Stanford Cardiac Timeline


Dr. Norman E. Shumway began studying cardiac transplantation, building on his research in total body hypothermia.


Dr. Shumway performed the first human open-heart surgery at the Palo Alto-Stanford Hospital to correct atrial septal defect.


Dr. Shumway designed and executed the operation to replace the aortic valve with the patient's own pulmonary valve in animals (known today as the Ross procedure).


Dr. Shumway and his surgical team performed the first successful adult human heart transplant in the United States.  The first coronary artery bypass surgery was performed at Stanford.


Dr. Bruce Reitz and his surgical team performed the world's first combined adult human heart-lung transplant.


Dr. Philip Oyer performed implantation of the world's first successful use of a ventricular assist device as a bridge to transplantation.


Stanford clinicians were first to use the "domino" heart transplant procedure.


The first living lobar lung transplant was formed in the United States at Stanford.


Stanford's heart-lung transplantation team became the longest continually active team performing heart-lung transplantation in the world.

Our Doctors

Clinical Trials

Clinical trials are research studies that evaluate a new medical approach, device, drug, or other treatment. As a Stanford Health Care patient, you have access to the latest, advanced clinical trials.

Open trials refer to studies currently accepting participants. Closed trials are not currently enrolling, but may open in the future.

For Health Care Professionals

You may make referrals to Stanford with confidence, knowing that your request will be handled immediately and that most of your patients will be admitted for evaluation within 24 to 48 hours.

Referral to Cardiovascular Medicine
Phone: 650-723-6459

Referral to Cardiovascular Surgery:
Phone: 650-724-7500

Referral to Heart Failure & Cardiomyopathy and Heart Transplant Evaluation:
Contact: Valerie Cannon
Phone: 650-723-5468

Track your patients' progress and communicate with Stanford providers securely online.

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