The Cancer Genetics Clinic is part of Stanford's
Cancer Center, a National Cancer Institute-designated center
offering genetic counseling and testing for individuals concerned with
the risk of an inherited cancer predisposition. The clinic staff
includes medical oncologists, genetic counselors, and geneticists.
The human body is made up of cells. For example, when you have a
sunburn your skin peels, and you are shedding skin "cells."
In the center of each cell is an area called the nucleus. Human
chromosomes are located in the nucleus of the cell. A chromosome is a
structure in the nucleus that contains your genes. Your genes
determine your traits, such as eye color and blood type.
How are chromosomes inherited?
The usual number of chromosomes in each cell of your body is 46
total chromosomes, or 23 pairs. You inherit half of your chromosomes
(one member of each pair) from your biological mother, and the other
half (the matching member of each pair) from your biological father.
Scientists have numbered the chromosome pairs from 1 to 22, with the
23rd pair labeled as Xs or Ys, depending on the structure. The first
22 pairs of chromosomes are called "autosomes." The 23rd
pair of chromosomes are known as the "sex chromosomes,"
because they determine whether someone will be born male or female.
Females have two "X" chromosomes, and males have one
"X" and one "Y" chromosome. A picture of all 46
chromosomes, in their pairs, is called a karyotype. A normal female
karyotype is written 46, XX, and a normal male karyotype is written
James Ford, MD, director of the Stanford Cancer Genetics Program, has always been fascinated with figuring out how genetics influences cancer. His interest is in working with families to lower their risk of familial cancer.
This video explains how genetic counselors at Stanford’s Cancer Genetics Clinic help families understand if they have a hereditary cancer syndrome and an elevated risk for colon cancer.
Clinical trials are research studies that evaluate a new medical approach, device, drug, or other treatment. As a Stanford Health Care patient, you may have access to the latest, advanced clinical trials.
Open trials refer to studies currently accepting participants. Closed trials are not currently enrolling, but may open in the future.
See the BRCA
Decision Tool which guides the management of cancer risks for
BRCA1 and BRCA2 mutation carriers.
Please fax the Medical Record Release Form to your new patient
coordinator. The medical release form is an authorization form for
external facilities to release medical records to Stanford Health Care
(formerly Stanford Hospital & Clinics).
Stanford Health Care (formerly Stanford Hospital & Clinics)
provides comprehensive services to refer and track patients, as well
as provides the latest information and news for physicians and office
staff. For help with all referral needs and questions visit Referring Physicians.
HOW TO REFER
Fax a referral form with supporting documentation to 650-320-9443.
Please note, though this form is from Stanford Health Care (formerly
Stanford Hospital & Clinics), it is also used for all Cancer
Track your patients' progress and communicate with Stanford providers