Notice: Users may be experiencing issues with displaying some pages on stanfordhealthcare.org. We are working closely with our technical teams to resolve the issue as quickly as possible. Thank you for your patience.
We will determine your specific treatment for kidney failure based on the extent of the disease as well as:
Your age, overall health and medical history
Type of kidney disease (acute or chronic)
Underlying cause of the disease
Your tolerance for specific medications, procedures or therapies
Your expectations, opinions and preferences
Chronic Kidney Failure Treatment
Treatment options for chronic kidney failure depend on the degree of kidney function that remains. We may need to hospitalize you in order to properly treat you and monitor your progress. Treatment may include:
Control blood pressure
Help with growth
Prevent bone density loss
Increase urine output (diuretic therapy or medications)
Specific diet restrictions
Intravenous (IV) fluids in large volumes to replace depleted blood volume
Monitoring of important electrolytes such as potassium, sodium and calcium
In some cases, you may develop severe electrolyte disturbances. Since the kidneys aren't functioning normally and eliminating waste products, you may develop toxic levels of waste products. Patients may also develop fluid overload. We may recommend dialysis in these cases. Dialysis is a machine that takes over the function of your kidneys. Learn more about dialysis.
End-Stage Renal Disease (ESRD): Prognosis
People with ESRD are living longer than ever. Though dialysis treatments (both hemodialysis and peritoneal dialysis) are not cures for ESRD, they will help you feel better and live longer.
Over time, ESRD can cause other problems such as bone disease, high blood pressure, nerve damage and anemia (having too few red blood cells). We will discuss prevention methods and treatment options with you.
Clinical trials are research studies that evaluate a new medical approach, device, drug, or other treatment. As a Stanford Health Care patient, you may have access to the latest, advanced clinical trials.
Open trials refer to studies currently accepting participants. Closed trials are not currently enrolling, but may open in the future.