwig, D. S., SCHOOLNIK, G. K., & KRENSKY, A. M. (1987). HLA-A2 PEPTIDES CAN REGULATE CYTOLYSIS BY HUMAN ALLOGENEIC LYMPHOCYTES-T. NATURE, 330(6150), 763-765.

IMPORTANCE OF DISULFIDE BRIDGES IN THE STRUCTURE AND ACTIVITY OF ESCHERICHIA-COLI ENTERO-TOXIN ST1B
Gariepy, J., Judd, A. K., & SCHOOLNIK, G. K. (1987). IMPORTANCE OF DISULFIDE BRIDGES IN THE STRUCTURE AND ACTIVITY OF ESCHERICHIA-COLI ENTERO-TOXIN ST1B. PROCEEDINGS OF THE NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, 84(24), 8907-8911.

PLASMID-ENCODED EXPRESSION OF LIPOPOLYSACCHARIDE O-ANTIGENIC POLYSACCHARIDE IN ENTEROPATHOGENIC ESCHERICHIA-COLI
Riley, L. W., JUNIO, L. N., LIBAEK, L. B., & SCHOOLNIK, G. K. (1987). PLASMID-ENCODED EXPRESSION OF LIPOPOLYSACCHARIDE O-ANTIGENIC POLYSACCHARIDE IN ENTEROPATHOGENIC ESCHERICHIA-COLI. INFECTION AND IMMUNITY, 55(9), 2052-2056.

ANTIRECEPTOR ANTIBODIES DESIGNED TO ELICIT INTERNAL IMAGE-BEARING ANTIIDIOTYPES - A POSSIBLE AIDS VACCINE
Ludwig, D. S., & SCHOOLNIK, G. K. (1987). ANTIRECEPTOR ANTIBODIES DESIGNED TO ELICIT INTERNAL IMAGE-BEARING ANTIIDIOTYPES - A POSSIBLE AIDS VACCINE. MEDICAL HYPOTHESES, 23(3), 303-307.

ANTIIDIOTYPIC ANTIBODIES AS PROBES OF PROTEIN ACTIVE-SITES - APPLICATION TO CHOLERA-TOXIN SUBUNIT-B
Ludwig, D. S., Finkelstein, R. A., Karu, A. E., Dallas, W. S., Ashby, E. R., & SCHOOLNIK, G. K. (1987). ANTIIDIOTYPIC ANTIBODIES AS PROBES OF PROTEIN ACTIVE-SITES - APPLICATION TO CHOLERA-TOXIN SUBUNIT-B. PROCEEDINGS OF THE NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, 84(11), 3673-3677.

PURIFICATION AND CHARACTERIZATION OF THE MAJOR IRON-REGULATED PROTEIN EXPRESSED BY PATHOGENIC NEISSERIAE
Mietzner, T. A., Bolan, G., SCHOOLNIK, G. K., & Morse, S. A. (1987). PURIFICATION AND CHARACTERIZATION OF THE MAJOR IRON-REGULATED PROTEIN EXPRESSED BY PATHOGENIC NEISSERIAE. JOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL MEDICINE, 165(4), 1041-1057.

INHIBITION OF ALLOREACTIVE CYTOTOXIC LYMPHOCYTES-T BY PEPTIDES FROM THE ALPHA-2 DOMAIN OF HLA-A2
Parham, P., CLAYBERGER, C., ZORN, S. L., Ludwig, D. S., SCHOOLNIK, G. K., & KRENSKY, A. M. (1987). INHIBITION OF ALLOREACTIVE CYTOTOXIC LYMPHOCYTES-T BY PEPTIDES FROM THE ALPHA-2 DOMAIN OF HLA-A2. NATURE, 325(6105), 625-628.

CHARACTERIZATION OF THE MAJOR IRON-REGULATED PROTEIN OF NEISSERIA-GONORRHOEAE AND NEISSERIA-MENINGITIS
Morse, S. A., Mietzner, T. A., BOLEN, G., Lefaou, A., & SCHOOLNIK, G. (1987). CHARACTERIZATION OF THE MAJOR IRON-REGULATED PROTEIN OF NEISSERIA-GONORRHOEAE AND NEISSERIA-MENINGITIS. ANTONIE VAN LEEUWENHOEK JOURNAL OF MICROBIOLOGY, 53(6), 465-469.

Uropathogenic Escherichia coli: molecular mechanisms of adherence.
SCHOOLNIK, G. K., O'Hanley, P., LARK, D., Normark, S., Vosti, K., & FALKOW, S. (1987). Uropathogenic Escherichia coli: molecular mechanisms of adherence. Advances in experimental medicine and biology, 224, 53-62.

STRUCTURE OF THE TOXIC DOMAIN OF THE ESCHERICHIA-COLI HEAT-STABLE ENTEROTOXIN ST-I
Gariepy, J., Lane, A., FRAYMAN, F., Wilbur, D., Robien, W., & Jardetzky, O. (1986). STRUCTURE OF THE TOXIC DOMAIN OF THE ESCHERICHIA-COLI HEAT-STABLE ENTEROTOXIN ST-I. BIOCHEMISTRY, 25(24), 7854-7866.

PEPTIDE ANTISERA AS SEQUENCE-SPECIFIC PROBES OF PROTEIN CONFORMATIONAL TRANSITIONS - CALMODULIN EXHIBITS CALCIUM-DEPENDENT CHANGES IN ANTIGENICITY
Gariepy, J., Mietzner, T. A., & SCHOOLNIK, G. K. (1986). PEPTIDE ANTISERA AS SEQUENCE-SPECIFIC PROBES OF PROTEIN CONFORMATIONAL TRANSITIONS - CALMODULIN EXHIBITS CALCIUM-DEPENDENT CHANGES IN ANTIGENICITY. PROCEEDINGS OF THE NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, 83(23), 8888-8892.

TWO-DIMENSIONAL CRYSTALS OF CHOLERA-TOXIN B-SUBUNIT RECEPTOR COMPLEXES - PROJECTED STRUCTURE AT 17-A RESOLUTION
Ludwig, D. S., RIBI, H. O., SCHOOLNIK, G. K., & Kornberg, R. D. (1986). TWO-DIMENSIONAL CRYSTALS OF CHOLERA-TOXIN B-SUBUNIT RECEPTOR COMPLEXES - PROJECTED STRUCTURE AT 17-A RESOLUTION. PROCEEDINGS OF THE NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, 83(22), 8585-8588.

SYNTHETIC PEPTIDES AS NUCLEAR-LOCALIZATION SIGNALS
Goldfarb, D. S., Gariepy, J., SCHOOLNIK, G., & Kornberg, R. D. (1986). SYNTHETIC PEPTIDES AS NUCLEAR-LOCALIZATION SIGNALS. NATURE, 322(6080), 641-644.

CHARACTERIZATION OF THE RECEPTOR FOR HEAT-STABLE ENTEROTOXIN FROM ESCHERICHIA-COLI IN RAT INTESTINE
Kuno, T., Kamisaki, Y., Waldman, S. A., Gariepy, J., SCHOOLNIK, G., & Murad, F. (1986). CHARACTERIZATION OF THE RECEPTOR FOR HEAT-STABLE ENTEROTOXIN FROM ESCHERICHIA-COLI IN RAT INTESTINE. JOURNAL OF BIOLOGICAL CHEMISTRY, 261(3), 1470-1476.

Synthetic peptides protect against infection in a model of experimental pyelonephritis in mice.
Schmidt, M. A., O'Hanley, P., & SCHOOLNIK, G. K. (1986). Synthetic peptides protect against infection in a model of experimental pyelonephritis in mice. Annali Sclavo. Collana monografica, 3(1-2), 389-398.

DESIGN OF A PHOTOREACTIVE ANALOG OF THE ESCHERICHIA-COLI HEAT-STABLE ENTEROTOXIN STIB - USE IN IDENTIFYING ITS RECEPTOR ON RAT BRUSH-BORDER MEMBRANES
Gariepy, J., & SCHOOLNIK, G. K. (1986). DESIGN OF A PHOTOREACTIVE ANALOG OF THE ESCHERICHIA-COLI HEAT-STABLE ENTEROTOXIN STIB - USE IN IDENTIFYING ITS RECEPTOR ON RAT BRUSH-BORDER MEMBRANES. PROCEEDINGS OF THE NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, 83(2), 483-487.

INTESTINAL RECEPTOR FOR HEAT-STABLE ENTEROTOXIN OF ESCHERICHIA-COLI IS TIGHTLY COUPLED TO A NOVEL FORM OF PARTICULATE GUANYLATE-CYCLASE
Waldman, S. A., Kuno, T., Kamisaki, Y., Chang, L. Y., Gariepy, J., & Murad, F. (1986). INTESTINAL RECEPTOR FOR HEAT-STABLE ENTEROTOXIN OF ESCHERICHIA-COLI IS TIGHTLY COUPLED TO A NOVEL FORM OF PARTICULATE GUANYLATE-CYCLASE. INFECTION AND IMMUNITY, 51(1), 320-326.

Chemical and immunochemical studies on the receptor binding domain of cholera toxin B subunit.
Ludwig, D. S., Holmes, R. K., & SCHOOLNIK, G. K. (1985). Chemical and immunochemical studies on the receptor binding domain of cholera toxin B subunit. journal of biological chemistry, 260(23), 12528-12534.

T-CELL ACTIVATION BY PEPTIDE ANTIGEN - EFFECT OF PEPTIDE SEQUENCE AND METHOD OF ANTIGEN PRESENTATION
Watts, T. H., Gariepy, J., SCHOOLNIK, G. K., & McConnell, H. M. (1985). T-CELL ACTIVATION BY PEPTIDE ANTIGEN - EFFECT OF PEPTIDE SEQUENCE AND METHOD OF ANTIGEN PRESENTATION. PROCEEDINGS OF THE NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, 82(16), 5480-5484.

THE PRIMARY SEQUENCE AND ANTIGENIC STRUCTURE OF GONOCOCCAL PILIN - APPROACHES TOWARDS A GONOCOCCAL VACCINE
Rothbard, J. B., & SCHOOLNIK, G. K. (1985). THE PRIMARY SEQUENCE AND ANTIGENIC STRUCTURE OF GONOCOCCAL PILIN - APPROACHES TOWARDS A GONOCOCCAL VACCINE. ADVANCES IN EXPERIMENTAL MEDICINE AND BIOLOGY, 185, 247-273.

AFA-I, A CLONED AFIMBRIAL X-TYPE ADHESIN FROM A HUMAN PYELONEPHRITIC ESCHERICHIA-COLI STRAIN - PURIFICATION AND CHEMICAL, FUNCTIONAL AND SEROLOGIC CHARACTERIZATION
Walz, W., Schmidt, M. A., LABIGNEROUSSEL, A. F., FALKOW, S., & SCHOOLNIK, G. (1985). AFA-I, A CLONED AFIMBRIAL X-TYPE ADHESIN FROM A HUMAN PYELONEPHRITIC ESCHERICHIA-COLI STRAIN - PURIFICATION AND CHEMICAL, FUNCTIONAL AND SEROLOGIC CHARACTERIZATION. EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF BIOCHEMISTRY, 152(2), 315-321.

GAL-GAL BINDING AND HEMOLYSIN PHENOTYPES AND GENOTYPES ASSOCIATED WITH UROPATHOGENIC ESCHERICHIA-COLI
OHANLEY, P., Low, D., Romero, I., LARK, D., Vosti, K., & SCHOOLNIK, G. (1985). GAL-GAL BINDING AND HEMOLYSIN PHENOTYPES AND GENOTYPES ASSOCIATED WITH UROPATHOGENIC ESCHERICHIA-COLI. NEW ENGLAND JOURNAL OF MEDICINE, 313(7), 414-420.

CLONING AND SEQUENCING OF A MORAXELLA-BOVIS PILIN GENE
Marrs, C. F., SCHOOLNIK, G., Koomey, J. M., Hardy, J., Rothbard, J., & FALKOW, S. (1985). CLONING AND SEQUENCING OF A MORAXELLA-BOVIS PILIN GENE. JOURNAL OF BACTERIOLOGY, 163(1), 132-139.

PILI OF NEISSERIA-MENINGITIDIS - ANALYSIS OF STRUCTURE AND INVESTIGATION OF STRUCTURAL AND ANTIGENIC RELATIONSHIPS TO GONOCOCCAL PILI
Stephens, D. S., Whitney, A. M., Rothbard, J., & SCHOOLNIK, G. K. (1985). PILI OF NEISSERIA-MENINGITIDIS - ANALYSIS OF STRUCTURE AND INVESTIGATION OF STRUCTURAL AND ANTIGENIC RELATIONSHIPS TO GONOCOCCAL PILI. JOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL MEDICINE, 161(6), 1539-1553.

ANTIBODY-RESPONSE IN HUMAN NOCARDIOSIS - IDENTIFICATION OF 2 IMMUNODOMINANT CULTURE-FILTRATE ANTIGENS DERIVED FROM NOCARDIA-ASTEROIDES
Sugar, A. M., SCHOOLNIK, G. K., & Stevens, D. A. (1985). ANTIBODY-RESPONSE IN HUMAN NOCARDIOSIS - IDENTIFICATION OF 2 IMMUNODOMINANT CULTURE-FILTRATE ANTIGENS DERIVED FROM NOCARDIA-ASTEROIDES. JOURNAL OF INFECTIOUS DISEASES, 151(5), 895-901.

EXPRESSION OF THE L11 NEUROPEPTIDE GENE IN THE APLYSIA CENTRAL NERVOUS-SYSTEM
Taussig, R., KALDANY, R. R., Rothbard, J. B., SCHOOLNIK, G., & Scheller, R. H. (1985). EXPRESSION OF THE L11 NEUROPEPTIDE GENE IN THE APLYSIA CENTRAL NERVOUS-SYSTEM. JOURNAL OF COMPARATIVE NEUROLOGY, 238(1), 53-64.

ANTIBODIES TO PEPTIDES CORRESPONDING TO A CONSERVED SEQUENCE OF GONOCOCCAL PILINS BLOCK BACTERIAL ADHESION
Rothbard, J. B., Fernandez, R., Wang, L., Teng, N. Nh., & SCHOOLNIK, G. K. (1985). ANTIBODIES TO PEPTIDES CORRESPONDING TO A CONSERVED SEQUENCE OF GONOCOCCAL PILINS BLOCK BACTERIAL ADHESION. PROCEEDINGS OF THE NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, 82(3), 915-919.

PURIFICATION AND CHARACTERIZATION OF HEMOPHILUS-INFLUENZAE PILI, AND THEIR STRUCTURAL AND SEROLOGICAL RELATEDNESS TO ESCHERICHIA-COLI P AND MANNOSE-SENSITIVE PILI
Guerina, N. G., Langermann, S., SCHOOLNIK, G. K., KESSLER, T. W., & GOLDMANN, D. A. (1985). PURIFICATION AND CHARACTERIZATION OF HEMOPHILUS-INFLUENZAE PILI, AND THEIR STRUCTURAL AND SEROLOGICAL RELATEDNESS TO ESCHERICHIA-COLI P AND MANNOSE-SENSITIVE PILI. JOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL MEDICINE, 161(1), 145-159.

GAL-GAL PYELONEPHRITIS ESCHERICHIA-COLI PILI LINEAR IMMUNOGENIC AND ANTIGENIC EPITOPES
Schmidt, M. A., OHANLEY, P., & SCHOOLNIK, G. K. (1985). GAL-GAL PYELONEPHRITIS ESCHERICHIA-COLI PILI LINEAR IMMUNOGENIC AND ANTIGENIC EPITOPES. JOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL MEDICINE, 161(4), 705-717.

ANTIBODY-ANTIGEN SPECIFICITY IN THE IMMUNE-RESPONSE TO INFECTION WITH NEISSERIA-GONORRHOEAE
Lammel, C. J., Sweet, R. L., Rice, P. A., Knapp, J. S., SCHOOLNIK, G. K., & Brooks, G. F. (1985). ANTIBODY-ANTIGEN SPECIFICITY IN THE IMMUNE-RESPONSE TO INFECTION WITH NEISSERIA-GONORRHOEAE. JOURNAL OF INFECTIOUS DISEASES, 152(5), 990-1001.

MOLECULAR-BASIS OF ESCHERICHIA-COLI COLONIZATION OF THE UPPER URINARY-TRACT IN BALB/C MICE - GAL-GAL PILI IMMUNIZATION PREVENTS ESCHERICHIA-COLI PYELONEPHRITIS IN THE BALB/C MOUSE MODEL OF HUMAN PYELONEPHRITIS
OHANLEY, P., LARK, D., FALKOW, S., & SCHOOLNIK, G. (1985). MOLECULAR-BASIS OF ESCHERICHIA-COLI COLONIZATION OF THE UPPER URINARY-TRACT IN BALB/C MICE - GAL-GAL PILI IMMUNIZATION PREVENTS ESCHERICHIA-COLI PYELONEPHRITIS IN THE BALB/C MOUSE MODEL OF HUMAN PYELONEPHRITIS. JOURNAL OF CLINICAL INVESTIGATION, 75(2), 347-360.

ULTRASTRUCTURAL-LOCALIZATION OF SPECIFIC GONOCOCCAL MACROMOLECULES WITH ANTIBODY-GOLD SPHERE IMMUNOLOGICAL PROBES
Robinson, E. N., McGee, Z. A., Kaplan, J., Hammond, M. E., Larson, J. K., & SCHOOLNIK, G. K. (1984). ULTRASTRUCTURAL-LOCALIZATION OF SPECIFIC GONOCOCCAL MACROMOLECULES WITH ANTIBODY-GOLD SPHERE IMMUNOLOGICAL PROBES. INFECTION AND IMMUNITY, 46(2), 361-366.

ALL 8 UNASSIGNED READING FRAMES OF MOUSE MITOCHONDRIAL-DNA ARE EXPRESSED
Michael, N. L., Rothbard, J. B., Shiurba, R. A., LINKE, H. K., SCHOOLNIK, G. K., & Clayton, D. A. (1984). ALL 8 UNASSIGNED READING FRAMES OF MOUSE MITOCHONDRIAL-DNA ARE EXPRESSED. EMBO JOURNAL, 3(13), 3165-3175.

CLONING AND EXPRESSION OF AN AFIMBRIAL ADHESIN (AFA-I) RESPONSIBLE FOR P-BLOOD GROUP-INDEPENDENT, MANNOSE-RESISTANT HEMAGGLUTINATION FROM A PYELONEPHRITIC ESCHERICHIA-COLI STRAIN
LABIGNEROUSSEL, A. F., LARK, D., SCHOOLNIK, G., & FALKOW, S. (1984). CLONING AND EXPRESSION OF AN AFIMBRIAL ADHESIN (AFA-I) RESPONSIBLE FOR P-BLOOD GROUP-INDEPENDENT, MANNOSE-RESISTANT HEMAGGLUTINATION FROM A PYELONEPHRITIC ESCHERICHIA-COLI STRAIN. INFECTION AND IMMUNITY, 46(1), 251-259.

NUCLEOTIDE-SEQUENCE OF THE PAPA-GENE ENCODING THE PAP PILUS SUBUNIT OF HUMAN UROPATHOGENIC ESCHERICHIA-COLI
BAGA, M., Normark, S., Hardy, J., OHANLEY, P., LARK, D., & FALKOW, S. (1984). NUCLEOTIDE-SEQUENCE OF THE PAPA-GENE ENCODING THE PAP PILUS SUBUNIT OF HUMAN UROPATHOGENIC ESCHERICHIA-COLI. JOURNAL OF BACTERIOLOGY, 157(1), 330-333.

ANTIBODIES TO SYNTHETIC PEPTIDES DEFINED BY CDNA CLONING REVEAL A NETWORK OF PEPTIDERGIC NEURONS IN APLYSIA
Kreiner, T., Rothbard, J. B., SCHOOLNIK, G. K., & Scheller, R. H. (1984). ANTIBODIES TO SYNTHETIC PEPTIDES DEFINED BY CDNA CLONING REVEAL A NETWORK OF PEPTIDERGIC NEURONS IN APLYSIA. JOURNAL OF NEUROSCIENCE, 4(10), 2581-2589.

GENE CLUSTERS GOVERNING THE PRODUCTION OF HEMOLYSIN AND MANNOSE-RESISTANT HEMAGGLUTINATION ARE CLOSELY LINKED IN ESCHERICHIA-COLI SEROTYPE-O4 AND O6-ISOLATES FROM URINARY-TRACT INFECTIONS
Low, D., David, V., LARK, D., SCHOOLNIK, G., & FALKOW, S. (1984). GENE CLUSTERS GOVERNING THE PRODUCTION OF HEMOLYSIN AND MANNOSE-RESISTANT HEMAGGLUTINATION ARE CLOSELY LINKED IN ESCHERICHIA-COLI SEROTYPE-O4 AND O6-ISOLATES FROM URINARY-TRACT INFECTIONS. INFECTION AND IMMUNITY, 43(1), 353-358.

STRAIN-SPECIFIC AND COMMON EPITOPES OF GONOCOCCAL PILI
Rothbard, J. B., Fernandez, R., & SCHOOLNIK, G. K. (1984). STRAIN-SPECIFIC AND COMMON EPITOPES OF GONOCOCCAL PILI. JOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL MEDICINE, 160(1), 208-221.

MUTATIONS IN ESCHERICHIA-COLI CISTRONS AFFECTING ADHESION TO HUMAN-CELLS TO NOT ABOLISH PAP PILI FIBER FORMATION
Norgren, M., Normark, S., LARK, D., OHANLEY, P., SCHOOLNIK, G., & Uhlin, B. E. (1984). MUTATIONS IN ESCHERICHIA-COLI CISTRONS AFFECTING ADHESION TO HUMAN-CELLS TO NOT ABOLISH PAP PILI FIBER FORMATION. EMBO JOURNAL, 3(5), 1159-1165.

GONOCOCCAL PILI - PRIMARY STRUCTURE AND RECEPTOR-BINDING DOMAIN
SCHOOLNIK, G. K., Fernandez, R., Tai, J. Y., Rothbard, J., & GOTSCHLICH, E. C. (1984). GONOCOCCAL PILI - PRIMARY STRUCTURE AND RECEPTOR-BINDING DOMAIN. JOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL MEDICINE, 159(5), 1351-1370.

A COMMON ANTIGENIC DETERMINANT FOUND IN 2 FUNCTIONALLY UNRELATED TOXINS
Gariepy, J., OHANLEY, P., Waldman, S. A., Murad, F., & SCHOOLNIK, G. K. (1984). A COMMON ANTIGENIC DETERMINANT FOUND IN 2 FUNCTIONALLY UNRELATED TOXINS. JOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL MEDICINE, 160(4), 1253-1258.

A SIMPLE, SENSITIVE, AND SPECIFIC ASSAY FOR THE HEAT-STABLE ENTERO-TOXIN OF ESCHERICHIA-COLI
Waldman, S. A., OHANLEY, P., FALKOW, S., SCHOOLNIK, G., & Murad, F. (1984). A SIMPLE, SENSITIVE, AND SPECIFIC ASSAY FOR THE HEAT-STABLE ENTERO-TOXIN OF ESCHERICHIA-COLI. JOURNAL OF INFECTIOUS DISEASES, 149(1), 83-89.

ANTIGENIC ANALYSIS OF GONOCOCCAL PILI USING MONOCLONAL-ANTIBODIES
Edwards, M., MCDADE, R. L., SCHOOLNIK, G., Rothbard, J. B., & GOTSCHLICH, E. C. (1984). ANTIGENIC ANALYSIS OF GONOCOCCAL PILI USING MONOCLONAL-ANTIBODIES. JOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL MEDICINE, 160(6), 1782-1791.

GENETICS OF DIGALACTOSIDE-BINDING ADHESIN FROM A UROPATHOGENIC ESCHERICHIA-COLI STRAIN
Normark, S., LARK, D., Hull, R., Norgren, M., BAGA, M., & FALKOW, S. (1983). GENETICS OF DIGALACTOSIDE-BINDING ADHESIN FROM A UROPATHOGENIC ESCHERICHIA-COLI STRAIN. INFECTION AND IMMUNITY, 41(3), 942-949.

MANNOSE-SENSITIVE AND GAL-GAL BINDING ESCHERICHIA-COLI PILI FROM RECOMBINANT STRAINS - CHEMICAL, FUNCTIONAL, AND SEROLOGICAL PROPERTIES
OHANLEY, P., LARK, D., Normark, S., FALKOW, S., & SCHOOLNIK, G. K. (1983). MANNOSE-SENSITIVE AND GAL-GAL BINDING ESCHERICHIA-COLI PILI FROM RECOMBINANT STRAINS - CHEMICAL, FUNCTIONAL, AND SEROLOGICAL PROPERTIES. JOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL MEDICINE, 158(5), 1713-1719.

ASPECTS ON STRUCTURE AND FUNCTION OF PILI ON UROPATHOGENIC ESCHERICHIA-COLI
EDEN, C. S., GOTSCHLICH, E. C., KORHONEN, T. K., Leffler, H., & SCHOOLNIK, G. (1983). ASPECTS ON STRUCTURE AND FUNCTION OF PILI ON UROPATHOGENIC ESCHERICHIA-COLI. PROGRESS IN ALLERGY, 33, 189-202.

A PILUS PEPTIDE VACCINE FOR THE PREVENTION OF GONORRHEA
SCHOOLNIK, G. K., Tai, J. Y., & GOTSCHLICH, E. C. (1983). A PILUS PEPTIDE VACCINE FOR THE PREVENTION OF GONORRHEA. PROGRESS IN ALLERGY, 33, 314-331.

INHIBITION OF EXPERIMENTAL ASCENDING URINARY-TRACT INFECTION BY AN EPITHELIAL CELL-SURFACE RECEPTOR ANALOG
EDEN, C. S., Freter, R., HAGBERG, L., Hull, R., Hull, S., & SCHOOLNIK, G. (1982). INHIBITION OF EXPERIMENTAL ASCENDING URINARY-TRACT INFECTION BY AN EPITHELIAL CELL-SURFACE RECEPTOR ANALOG. NATURE, 298(5874), 560-562.

CHEMICAL AND CLINICAL-STUDIES ON THE INTERACTION OF ESCHERICHIA-COLI WITH HOST GLYCOLIPID RECEPTORS IN URINARY-TRACT INFECTION
Leffler, H., LOMBERG, H., Gotschlich, E., HAGBERG, L., Jodal, U., & SVANBORGEDEN, C. (1982). CHEMICAL AND CLINICAL-STUDIES ON THE INTERACTION OF ESCHERICHIA-COLI WITH HOST GLYCOLIPID RECEPTORS IN URINARY-TRACT INFECTION. SCANDINAVIAN JOURNAL OF INFECTIOUS DISEASES, 46-51.

IMMUNOGLOBULIN CLASS RESPONSIBLE FOR GONOCOCCAL BACTERICIDAL ACTIVITY OF NORMAL HUMAN-SERA
SCHOOLNIK, G. K., Ochs, H. D., & Buchanan, T. M. (1979). IMMUNOGLOBULIN CLASS RESPONSIBLE FOR GONOCOCCAL BACTERICIDAL ACTIVITY OF NORMAL HUMAN-SERA. JOURNAL OF IMMUNOLOGY, 122(5), 1771-1779.

PHENOTYPIC AND EPIDEMIOLOGIC CORRELATES OF AUXOTYPE IN NEISSERIA-GONORRHOEAE
Knapp, J. S., Thornsberry, C., SCHOOLNIK, G. A., WIESNER, P. J., & HOLMES, K. K. (1978). PHENOTYPIC AND EPIDEMIOLOGIC CORRELATES OF AUXOTYPE IN NEISSERIA-GONORRHOEAE. JOURNAL OF INFECTIOUS DISEASES, 138(2), 160-165.

GENETIC STUDIES ON NEISSERIA-GONORRHOEAE FROM DISSEMINATED GONOCOCCAL INFECTIONS
MAYER, L. W., SCHOOLNIK, G. K., & FALKOW, S. (1977). GENETIC STUDIES ON NEISSERIA-GONORRHOEAE FROM DISSEMINATED GONOCOCCAL INFECTIONS. INFECTION AND IMMUNITY, 18(1), 165-172.

PROTECTION AGAINST INFECTION WITH NEISSERIA-GONORRHOEAE BY IMMUNIZATION WITH OUTER MEMBRANE-PROTEIN COMPLEX AND PURIFIED PILI
Buchanan, T. M., Pearce, W. A., SCHOOLNIK, G. K., & ARKO, R. J. (1977). PROTECTION AGAINST INFECTION WITH NEISSERIA-GONORRHOEAE BY IMMUNIZATION WITH OUTER MEMBRANE-PROTEIN COMPLEX AND PURIFIED PILI. JOURNAL OF INFECTIOUS DISEASES, 136, S132-S137.

GONOCOCCI CAUSING DISSEMINATED GONOCOCCAL INFECTION ARE RESISTANT TO BACTERICIDAL ACTION OF NORMAL HUMAN SERA
SCHOOLNIK, G. K., Buchanan, T. M., & HOLMES, K. K. (1976). GONOCOCCI CAUSING DISSEMINATED GONOCOCCAL INFECTION ARE RESISTANT TO BACTERICIDAL ACTION OF NORMAL HUMAN SERA. JOURNAL OF CLINICAL INVESTIGATION, 58(5), 1163-1173.