Michael Longaker

Plastic surgeon

Deane P. and Louise Mitchell Professor in the School of Medicine and Professor, by courtesy, of Materials Science and Engineering

Advanced Wound Care Center

  • 450 Broadway Street
  • Redwood City, CA 94063
  • Phone: 650-721-8800
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Professional Education

Board Certification: Plastic Surgery, American Board of Plastic Surgery (1998)

Board Certification: General Surgery, American Board of Surgery (1994)

Residency: UCSF Medical Center (1993) CA

Internship: UCSF Medical Center (1985) CA

Medical Education: Harvard Medical School (1984) MA

Board Recertification, American Board of Sugery, General Sugery (2004)

Board Certification, American Board of Plastic Surgery, Plastic Surgery (1998)

Board Recertification, American Board of Plastic Surgery, Plastic Surgery and Craniomaxillofacial (2009)

Residency: New York University Medical Center (1995) NY

Fellowship: UCLA - School of Medicine (1996) CA

Diabetes irreversibly depletes bone marrow-derived mesenchymal progenitor cell subpopulations.
Januszyk, M., Sorkin, M., Glotzbach, J. P., Vial, I. N., Maan, Z. N., & Gurtner, G. C. (2014). Diabetes irreversibly depletes bone marrow-derived mesenchymal progenitor cell subpopulations. Diabetes, 63(9), 3047-3056.

Adipose-Derived Stem Cells: A Review of Signaling Networks Governing Cell Fate and Regenerative Potential in the Context of Craniofacial and Long Bone Skeletal Repair
Senarath-Yapa, K., McArdle, A., Renda, A., Longaker, M. T., & Quarto, N. (2014). Adipose-Derived Stem Cells: A Review of Signaling Networks Governing Cell Fate and Regenerative Potential in the Context of Craniofacial and Long Bone Skeletal Repair. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF MOLECULAR SCIENCES, 15(6), 9314-9330.

Tracking the Elusive Fibrocyte: Identification and Characterization of Collagen-Producing Hematopoietic Lineage Cells During Murine Wound Healing
Suga, H., Rennert, R. C., Rodrigues, M., Sorkin, M., Glotzbach, J. P., & Gurtner, G. C. (2014). Tracking the Elusive Fibrocyte: Identification and Characterization of Collagen-Producing Hematopoietic Lineage Cells During Murine Wound Healing. STEM CELLS, 32(5), 1347-1360.

Mechanical offloading of incisional wounds is associated with transcriptional downregulation of inflammatory pathways in a large animal model
Januszyk, M., Wong, V. W., Bhatt, K. A., Vial, I. N., Paterno, J., & Gurtner, G. C. (2014). Mechanical offloading of incisional wounds is associated with transcriptional downregulation of inflammatory pathways in a large animal model. ORGANOGENESIS, 10(2), 186-193.

Paracrine Mechanism of Angiogenesis in Adipose-Derived Stem Cell Transplantation
Suga, H., Glotzbach, J. P., Sorkin, M., Longaker, M. T., & Gurtner, G. C. (2014). Paracrine Mechanism of Angiogenesis in Adipose-Derived Stem Cell Transplantation. ANNALS OF PLASTIC SURGERY, 72(2), 234-241.

Molecular analysis and differentiation capacity of adipose-derived stem cells from lymphedema tissue.
Levi, B., Glotzbach, J. P., Sorkin, M., Hyun, J., Januszyk, M., & Gurtner, G. C. (2013). Molecular analysis and differentiation capacity of adipose-derived stem cells from lymphedema tissue. Plastic and reconstructive surgery, 132(3), 580-589.

Enhancing stem cell survival in vivo for tissue repair
Hyun, J. S., Tran, M. C., Wong, V. W., Chung, M. T., Lo, D. D., & Longaker, M. T. (2013). Enhancing stem cell survival in vivo for tissue repair. BIOTECHNOLOGY ADVANCES, 31(5), 736-743.

Absence of Endochondral Ossification and Craniosynostosis in Posterior Frontal Cranial Sutures of Axin2(-/-) Mice
Behr, B., Longaker, M. T., & Quarto, N. (2013). Absence of Endochondral Ossification and Craniosynostosis in Posterior Frontal Cranial Sutures of Axin2(-/-) Mice. PLOS ONE, 8(8).

Clonal precursor of bone, cartilage, and hematopoietic niche stromal cells
Chan, C. Kf., Lindau, P., Jiang, W., Chen, J. Y., Zhang, L. F., & Weissman, I. L. (2013). Clonal precursor of bone, cartilage, and hematopoietic niche stromal cells. PROCEEDINGS OF THE NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, 110(31), 12643-12648.

Wnt3a reestablishes osteogenic capacity to bone grafts from aged animals.
Leucht, P., Jiang, J., Cheng, D., Liu, B., Dhamdhere, G., & Helms, J. A. (2013). Wnt3a reestablishes osteogenic capacity to bone grafts from aged animals. journal of bone and joint surgery. American volume, 95(14), 1278-1288.

Brg1 Governs a Positive Feedback Circuit in the Hair Follicle for Tissue Regeneration and Repair
Xiong, Y., Li, W., Shang, C., Chen, R. M., Han, P., & Chang, C.-P. (2013). Brg1 Governs a Positive Feedback Circuit in the Hair Follicle for Tissue Regeneration and Repair. DEVELOPMENTAL CELL, 25(2), 169-181.

CD90 (Thy-1)-Positive Selection Enhances Osteogenic Capacity of Human Adipose-Derived Stromal Cells
Chung, M. T., Liu, C., Hyun, J. S., Lo, D. D., Montoro, D. T., & Wan, D. C. (2013). CD90 (Thy-1)-Positive Selection Enhances Osteogenic Capacity of Human Adipose-Derived Stromal Cells. TISSUE ENGINEERING PART A, 19(7-8), 989-997.

Evidence That Mast Cells Are Not Required for Healing of Splinted Cutaneous Excisional Wounds in Mice
Nauta, A. C., Grova, M., Montoro, D. T., Zimmermann, A., Tsai, M., & Longaker, M. T. (2013). Evidence That Mast Cells Are Not Required for Healing of Splinted Cutaneous Excisional Wounds in Mice. PLOS ONE, 8(3).

Integration of Multiple Signaling Regulates through Apoptosis the Differential Osteogenic Potential of Neural Crest-Derived and Mesoderm-Derived Osteoblasts
Li, S., Meyer, N. P., Quarto, N., & Longaker, M. T. (2013). Integration of Multiple Signaling Regulates through Apoptosis the Differential Osteogenic Potential of Neural Crest-Derived and Mesoderm-Derived Osteoblasts. PLOS ONE, 8(3).

Micro-Computed Tomography Evaluation of Human Fat Grafts in Nude Mice
Chung, M. T., Hyun, J. S., Lo, D. D., Montoro, D. T., Hasegawa, M., & Wan, D. C. (2013). Micro-Computed Tomography Evaluation of Human Fat Grafts in Nude Mice. TISSUE ENGINEERING PART C-METHODS, 19(3), 227-232.

Primary cilia act as mechanosensors during bone healing around an implant
Leucht, P., Monica, S. D., Temiyasathit, S., Lenton, K., Manu, A., & Helms, J. A. (2013). Primary cilia act as mechanosensors during bone healing around an implant. MEDICAL ENGINEERING & PHYSICS, 35(3), 392-402.

Integration of Multiple Signaling Pathways Determines Differences in the Osteogenic Potential and Tissue Regeneration of Neural Crest-Derived and Mesoderm-Derived Calvarial Bone
Senarath-Yapa, K., Li, S., Meyer, N. P., Longaker, M. T., & Quarto, N. (2013). Integration of Multiple Signaling Pathways Determines Differences in the Osteogenic Potential and Tissue Regeneration of Neural Crest-Derived and Mesoderm-Derived Calvarial Bone. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF MOLECULAR SCIENCES, 14(3), 5978-5997.

Commentary on the differential healing capacity of calvarial bone.
Lo, D. D., McArdle, A., Senarath-Yapa, K., & Longaker, M. T. (2013). Commentary on the differential healing capacity of calvarial bone. journal of craniofacial surgery, 24(2), 344-345.

Effective Delivery of Stem Cells Using an Extracellular Matrix Patch Results in Increased Cell Survival and Proliferation and Reduced Scarring in Skin Wound Healing
Lam, M. T., Nauta, A., Meyer, N. P., Wu, J. C., & Longaker, M. T. (2013). Effective Delivery of Stem Cells Using an Extracellular Matrix Patch Results in Increased Cell Survival and Proliferation and Reduced Scarring in Skin Wound Healing. TISSUE ENGINEERING PART A, 19(5-6), 738-747.

Adipose-derived Stromal Cells Overexpressing Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor Accelerate Mouse Excisional Wound Healing
Nauta, A., Seidel, C., Deveza, L., Montoro, D., Grova, M., & Yang, F. (2013). Adipose-derived Stromal Cells Overexpressing Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor Accelerate Mouse Excisional Wound Healing. MOLECULAR THERAPY, 21(2), 445-455.

Discussion: A report of the ASPS Task Force on regenerative medicine: opportunities for plastic surgery.
McArdle, A., Lo, D. D., Hyun, J. S., Senarath-Yapa, K., Chung, M. T., & Longaker, M. T. (2013). Discussion: A report of the ASPS Task Force on regenerative medicine: opportunities for plastic surgery. Plastic and reconstructive surgery, 131(2), 400-403.

The Seed and the Soil Optimizing Stem Cells and Their Environment for Tissue Regeneration
Hyun, J. S., Montoro, D. T., Lo, D. D., Flynn, R. A., Wong, V., & Wan, D. C. (2013). The Seed and the Soil Optimizing Stem Cells and Their Environment for Tissue Regeneration. ANNALS OF PLASTIC SURGERY, 70(2), 235-239.

Abnormal Calcium Handling Properties Underlie Familial Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy Pathology in Patient-Specific Induced Pluripotent Stem Cells
Lan, F., Lee, A. S., Liang, P., Sanchez-Freire, V., Nguyen, P. K., & Wu, J. C. (2013). Abnormal Calcium Handling Properties Underlie Familial Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy Pathology in Patient-Specific Induced Pluripotent Stem Cells. CELL STEM CELL, 12(1), 101-113.

Adult stem cells in small animal wound healing models.
Nauta, A. C., Gurtner, G. C., & Longaker, M. T. (2013). Adult stem cells in small animal wound healing models. Methods in molecular biology (Clifton, N.J.), 1037, 81-98.

In vivo directed differentiation of pluripotent stem cells for skeletal regeneration
Levi, B., Hyun, J. S., Montoro, D. T., Lo, D. D., Chan, C. Kf., & Longaker, M. T. (2012). In vivo directed differentiation of pluripotent stem cells for skeletal regeneration. PROCEEDINGS OF THE NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, 109(50), 20379-20384.

Femtosecond plasma mediated laser ablation has advantages over mechanical osteotomy of cranial bone
Lo, D. D., Mackanos, M. A., Chung, M. T., Hyun, J. S., Montoro, D. T., & Wan, D. C. (2012). Femtosecond plasma mediated laser ablation has advantages over mechanical osteotomy of cranial bone. LASERS IN SURGERY AND MEDICINE, 44(10), 805-814.

Exogenous Activation of BMP-2 Signaling Overcomes TGF beta-Mediated Inhibition of Osteogenesis in Marfan Embryonic Stem Cells and Marfan Patient-Specific Induced Pluripotent Stem Cells
Quarto, N., Li, S., Renda, A., & Longaker, M. T. (2012). Exogenous Activation of BMP-2 Signaling Overcomes TGF beta-Mediated Inhibition of Osteogenesis in Marfan Embryonic Stem Cells and Marfan Patient-Specific Induced Pluripotent Stem Cells. STEM CELLS, 30(12), 2709-2719.

Introduction: Wound repair
Longaker, M. T. (2012). Introduction: Wound repair. SEMINARS IN CELL & DEVELOPMENTAL BIOLOGY, 23(9), 945-945.

Soft tissue mechanotransduction in wound healing and fibrosis
Wong, V. W., Longaker, M. T., & Gurtner, G. C. (2012). Soft tissue mechanotransduction in wound healing and fibrosis. SEMINARS IN CELL & DEVELOPMENTAL BIOLOGY, 23(9), 981-986.

Comparison of several attachment methods for human iPS, embryonic and adipose-derived stem cells for tissue engineering
Lam, M. T., & Longaker, M. T. (2012). Comparison of several attachment methods for human iPS, embryonic and adipose-derived stem cells for tissue engineering. JOURNAL OF TISSUE ENGINEERING AND REGENERATIVE MEDICINE, 6, s80-s86.

Models of cranial suture biology.
Grova, M., Lo, D. D., Montoro, D., Hyun, J. S., Chung, M. T., & Longaker, M. T. (2012). Models of cranial suture biology. journal of craniofacial surgery, 23(7), 1954-1958.

Pierre Robin sequence and Treacher Collins hypoplastic mandible comparison using three-dimensional morphometric analysis.
Chung, M. T., Levi, B., Hyun, J. S., Lo, D. D., Montoro, D. T., & Wan, D. C. (2012). Pierre Robin sequence and Treacher Collins hypoplastic mandible comparison using three-dimensional morphometric analysis. journal of craniofacial surgery, 23(7), 1959-1963.

Regenerative Surgery: Tissue Engineering in General Surgical Practice
Wong, V. W., Wan, D. C., Gurtner, G. C., & Longaker, M. T. (2012). Regenerative Surgery: Tissue Engineering in General Surgical Practice. WORLD JOURNAL OF SURGERY, 36(10), 2288-2299.

Craniosynostosis Molecular pathways and future pharmacologic therapy
Senarath-Yapa, K., Chung, M. T., McArdle, A., Wong, V. W., Quarto, N., & Wan, D. C. (2012). Craniosynostosis Molecular pathways and future pharmacologic therapy. ORGANOGENESIS, 8(4), 103-113.

Microfluidic Single-Cell Analysis Shows That Porcine Induced Pluripotent Stem Cell-Derived Endothelial Cells Improve Myocardial Function by Paracrine Activation
Gu, M., Nguyen, P. K., Lee, A. S., Xu, D., Hu, S., & Wu, J. C. (2012). Microfluidic Single-Cell Analysis Shows That Porcine Induced Pluripotent Stem Cell-Derived Endothelial Cells Improve Myocardial Function by Paracrine Activation. CIRCULATION RESEARCH, 111(7), 882-893.

Scarless fetal skin wound healing update
Lo, D. D., Zimmermann, A. S., Nauta, A., Longaker, M. T., & Lorenz, H. P. (2012). Scarless fetal skin wound healing update. BIRTH DEFECTS RESEARCH PART C-EMBRYO TODAY-REVIEWS, 96(3), 237-247.

Fetal Mouse Skin Heals Scarlessly in a Chick Chorioallantoic Membrane Model System
Carre, A. L., Larson, B. J., Knowles, J. A., Kawai, K., Longaker, M. T., & Lorenz, H. P. (2012). Fetal Mouse Skin Heals Scarlessly in a Chick Chorioallantoic Membrane Model System. ANNALS OF PLASTIC SURGERY, 69(1), 85-90.

Large animal induced pluripotent stem cells as pre-clinical models for studying human disease
Plews, J. R., Gu, M., Longaker, M. T., & Wu, J. C. (2012). Large animal induced pluripotent stem cells as pre-clinical models for studying human disease. JOURNAL OF CELLULAR AND MOLECULAR MEDICINE, 16(6), 1196-1202.

Craniofacial Reconstruction With Induced Pluripotent Stem Cells
Wan, D. C., Wong, V. W., & Longaker, M. T. (2012). Craniofacial Reconstruction With Induced Pluripotent Stem Cells. JOURNAL OF CRANIOFACIAL SURGERY, 23(3), 623-626.

Rethinking the Blastema
Hyun, J. S., Chung, M. T., Wong, V. W., Montoro, D., Longaker, M. T., & Wan, D. C. (2012). Rethinking the Blastema. PLASTIC AND RECONSTRUCTIVE SURGERY, 129(5), 1097-1103.

A Comparative Analysis of the Osteogenic Effects of BMP-2, FGF-2, and VEGFA in a Calvarial Defect Model
Behr, B., Sorkin, M., Lehnhardt, M., Renda, A., Longaker, M. T., & Quarto, N. (2012). A Comparative Analysis of the Osteogenic Effects of BMP-2, FGF-2, and VEGFA in a Calvarial Defect Model. TISSUE ENGINEERING PART A, 18(9-10), 1079-1086.

Patient-Specific Induced Pluripotent Stem Cells as a Model for Familial Dilated Cardiomyopathy
Sun, N., Yazawa, M., Liu, Jw., Han, L., Sanchez-Freire, V., & Wu, J. C. (2012). Patient-Specific Induced Pluripotent Stem Cells as a Model for Familial Dilated Cardiomyopathy. SCIENCE TRANSLATIONAL MEDICINE, 4(130).

Training the Contemporary Surgeon-Scientist
Wan, D. C., Wang, K. C., & Longaker, M. T. (2012). Training the Contemporary Surgeon-Scientist. PLASTIC AND RECONSTRUCTIVE SURGERY, 129(4), 1023-1025.

Delivery Strategies for Stem Cell-Based Therapy
Glotzbach, J. P., Wong, V. W., Levi, B., Longaker, M. T., & Gurtner, G. C. (2012). Delivery Strategies for Stem Cell-Based Therapy. JOURNAL OF HEALTHCARE ENGINEERING, 3(1), 1-20.

The angiogenic factor Dell prevents apoptosis of endothelial cells through integrin binding
Wang, Z., Kundu, R. K., Longaker, M. T., Quertermous, T., & Yang, G. P. (2012). The angiogenic factor Dell prevents apoptosis of endothelial cells through integrin binding. SURGERY, 151(2), 296-305.

Skeletogenic phenotype of human Marfan embryonic stem cells faithfully phenocopied by patient-specific induced-pluripotent stem cells
Quarto, N., Leonard, B., Li, S., Marchand, M., Anderson, E., & Longaker, M. T. (2012). Skeletogenic phenotype of human Marfan embryonic stem cells faithfully phenocopied by patient-specific induced-pluripotent stem cells. PROCEEDINGS OF THE NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, 109(1), 215-220.

Enhancement of Human Adipose-Derived Stromal Cell Angiogenesis through Knockdown of a BMP-2 Inhibitor
Levi, B., Nelson, E. R., Hyun, J. S., Glotzbach, J. P., Li, S., & Longaker, M. T. (2012). Enhancement of Human Adipose-Derived Stromal Cell Angiogenesis through Knockdown of a BMP-2 Inhibitor. PLASTIC AND RECONSTRUCTIVE SURGERY, 129(1), 53-66.

Enhancement of mesenchymal stem cell angiogenic capacity and stemness by a biomimetic hydrogel scaffold
Rustad, K. C., Wong, V. W., Sorkin, M., Glotzbach, J. P., Major, M. R., & Gurtner, G. C. (2012). Enhancement of mesenchymal stem cell angiogenic capacity and stemness by a biomimetic hydrogel scaffold. BIOMATERIALS, 33(1), 80-90.

Focal adhesion kinase links mechanical force to skin fibrosis via inflammatory signaling.
Wong, V. W., Rustad, K. C., Akaishi, S., Sorkin, M., Glotzbach, J. P., & Gurtner, G. C. (2012). Focal adhesion kinase links mechanical force to skin fibrosis via inflammatory signaling. Nature medicine, 18(1), 148-152.

Craniofacial Surgery: Innovation, Design, and Strategy
Warren, S. M., & Longaker, M. T. (2012). Craniofacial Surgery: Innovation, Design, and Strategy. JOURNAL OF CRANIOFACIAL SURGERY, 23(1), 7-7.

Cranial Suture Biology: From Pathways to Patient Care
Levi, B., Wan, D. C., Wong, V. W., Nelson, E., Hyun, J., & Longaker, M. T. (2012). Cranial Suture Biology: From Pathways to Patient Care. JOURNAL OF CRANIOFACIAL SURGERY, 23(1), 13-19.

Repair of a critical-sized calvarial defect model using adipose-derived stromal cells harvested from lipoaspirate.
Lo, D. D., Hyun, J. S., Chung, M. T., Montoro, D. T., Zimmermann, A., & Longaker, M. T. (2012). Repair of a critical-sized calvarial defect model using adipose-derived stromal cells harvested from lipoaspirate. Journal of visualized experiments : JoVE, (68).

Stem Cells: Update and Impact on Craniofacial Surgery
Levi, B., Glotzbach, J. P., Wong, V. W., Nelson, E. R., Hyun, J., & Longaker, M. T. (2012). Stem Cells: Update and Impact on Craniofacial Surgery. JOURNAL OF CRANIOFACIAL SURGERY, 23(1), 319-322.

Stem cell niches for skin regeneration.
Wong, V. W., Levi, B., Rajadas, J., Longaker, M. T., & Gurtner, G. C. (2012). Stem cell niches for skin regeneration. International journal of biomaterials, 2012, 926059-?.

Craniosynostosis: Molecular pathways and future pharmacologic therapy.
Senarath-Yapa, K., Chung, M. T., McArdle, A., Wong, V. W., Quarto, N., & Wan, D. C. (2012). Craniosynostosis: Molecular pathways and future pharmacologic therapy. Organogenesis, 8(4).

Nonintegrating Knockdown and Customized Scaffold Design Enhances Human Adipose-Derived Stem Cells in Skeletal Repair
Levi, B., Hyun, J. S., Nelson, E. R., Li, S., Montoro, D. T., & Longaker, M. T. (2011). Nonintegrating Knockdown and Customized Scaffold Design Enhances Human Adipose-Derived Stem Cells in Skeletal Repair. STEM CELLS, 29(12), 2018-2029.

Mechanical force prolongs acute inflammation via T-cell-dependent pathways during scar formation
Wong, V. W., Paterno, J., Sorkin, M., Glotzbach, J. P., Levi, K., & Gurtner, G. C. (2011). Mechanical force prolongs acute inflammation via T-cell-dependent pathways during scar formation. FASEB JOURNAL, 25(12), 4498-4510.

Antimycotic Ciclopirox Olamine in the Diabetic Environment Promotes Angiogenesis and Enhances Wound Healing
Ko, S. H., Nauta, A., Morrison, S. D., Zhou, H., Zimmermann, A., & Longaker, M. T. (2011). Antimycotic Ciclopirox Olamine in the Diabetic Environment Promotes Angiogenesis and Enhances Wound Healing. PLOS ONE, 6(11).

CD105 Protein Depletion Enhances Human Adipose-derived Stromal Cell Osteogenesis through Reduction of Transforming Growth Factor beta 1 (TGF-beta 1) Signaling
Levi, B., Wan, D. C., Glotzbach, J. P., Hyun, J., Januszyk, M., & Longaker, M. T. (2011). CD105 Protein Depletion Enhances Human Adipose-derived Stromal Cell Osteogenesis through Reduction of Transforming Growth Factor beta 1 (TGF-beta 1) Signaling. JOURNAL OF BIOLOGICAL CHEMISTRY, 286(45), 39497-39509.

Pullulan Hydrogels Improve Mesenchymal Stem Cell Delivery into High-Oxidative-Stress Wounds
Wong, V. W., Rustad, K. C., Glotzbach, J. P., Sorkin, M., Inayathullah, M., & Gurtner, G. C. (2011). Pullulan Hydrogels Improve Mesenchymal Stem Cell Delivery into High-Oxidative-Stress Wounds. MACROMOLECULAR BIOSCIENCE, 11(11), 1458-1466.

Calcium-Based Nanoparticles Accelerate Skin Wound Healing
Kawai, K., Larson, B. J., Ishise, H., Carre, A. L., Nishimoto, S., & Lorenz, H. P. (2011). Calcium-Based Nanoparticles Accelerate Skin Wound Healing. PLOS ONE, 6(11).

Pushing Back: Wound Mechanotransduction in Repair and Regeneration
Wong, V. W., Akaishi, S., Longaker, M. T., & Gurtner, G. C. (2011). Pushing Back: Wound Mechanotransduction in Repair and Regeneration. JOURNAL OF INVESTIGATIVE DERMATOLOGY, 131(11), 2186-2196.

Role of GSK-3 beta in the Osteogenic Differentiation of Palatal Mesenchyme
Nelson, E. R., Levi, B., Sorkin, M., James, A. W., Liu, K. J., & Longaker, M. T. (2011). Role of GSK-3 beta in the Osteogenic Differentiation of Palatal Mesenchyme. PLOS ONE, 6(10).

Indian Hedgehog Positively Regulates Calvarial Ossification and Modulates Bone Morphogenetic Protein Signaling
Lenton, K., James, A. W., Manu, A., Brugmann, S. A., Birker, D., & Longaker, M. T. (2011). Indian Hedgehog Positively Regulates Calvarial Ossification and Modulates Bone Morphogenetic Protein Signaling. GENESIS, 49(10), 784-796.

Palatogenesis Engineering, pathways and pathologies
Levi, B., Brugman, S., Wong, V. W., Grova, M., Longaker, M. T., & Wan, D. C. (2011). Palatogenesis Engineering, pathways and pathologies. ORGANOGENESIS, 7(4), 242-254.

Preclinical Derivation and Imaging of Autologously Transplanted Canine Induced Pluripotent Stem Cells
Lee, A. S., Xu, D., Plews, J. R., Nguyen, P. K., Nag, D., & Wu, J. C. (2011). Preclinical Derivation and Imaging of Autologously Transplanted Canine Induced Pluripotent Stem Cells. JOURNAL OF BIOLOGICAL CHEMISTRY, 286(37), 32697-32704.

Wound healing and regenerative strategies
Nauta, A., Gurtner, G. C., & Longaker, M. T. (2011). Wound healing and regenerative strategies. ORAL DISEASES, 17(6), 541-549.

Recommendations on clinical proof of efficacy for potential scar prevention and reduction therapies
Bush, J. A., McGrouther, D. A., Young, V. L., Herndon, D. N., Longaker, M. T., & Ferguson, M. Wj. (2011). Recommendations on clinical proof of efficacy for potential scar prevention and reduction therapies. WOUND REPAIR AND REGENERATION, 19, S32-S37.

Commentary on Role of Apoptosis in Retinoic Acid-Induced Cleft Palate
Nelson, E. R., Levi, B., & Longaker, M. T. (2011). Commentary on Role of Apoptosis in Retinoic Acid-Induced Cleft Palate. JOURNAL OF CRANIOFACIAL SURGERY, 22(5), 1572-1573.

Vascular anastomosis using controlled phase transitions in poloxamer gels
Chang, E. I., Galvez, M. G., Glotzbach, J. P., Hamou, C. D., El-Ftesi, S., & Gurtner, G. C. (2011). Vascular anastomosis using controlled phase transitions in poloxamer gels. NATURE MEDICINE, 17(9), 1147-U160.

Germ-layer and lineage-restricted stem/progenitors regenerate the mouse digit tip
Rinkevich, Y., Lindau, P., Ueno, H., Longaker, M. T., & Weissman, I. L. (2011). Germ-layer and lineage-restricted stem/progenitors regenerate the mouse digit tip. NATURE, 476(7361), 409-U53.

Differences in Osteogenic Differentiation of Adipose-Derived Stromal Cells from Murine, Canine, and Human Sources In Vitro and In Vivo
Levi, B., Nelson, E. R., Brown, K., James, A. W., Xu, D., & Longaker, M. T. (2011). Differences in Osteogenic Differentiation of Adipose-Derived Stromal Cells from Murine, Canine, and Human Sources In Vitro and In Vivo. PLASTIC AND RECONSTRUCTIVE SURGERY, 128(2), 373-386.

Improving Cutaneous Scar Formation by Controlling the Mechanical Environment Large Animal and Phase I Studies
Gurtner, G. C., Dauskardt, R. H., Wong, V. W., Bhatt, K. A., Wu, K., & Longaker, M. T. (2011). Improving Cutaneous Scar Formation by Controlling the Mechanical Environment Large Animal and Phase I Studies. ANNALS OF SURGERY, 254(2), 217-225.

Dura Mater Stimulates Human Adipose-Derived Stromal Cells to Undergo Bone Formation in Mouse Calvarial Defects
Levi, B., Nelson, E. R., Li, S., James, A. W., Hyun, J. S., & Longaker, M. T. (2011). Dura Mater Stimulates Human Adipose-Derived Stromal Cells to Undergo Bone Formation in Mouse Calvarial Defects. STEM CELLS, 29(8), 1241-1255.

Fgf-18 Is Required for Osteogenesis But Not Angiogenesis During Long Bone Repair
Behr, B., Sorkin, M., Manu, A., Lehnhardt, M., Longaker, M. T., & Quarto, N. (2011). Fgf-18 Is Required for Osteogenesis But Not Angiogenesis During Long Bone Repair. TISSUE ENGINEERING PART A, 17(15-16), 2061-2069.

An Information Theoretic, Microfluidic-Based Single Cell Analysis Permits Identification of Subpopulations among Putatively Homogeneous Stem Cells
Glotzbach, J. P., Januszyk, M., Vial, I. N., Wong, V. W., Gelbard, A., & Gurtner, G. C. (2011). An Information Theoretic, Microfluidic-Based Single Cell Analysis Permits Identification of Subpopulations among Putatively Homogeneous Stem Cells. PLOS ONE, 6(6).

Unfolded Protein Response Regulation in Keloid Cells
Butler, P. D., Wang, Z., Ly, D. P., Longaker, M. T., Koong, A. C., & Yang, G. P. (2011). Unfolded Protein Response Regulation in Keloid Cells. JOURNAL OF SURGICAL RESEARCH, 167(1), 151-157.

Integrating Cultural Competency and Humility Training into Clinical Clerkships: Surgery as a Model
Butler, P. D., Swift, M., Kothari, S., Nazeeri-Simmons, I., Friel, C. M., & Britt, L. D. (2011). Integrating Cultural Competency and Humility Training into Clinical Clerkships: Surgery as a Model. JOURNAL OF SURGICAL EDUCATION, 68(3), 222-230.

Engineered epidermal growth factor mutants with faster binding on-rates correlate with enhanced receptor activation
Lahti, J. L., Lui, B. H., Beck, S. E., Lee, S. S., Ly, D. P., & Cochran, J. R. (2011). Engineered epidermal growth factor mutants with faster binding on-rates correlate with enhanced receptor activation. FEBS LETTERS, 585(8), 1135-1139.

Concise Review: Adipose-Derived Stromal Cells for Skeletal Regenerative Medicine
Levi, B., & Longaker, M. T. (2011). Concise Review: Adipose-Derived Stromal Cells for Skeletal Regenerative Medicine. STEM CELLS, 29(4), 576-582.

Chemical Control of FGF-2 Release for Promoting Calvarial Healing with Adipose Stem Cells
Kwan, M. D., Sellmyer, M. A., Quarto, N., Ho, A. M., Wandless, T. J., & Longaker, M. T. (2011). Chemical Control of FGF-2 Release for Promoting Calvarial Healing with Adipose Stem Cells. JOURNAL OF BIOLOGICAL CHEMISTRY, 286(13), 11307-11313.

Research Training in Plastic Surgery
Levi, B., & Longaker, M. T. (2011). Research Training in Plastic Surgery. JOURNAL OF CRANIOFACIAL SURGERY, 22(2), 383-384.

Studies in Adipose-Derived Stromal Cells: Migration and Participation in Repair of Cranial Injury after Systemic Injection
Levi, B., James, A. W., Nelson, E. R., Hu, S., Sun, N., & Longaker, M. T. (2011). Studies in Adipose-Derived Stromal Cells: Migration and Participation in Repair of Cranial Injury after Systemic Injection. PLASTIC AND RECONSTRUCTIVE SURGERY, 127(3), 1130-1140.

Osteogenic Differentiation of Adipose-Derived Stromal Cells in Mouse and Human: In Vitro and In Vivo Methods
Levi, B., & Longaker, M. T. (2011). Osteogenic Differentiation of Adipose-Derived Stromal Cells in Mouse and Human: In Vitro and In Vivo Methods. JOURNAL OF CRANIOFACIAL SURGERY, 22(2), 388-391.

Role of Indian Hedgehog Signaling in Palatal Osteogenesis
Levi, B., James, A. W., Nelson, E. R., Brugmann, S. A., Sorkin, M., & Longaker, M. T. (2011). Role of Indian Hedgehog Signaling in Palatal Osteogenesis. PLASTIC AND RECONSTRUCTIVE SURGERY, 127(3), 1182-1190.

Acute Skeletal Injury Is Necessary for Human Adipose-Derived Stromal Cell-Mediated Calvarial Regeneration
Levi, B., James, A. W., Nelson, E. R., Peng, M., Wan, D. C., & Longaker, M. T. (2011). Acute Skeletal Injury Is Necessary for Human Adipose-Derived Stromal Cell-Mediated Calvarial Regeneration. PLASTIC AND RECONSTRUCTIVE SURGERY, 127(3), 1118-1129.

In brief: Regenerative medicine.
Glotzbach, J. P., Wong, V. W., Gurtner, G. C., & Longaker, M. T. (2011). In brief: Regenerative medicine. Current problems in surgery, 48(3), 142-146.

Deleterious Effects of Freezing on Osteogenic Differentiation of Human Adipose-Derived Stromal Cells In Vitro and In Vivo
James, A. W., Levi, B., Nelson, E. R., Peng, M., Commons, G. W., & Longaker, M. T. (2011). Deleterious Effects of Freezing on Osteogenic Differentiation of Human Adipose-Derived Stromal Cells In Vitro and In Vivo. STEM CELLS AND DEVELOPMENT, 20(3), 427-439.

Regenerative Medicine
Glotzbach, J. P., Wong, V. W., Gurtner, G. C., & Longaker, M. T. (2011). Regenerative Medicine. CURRENT PROBLEMS IN SURGERY, 48(3), 148-212.

Engineered Pullulan-Collagen Composite Dermal Hydrogels Improve Early Cutaneous Wound Healing
Wong, V. W., Rustad, K. C., Galvez, M. G., Neofyotou, E., Glotzbach, J. P., & Gurtner, G. C. (2011). Engineered Pullulan-Collagen Composite Dermal Hydrogels Improve Early Cutaneous Wound Healing. TISSUE ENGINEERING PART A, 17(5-6), 631-644.

Elastic Properties of Induced Pluripotent Stem Cells
Hammerick, K. E., Huang, Z., Sun, N., Lam, M. T., Prinz, F. B., & Longaker, M. T. (2011). Elastic Properties of Induced Pluripotent Stem Cells. TISSUE ENGINEERING PART A, 17(3-4), 495-502.

Human Adipose-Derived Stromal Cells Stimulate Autogenous Skeletal Repair via Paracrine Hedgehog Signaling with Calvarial Osteoblasts
Levi, B., James, A. W., Nelson, E. R., Li, S., Peng, M., & Longaker, M. T. (2011). Human Adipose-Derived Stromal Cells Stimulate Autogenous Skeletal Repair via Paracrine Hedgehog Signaling with Calvarial Osteoblasts. STEM CELLS AND DEVELOPMENT, 20(2), 243-257.

Locally Applied Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A Increases the Osteogenic Healing Capacity of Human Adipose-Derived Stem Cells by Promoting Osteogenic and Endothelial Differentiation
Behr, B., Tang, C., Germann, G., Longaker, M. T., & Quarto, N. (2011). Locally Applied Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A Increases the Osteogenic Healing Capacity of Human Adipose-Derived Stem Cells by Promoting Osteogenic and Endothelial Differentiation. STEM CELLS, 29(2), 286-296.

Differential Expression of Sclerostin in Adult and Juvenile Mouse Calvariae
Kwan, M. D., Quarto, N., Gupta, D. M., Slater, B. J., Wan, D. C., & Longaker, M. T. (2011). Differential Expression of Sclerostin in Adult and Juvenile Mouse Calvariae. PLASTIC AND RECONSTRUCTIVE SURGERY, 127(2), 595-602.

Generation of adult human induced pluripotent stem cells using nonviral minicircle DNA vectors
Narsinh, K. H., Jia, F., Robbins, R. C., Kay, M. A., Longaker, M. T., & Wu, J. C. (2011). Generation of adult human induced pluripotent stem cells using nonviral minicircle DNA vectors. NATURE PROTOCOLS, 6(1), 78-88.

Salvage of the Crucified Chin
Wan, D. C., Longaker, M. T., Allam, K. A., Perry, A., & Kawamoto, H. K. (2011). Salvage of the Crucified Chin. PLASTIC AND RECONSTRUCTIVE SURGERY, 127(1), 352-354.

Osteogenic differentiation of human multipotent mesenchymal stromal cells.
Gupta, D. M., Panetta, N. J., & Longaker, M. T. (2011). Osteogenic differentiation of human multipotent mesenchymal stromal cells. Methods in molecular biology (Clifton, N.J.), 698, 201-214.

Craniosynostosis of coronal suture in twist1 mice occurs through endochondral ossification recapitulating the physiological closure of posterior frontal suture.
Behr, B., Longaker, M. T., & Quarto, N. (2011). Craniosynostosis of coronal suture in twist1 mice occurs through endochondral ossification recapitulating the physiological closure of posterior frontal suture. Frontiers in physiology, 2, 37-?.

The Role of Stem Cells in Cutaneous Wound Healing: What Do We Really Know?
Ko, S. H., Nauta, A., Wong, V., Glotzbach, J., Gurtner, G. C., & Longaker, M. T. (2011). The Role of Stem Cells in Cutaneous Wound Healing: What Do We Really Know?. PLASTIC AND RECONSTRUCTIVE SURGERY, 127(1), 10S-20S.

Surgical Approaches to Create Murine Models of Human Wound Healing
Wong, Vw., Sorkin, M., Glotzbach, J. P., Longaker, M. T., & Gurtner, G. C. (2011). Surgical Approaches to Create Murine Models of Human Wound Healing. JOURNAL OF BIOMEDICINE AND BIOTECHNOLOGY.

Diathermy or Surgical Scalpel for Abdominal Skin Incisions What Is the Impact On Clinical Practice?
Longaker, M. T., & Gurtner, G. C. (2011). Diathermy or Surgical Scalpel for Abdominal Skin Incisions What Is the Impact On Clinical Practice?. ANNALS OF SURGERY, 253(1), 14-15.

Deformational Plagiocephaly: A Look Into the Future
Levi, B., Wan, D. C., Longaker, M. T., & Habal, M. B. (2011). Deformational Plagiocephaly: A Look Into the Future. JOURNAL OF CRANIOFACIAL SURGERY, 22(1), 3-5.

Basic Science Review on Adipose Tissue for Clinicians
Brown, S. A., Levi, B., Lequex, C., Wong, V. W., Mojallal, A., & Longaker, M. T. (2010). Basic Science Review on Adipose Tissue for Clinicians. PLASTIC AND RECONSTRUCTIVE SURGERY, 126(6), 1936-1946.

Activation of FGF Signaling Mediates Proliferative and Osteogenic Differences between Neural Crest Derived Frontal and Mesoderm Parietal Derived Bone
Li, S., Quarto, N., & Longaker, M. T. (2010). Activation of FGF Signaling Mediates Proliferative and Osteogenic Differences between Neural Crest Derived Frontal and Mesoderm Parietal Derived Bone. PLOS ONE, 5(11).

The basic science of vascular biology: implications for the practicing surgeon.
Glotzbach, J. P., Levi, B., Wong, V. W., Longaker, M. T., & Gurtner, G. C. (2010). The basic science of vascular biology: implications for the practicing surgeon. Plastic and reconstructive surgery, 126(5), 1528-1538.

The Basic Science of Vascular Biology: Implications for the Practicing Surgeon
Glotzbach, J. P., Levi, B., Wong, V. W., Longaker, M. T., & Gurtner, G. C. (2010). The Basic Science of Vascular Biology: Implications for the Practicing Surgeon. PLASTIC AND RECONSTRUCTIVE SURGERY, 126(5), 1527-1537.

Scarless Fetal Wound Healing: A Basic Science Review
Larson, B. J., Longaker, M. T., & Lorenz, H. P. (2010). Scarless Fetal Wound Healing: A Basic Science Review. PLASTIC AND RECONSTRUCTIVE SURGERY, 126(4), 1172-1180.

The Diverse Surgeons Initiative: An Effective Method for Increasing the Number of Under-represented Minorities in Academic Surgery
Butler, P. D., Britt, L. D., Green, M. L., Longaker, M. T., Geis, W. P., & Fullum, T. M. (2010). The Diverse Surgeons Initiative: An Effective Method for Increasing the Number of Under-represented Minorities in Academic Surgery. JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN COLLEGE OF SURGEONS, 211(4), 561-566.

Opposite Spectrum of Activity of Canonical Wnt Signaling in the Osteogenic Context of Undifferentiated and Differentiated Mesenchymal Cells: Implications for Tissue Engineering
Quarto, N., Behr, B., & Longaker, M. T. (2010). Opposite Spectrum of Activity of Canonical Wnt Signaling in the Osteogenic Context of Undifferentiated and Differentiated Mesenchymal Cells: Implications for Tissue Engineering. TISSUE ENGINEERING PART A, 16(10), 3185-3197.

Stem Cells
Behr, B., Ko, S. H., Wong, V. W., Gurtner, G. C., & Longaker, M. T. (2010). Stem Cells. PLASTIC AND RECONSTRUCTIVE SURGERY, 126(4), 1163-1171.

Discussion: Hes1 is required for the development of craniofacial structures derived from ectomesenchymal neural crest cells.
Levi, B., Brugmann, S., & Longaker, M. T. (2010). Discussion: Hes1 is required for the development of craniofacial structures derived from ectomesenchymal neural crest cells. journal of craniofacial surgery, 21(5), 1450-1451.

Tissue Engineering in Plastic Surgery: A Review
Wong, V. W., Rustad, K. C., Longaker, M. T., & Gurtner, G. C. (2010). Tissue Engineering in Plastic Surgery: A Review. PLASTIC AND RECONSTRUCTIVE SURGERY, 126(3), 858-868.

Paracrine Interaction between Adipose-Derived Stromal Cells and Cranial Suture-Derived Mesenchymal Cells
James, A. W., Levi, B., Commons, G. W., Glotzbach, J., & Longaker, M. T. (2010). Paracrine Interaction between Adipose-Derived Stromal Cells and Cranial Suture-Derived Mesenchymal Cells. PLASTIC AND RECONSTRUCTIVE SURGERY, 126(3), 806-821.

Hes1 Is Required for the Development of Craniofacial Structures Derived From Ectomesenchymal Neural Crest Cells DISCUSSION
Levi, B., Brugmann, S., & Longaker, M. T. (2010). Hes1 Is Required for the Development of Craniofacial Structures Derived From Ectomesenchymal Neural Crest Cells DISCUSSION. JOURNAL OF CRANIOFACIAL SURGERY, 21(5), 1450-1451.

So You Want to Be an Innovator?
Rohrich, R. J., Rosen, J., & Longaker, M. T. (2010). So You Want to Be an Innovator?. PLASTIC AND RECONSTRUCTIVE SURGERY, 126(3), 1107-1109.

Depot-Specific Variation in the Osteogenic and Adipogenic Potential of Human Adipose-Derived Stromal Cells
Levi, B., James, A. W., Glotzbach, J. P., Wan, D. C., Commons, G. W., & Longaker, M. T. (2010). Depot-Specific Variation in the Osteogenic and Adipogenic Potential of Human Adipose-Derived Stromal Cells. PLASTIC AND RECONSTRUCTIVE SURGERY, 126(3), 822-834.

Differential activation of canonical Wnt signaling determines cranial sutures fate: A novel mechanism for sagittal suture craniosynostosis
Behr, B., Longaker, M. T., & Quarto, N. (2010). Differential activation of canonical Wnt signaling determines cranial sutures fate: A novel mechanism for sagittal suture craniosynostosis. DEVELOPMENTAL BIOLOGY, 344(2), 922-940.

Divergent Modulation of Adipose-Derived Stromal Cell Differentiation by TGF-beta 1 Based on Species of Derivation
Levi, B., James, A. W., Xu, Y., Commons, G. W., & Longaker, M. T. (2010). Divergent Modulation of Adipose-Derived Stromal Cell Differentiation by TGF-beta 1 Based on Species of Derivation. PLASTIC AND RECONSTRUCTIVE SURGERY, 126(2), 412-425.

Different endogenous threshold levels of Fibroblast Growth Factor-ligands determine the healing potential of frontal and parietal bones
Behr, B., Panetta, N. J., Longaker, M. T., & Quarto, N. (2010). Different endogenous threshold levels of Fibroblast Growth Factor-ligands determine the healing potential of frontal and parietal bones. BONE, 47(2), 281-294.

Sonic Hedgehog Influences the Balance of Osteogenesis and Adipogenesis in Mouse Adipose-Derived Stromal Cells
James, A. W., Leucht, P., Levi, B., Carre, A. L., Xu, Y., & Longaker, M. T. (2010). Sonic Hedgehog Influences the Balance of Osteogenesis and Adipogenesis in Mouse Adipose-Derived Stromal Cells. TISSUE ENGINEERING PART A, 16(8), 2605-2616.

Origin Matters: Differences in Embryonic Tissue Origin and Wnt Signaling Determine the Osteogenic Potential and Healing Capacity of Frontal and Parietal Calvarial Bones
Quarto, N., Wan, D. C., Kwan, M. D., Panetta, N. J., Li, S., & Longaker, M. T. (2010). Origin Matters: Differences in Embryonic Tissue Origin and Wnt Signaling Determine the Osteogenic Potential and Healing Capacity of Frontal and Parietal Calvarial Bones. JOURNAL OF BONE AND MINERAL RESEARCH, 25(7), 1680-1694.

Human melanoma-initiating cells express neural crest nerve growth factor receptor CD271
Boiko, A. D., Razorenova, O. V., van de Rijn, M., Swetter, S. M., Johnson, D. L., & Weissman, I. L. (2010). Human melanoma-initiating cells express neural crest nerve growth factor receptor CD271. NATURE, 466(7302), 133-U155.

Regulation of Human Adipose-Derived Stromal Cell Osteogenic Differentiation by Insulin-Like Growth Factor-1 and Platelet-Derived Growth Factor-alpha
Levi, B., James, A. W., Wan, D. C., Glotzbach, J. P., Commons, G. W., & Longaker, M. T. (2010). Regulation of Human Adipose-Derived Stromal Cell Osteogenic Differentiation by Insulin-Like Growth Factor-1 and Platelet-Derived Growth Factor-alpha. PLASTIC AND RECONSTRUCTIVE SURGERY, 126(1), 41-52.

Strategies for organ level tissue engineering
Rustad, K. C., Sorkin, M., Levi, B., Longaker, M. T., & Gurtner, G. C. (2010). Strategies for organ level tissue engineering. ORGANOGENESIS, 6(3), 151-157.

Elucidating Mechanisms of Osteogenesis in Human Adipose-Derived Stromal Cells via Microarray Analysis
Lee, J., Gupta, D., Panetta, N. J., Levi, B., James, A. W., & Longaker, M. T. (2010). Elucidating Mechanisms of Osteogenesis in Human Adipose-Derived Stromal Cells via Microarray Analysis. JOURNAL OF CRANIOFACIAL SURGERY, 21(4), 1136-1141.

Fgf-9 is required for angiogenesis and osteogenesis in long bone repair
Behr, B., Leucht, P., Longaker, M. T., & Quarto, N. (2010). Fgf-9 is required for angiogenesis and osteogenesis in long bone repair. PROCEEDINGS OF THE NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, 107(26), 11853-11858.

Connective Tissue Growth Factor in Regulation of RhoA Mediated Cytoskeletal Tension Associated Osteogenesis of Mouse Adipose-Derived Stromal Cells
Xu, Y., Wagner, D. R., Bekerman, E., Chiou, M., James, A. W., & Longaker, M. T. (2010). Connective Tissue Growth Factor in Regulation of RhoA Mediated Cytoskeletal Tension Associated Osteogenesis of Mouse Adipose-Derived Stromal Cells. PLOS ONE, 5(6).

In vitro effects of direct current electric fields on adipose-derived stromal cells
Hammerick, K. E., Longaker, M. T., & Prinz, F. B. (2010). In vitro effects of direct current electric fields on adipose-derived stromal cells. BIOCHEMICAL AND BIOPHYSICAL RESEARCH COMMUNICATIONS, 397(1), 12-17.

Human Adipose Derived Stromal Cells Heal Critical Size Mouse Calvarial Defects
Levi, B., James, A. W., Nelson, E. R., Vistnes, D., Wu, B., & Longaker, M. T. (2010). Human Adipose Derived Stromal Cells Heal Critical Size Mouse Calvarial Defects. PLOS ONE, 5(6).

Bone Regeneration and Repair
Panetta, N. J., Gupta, D. M., & Longaker, M. T. (2010). Bone Regeneration and Repair. CURRENT STEM CELL RESEARCH & THERAPY, 5(2), 122-128.

Retinoic Acid Enhances Osteogenesis in Cranial Suture-Derived Mesenchymal Cells: Potential Mechanisms of Retinoid-Induced Craniosynostosis
James, A. W., Levi, B., Xu, Y., Carre, A. L., & Longaker, M. T. (2010). Retinoic Acid Enhances Osteogenesis in Cranial Suture-Derived Mesenchymal Cells: Potential Mechanisms of Retinoid-Induced Craniosynostosis. PLASTIC AND RECONSTRUCTIVE SURGERY, 125(5), 1352-1361.

Highlights of the proceedings from the 13th International Congress of the International Society of Craniofacial Surgery: ISCFS 2009.
Bradley, J. P., Warren, S., & Longaker, M. T. (2010). Highlights of the proceedings from the 13th International Congress of the International Society of Craniofacial Surgery: ISCFS 2009. journal of craniofacial surgery, 21(3), 944-946.

The SNaP System: Biomechanical and Animal Model Testing of a Novel Ultraportable Negative-Pressure Wound Therapy System
Fong, K. D., Hu, D., Eichstadt, S., Gupta, D. M., Pinto, M., & Lorenz, H. P. (2010). The SNaP System: Biomechanical and Animal Model Testing of a Novel Ultraportable Negative-Pressure Wound Therapy System. PLASTIC AND RECONSTRUCTIVE SURGERY, 125(5), 1362-1371.

Commentary.
Levi, B., Ko, S. H., & Longaker, M. T. (2010). Commentary. Aesthetic surgery journal , 30(3), 387-389.

Cyclophilin C-Associated Protein/Mac-2 Binding Protein Colocalizes With Calnexin and Regulates the Expression of Tissue Transglutaminase
Kong, W., Lin, B. W., Li, S., Longaker, M. T., & Lorenz, H. P. (2010). Cyclophilin C-Associated Protein/Mac-2 Binding Protein Colocalizes With Calnexin and Regulates the Expression of Tissue Transglutaminase. JOURNAL OF CELLULAR PHYSIOLOGY, 223(1), 151-157.

A nonviral minicircle vector for deriving human iPS cells
Jia, F., Wilson, K. D., Sun, N., Gupta, D. M., Huang, M., & Wu, J. C. (2010). A nonviral minicircle vector for deriving human iPS cells. NATURE METHODS, 7(3), 197-U46.

Pulsed Direct Current Electric Fields Enhance Osteogenesis in Adipose-Derived Stromal Cells
Hammerick, K. E., James, A. W., Huang, Z., Prinz, F. B., & Longaker, M. T. (2010). Pulsed Direct Current Electric Fields Enhance Osteogenesis in Adipose-Derived Stromal Cells. TISSUE ENGINEERING PART A, 16(3), 917-931.

Human iPS cell-based therapy Considerations before clinical applications
Sun, N., Longaker, M. T., & Wu, J. C. (2010). Human iPS cell-based therapy Considerations before clinical applications. CELL CYCLE, 9(5), 880-885.

Human Adipose-Derived Stromal Cells Respond to and Elaborate Bone Morphogenetic Protein-2 during In Vitro Osteogenic Differentiation
Panetta, N. J., Gupta, D. M., Lee, J. K., Wan, D. C., Commons, G. W., & Longaker, M. T. (2010). Human Adipose-Derived Stromal Cells Respond to and Elaborate Bone Morphogenetic Protein-2 during In Vitro Osteogenic Differentiation. PLASTIC AND RECONSTRUCTIVE SURGERY, 125(2), 483-493.

Addressing the paucity of underrepresented minorities in academic surgery: can the "Rooney Rule" be applied to academic surgery?
Butler, P. D., Longaker, M. T., & Britt, L. D. (2010). Addressing the paucity of underrepresented minorities in academic surgery: can the "Rooney Rule" be applied to academic surgery?. AMERICAN JOURNAL OF SURGERY, 199(2), 255-262.

Regenerative medicine: a surgeon's perspective
Longaker, M. T. (2010). Regenerative medicine: a surgeon's perspective. JOURNAL OF PEDIATRIC SURGERY, 45(1), 11-18.

Interaction of Wingless Protein (Wnt), Transforming Growth Factor-beta 1, and Hyaluronan Production in Fetal and Postnatal Fibroblasts
Carre, A. L., James, A. W., Macleod, L., Kong, W., Kawai, K., & Lorenz, H. P. (2010). Interaction of Wingless Protein (Wnt), Transforming Growth Factor-beta 1, and Hyaluronan Production in Fetal and Postnatal Fibroblasts. PLASTIC AND RECONSTRUCTIVE SURGERY, 125(1), 74-88.

Meta Analysis of the Effectiveness of Surgical Scalpel or Diathermy in Making Abdominal Skin Incisions.
Longaker, M. T., & Gurtner, G. C. (2010). Meta Analysis of the Effectiveness of Surgical Scalpel or Diathermy in Making Abdominal Skin Incisions. Annals of surgery.

Unique Modulation of Cadherin Expression Pattern during Posterior Frontal Cranial Suture Development and Closure
Sahar, D. E., Behr, B., Fong, K. D., Longaker, M. T., & Quarto, N. (2010). Unique Modulation of Cadherin Expression Pattern during Posterior Frontal Cranial Suture Development and Closure. CELLS TISSUES ORGANS, 191(5), 401-413.

Inhibition of Histone Deacetylase Activity in Reduced Oxygen Environment Enhances the Osteogenesis of Mouse Adipose-Derived Stromal Cells
Xu, Y., Hammerick, K. E., James, A. W., Carre, A. L., Leucht, P., & Longaker, M. T. (2009). Inhibition of Histone Deacetylase Activity in Reduced Oxygen Environment Enhances the Osteogenesis of Mouse Adipose-Derived Stromal Cells. TISSUE ENGINEERING PART A, 15(12), 3697-3707.

TGF-beta 1 RNA Interference in Mouse Primary Dura Cell Culture: Downstream Effects on TGF Receptors, FGF-2, and FGF-R1 mRNA Levels
Ko, S. H., Behr, B., & Longaker, M. T. (2009). TGF-beta 1 RNA Interference in Mouse Primary Dura Cell Culture: Downstream Effects on TGF Receptors, FGF-2, and FGF-R1 mRNA Levels. PLASTIC AND RECONSTRUCTIVE SURGERY, 124(5), 1474-1476.

Human skin wounds: A major and snowballing threat to public health and the economy
Sen, C. K., Gordillo, G. M., Roy, S., Kirsner, R., Lambert, L., & Longaker, M. T. (2009). Human skin wounds: A major and snowballing threat to public health and the economy. WOUND REPAIR AND REGENERATION, 17(6), 763-771.

Discussion. TGF-beta1 RNA interference in mouse primary dura cell culture: downstream effects on TGF receptors, FGF-2, and FGF-R1 mRNA levels.
Ko, S. H., Behr, B., & Longaker, M. T. (2009). Discussion. TGF-beta1 RNA interference in mouse primary dura cell culture: downstream effects on TGF receptors, FGF-2, and FGF-R1 mRNA levels. Plastic and reconstructive surgery, 124(5), 1474-1476.

From Bedside to Bench and Back Again: Technology Innovation in Plastic Surgery
Gurtner, G. C., Rohrich, R. J., & Longaker, M. T. (2009). From Bedside to Bench and Back Again: Technology Innovation in Plastic Surgery. PLASTIC AND RECONSTRUCTIVE SURGERY, 124(4), 1355-1356.

Estrogen/Estrogen Receptor Alpha Signaling in Mouse Posterofrontal Cranial Suture Fusion
James, A. W., Theologis, A. A., Brugmann, S. A., Xu, Y., Carre, A. L., & Longaker, M. T. (2009). Estrogen/Estrogen Receptor Alpha Signaling in Mouse Posterofrontal Cranial Suture Fusion. PLOS ONE, 4(9).

Feeder-free derivation of induced pluripotent stem cells from adult human adipose stem cells
Sun, N., Panetta, N. J., Gupta, D. M., Wilson, K. D., Lee, A., & Wu, J. C. (2009). Feeder-free derivation of induced pluripotent stem cells from adult human adipose stem cells. PROCEEDINGS OF THE NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, 106(37), 15720-15725.

Bone Tissue Engineering Scaffolds of Today and Tomorrow DISCUSSION
Panetta, N. J., Gupta, D. M., & Longaker, M. T. (2009). Bone Tissue Engineering Scaffolds of Today and Tomorrow DISCUSSION. JOURNAL OF CRANIOFACIAL SURGERY, 20(5), 1531-1532.

Tissue Harvest by Means of Suction-Assisted or Third-Generation Ultrasound-Assisted Lipoaspiration Has No Effect on Osteogenic Potential of Human Adipose-Derived Stromal Cells
Panetta, N. J., Gupta, D. M., Kwan, M. D., Wan, D. C., Commons, G. W., & Longaker, M. T. (2009). Tissue Harvest by Means of Suction-Assisted or Third-Generation Ultrasound-Assisted Lipoaspiration Has No Effect on Osteogenic Potential of Human Adipose-Derived Stromal Cells. PLASTIC AND RECONSTRUCTIVE SURGERY, 124(1), 65-73.

The Use of Polymer Scaffolds in Skeletal Tissue Engineering Applications
Gupta, D. M., Panetta, N. J., & Longaker, M. T. (2009). The Use of Polymer Scaffolds in Skeletal Tissue Engineering Applications. JOURNAL OF CRANIOFACIAL SURGERY, 20(3), 860-861.

Ethnic Diversity Remains Scarce in Academic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
Butler, P. D., Britt, L. D., & Longaker, M. T. (2009). Ethnic Diversity Remains Scarce in Academic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. PLASTIC AND RECONSTRUCTIVE SURGERY, 123(5), 1618-1627.

Untitled
Gupta, D. M., Panetta, N. J., & Longaker, M. T. (2009). Untitled. AESTHETIC SURGERY JOURNAL, 29(2), 147-149.

Craniofacial Autologous Fat Transfer
Wan, D. C., Lim, A. T., & Longaker, M. T. (2009). Craniofacial Autologous Fat Transfer. JOURNAL OF CRANIOFACIAL SURGERY, 20(2), 273-274.

Perspectives in Cell-Based Skeletal Tissue
Panetta, N. J., Gupta, D. M., & Longaker, M. T. (2009). Perspectives in Cell-Based Skeletal Tissue. JOURNAL OF CRANIOFACIAL SURGERY, 20(2), 347-348.

Cell Permeant Peptide Analogues of the Small Heat Shock Protein, HSP20, Reduce TGF-beta 1-Induced CTGF Expression in Keloid Fibroblasts
Lopes, L. B., Furnish, E. J., Komalavilas, P., Flynn, C. R., Ashby, P., & Brophy, C. M. (2009). Cell Permeant Peptide Analogues of the Small Heat Shock Protein, HSP20, Reduce TGF-beta 1-Induced CTGF Expression in Keloid Fibroblasts. JOURNAL OF INVESTIGATIVE DERMATOLOGY, 129(3), 590-598.

Mesenchymal cells for skeletal tissue engineering
Panetta, N. J., Gupta, D. M., Quarto, N., & Longaker, M. T. (2009). Mesenchymal cells for skeletal tissue engineering. PANMINERVA MEDICA, 51(1), 25-41.

Aging and Diabetes Impair the Neovascular Potential of Adipose-Derived Stromal Cells
El-Ftesi, S., Chang, E. I., Longaker, M. T., & Gurtner, G. C. (2009). Aging and Diabetes Impair the Neovascular Potential of Adipose-Derived Stromal Cells. PLASTIC AND RECONSTRUCTIVE SURGERY, 123(2), 475-485.

The Role of Regional Posterior Frontal Dura Mater in the Overlying Suture Morphology
Slater, B. J., Kwan, M. D., Gupta, D. M., Lee, J. K., & Longaker, M. T. (2009). The Role of Regional Posterior Frontal Dura Mater in the Overlying Suture Morphology. PLASTIC AND RECONSTRUCTIVE SURGERY, 123(2), 463-469.

Cranial Osteogenesis and Suture Morphology in Xenopus laevis: A Unique Model System for Studying Craniofacial Development
Slater, B. J., Liu, K. J., Kwan, M. D., Quarto, N., & Longaker, M. T. (2009). Cranial Osteogenesis and Suture Morphology in Xenopus laevis: A Unique Model System for Studying Craniofacial Development. PLOS ONE, 4(1).

Ex vivo Model of Cranial Suture Morphogenesis and Fate
Slater, B. J., Lenton, K. A., James, A., & Longaker, M. T. (2009). Ex vivo Model of Cranial Suture Morphogenesis and Fate. CELLS TISSUES ORGANS, 190(6), 336-346.

Differential FGF Ligands and FGF Receptors Expression Pattern in Frontal and Parietal Calvarial Bones
Quarto, N., Behr, B., Li, S., & Longaker, M. T. (2009). Differential FGF Ligands and FGF Receptors Expression Pattern in Frontal and Parietal Calvarial Bones. CELLS TISSUES ORGANS, 190(3), 158-169.

Topical Lineage-Negative Progenitor-Cell Therapy for Diabetic Wounds (Invited Discussion)
Gurtner, G. C., & Longaker, M. T. (2009). Topical Lineage-Negative Progenitor-Cell Therapy for Diabetic Wounds (Invited Discussion). PLASTIC AND RECONSTRUCTIVE SURGERY, 123(1), 421-423.

Re: Chen et al. Expression of Inducible Nitric Oxide Synthase and Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor in Ameloblastoma. J Craniofac Surg 2009;20;171-175 DISCUSSION
Slater, B. J., Kwan, M. D., & Longaker, M. T. (2009). Re: Chen et al. Expression of Inducible Nitric Oxide Synthase and Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor in Ameloblastoma. J Craniofac Surg 2009;20;171-175 DISCUSSION. JOURNAL OF CRANIOFACIAL SURGERY, 20(1), 176-177.

FETAL SKIN WOUND HEALING
Buchanan, E. P., Longaker, M. T., & Lorenz, H. P. (2009). FETAL SKIN WOUND HEALING. ADVANCES IN CLINICAL CHEMISTRY VOL 48, 48, 137-161.

5-Fluorouracil Treatment of Problematic Scars Discussion
Yang, G. P., & Longaker, M. T. (2009). 5-Fluorouracil Treatment of Problematic Scars Discussion. PLASTIC AND RECONSTRUCTIVE SURGERY, 123(1), 149-151.

IFATS Collection: Adipose Stromal Cells Adopt a Proangiogenic Phenotype Under the Influence of Hypoxia
Thangarajah, H., Vial, I. N., Chang, E., El-Ftesi, S., Januszyk, M., & Gurtner, G. C. (2009). IFATS Collection: Adipose Stromal Cells Adopt a Proangiogenic Phenotype Under the Influence of Hypoxia. STEM CELLS, 27(1), 266-274.

Differential Effects of TGF-beta 1 and TGF-beta 3 on Chondrogenesis in Posterofrontal Cranial Suture-Derived Mesenchymal Cells In Vitro
James, A. W., Xu, Y., Lee, J. K., Wang, R., & Longaker, M. T. (2009). Differential Effects of TGF-beta 1 and TGF-beta 3 on Chondrogenesis in Posterofrontal Cranial Suture-Derived Mesenchymal Cells In Vitro. PLASTIC AND RECONSTRUCTIVE SURGERY, 123(1), 31-43.

Where Do We Find the Best Evidence? Discussion
Butler, P. D., & Longaker, M. T. (2008). Where Do We Find the Best Evidence? Discussion. PLASTIC AND RECONSTRUCTIVE SURGERY, 122(6), 1950-1951.

Gene expression analysis of Dupuytren's disease: the role of TGF-beta2.
Zhang, A. Y., Fong, K. D., Pham, H., Nacamuli, R. P., Longaker, M. T., & Chang, J. (2008). Gene expression analysis of Dupuytren's disease: the role of TGF-beta2. The Journal of hand surgery, European volume, 33(6), 783-790.

Transforming Growth Factor-beta 1 Stimulates Chondrogenic Differentiation of Posterofrontal Suture-Derived Mesenchymal Cells In Vitro
Xu, Y., James, A. W., & Longaker, M. T. (2008). Transforming Growth Factor-beta 1 Stimulates Chondrogenic Differentiation of Posterofrontal Suture-Derived Mesenchymal Cells In Vitro. PLASTIC AND RECONSTRUCTIVE SURGERY, 122(6), 1649-1659.

GENE EXPRESSION ANALYSIS OF DUPUYTREN'S DISEASE: THE ROLE OF TGF-beta 2
Zhang, A. Y., Fong, K. D., Pham, H., Nacamuli, R. P., Longaker, M. T., & Chang, J. (2008). GENE EXPRESSION ANALYSIS OF DUPUYTREN'S DISEASE: THE ROLE OF TGF-beta 2. JOURNAL OF HAND SURGERY-EUROPEAN VOLUME, 33E(6), 783-790.

Differential expression of specific FGF ligands and receptor isoforms during osteogenic differentiation of mouse Adipose-derived Stem Cells (mASCs) recapitulates the in vivo osteogenic pattern
Quarto, N., & Longaker, M. T. (2008). Differential expression of specific FGF ligands and receptor isoforms during osteogenic differentiation of mouse Adipose-derived Stem Cells (mASCs) recapitulates the in vivo osteogenic pattern. GENE, 424(1-2), 130-140.

Plastic Surgery and the Society of University Surgeons: An Expanding Relationship
Longaker, M. T. (2008). Plastic Surgery and the Society of University Surgeons: An Expanding Relationship. PLASTIC AND RECONSTRUCTIVE SURGERY, 122(5), 1581-1582.

Major Deficit in the Number of Underrepresented Minority Academic Surgeons Persists
Butler, P. D., Longaker, M. T., & Britt, L. D. (2008). Major Deficit in the Number of Underrepresented Minority Academic Surgeons Persists. ANNALS OF SURGERY, 248(5), 704-711.

Optimization of Flexor Tendon Tissue Engineering With a Cyclic Strain Bioreactor
Riboh, J., Chong, A. Ks., Pham, H., Longaker, M., Jacobs, C., & Chang, J. (2008). Optimization of Flexor Tendon Tissue Engineering With a Cyclic Strain Bioreactor. JOURNAL OF HAND SURGERY-AMERICAN VOLUME, 33A(8), 1388-1396.

Global age-dependent differences in gene expression in response to calvarial injuryd
Wan, D. C., Kwan, M. D., Gupta, D. M., Wang, Z., Slater, B. J., & Longaker, M. T. (2008). Global age-dependent differences in gene expression in response to calvarial injuryd. JOURNAL OF CRANIOFACIAL SURGERY, 19(5), 1292-1301.

Presidential address: leadership, teamwork, and SUS brand extension
Longaker, M. T. (2008). Presidential address: leadership, teamwork, and SUS brand extension. SURGERY, 144(2), 109-118.

Hepatic injury and the kinetics of bone marrow-derived hepatocyte transgene expression
Perryman, S. V., Jenkins, D. D., Streetz, K. L., Longaker, M. T., & Sylvester, K. G. (2008). Hepatic injury and the kinetics of bone marrow-derived hepatocyte transgene expression. JOURNAL OF PEDIATRIC SURGERY, 43(8), 1511-1519.

Fluid shear stress magnitude, duration, and total applied load regulate gene expression and nitric oxide production in primary calvarial osteoblast cultures
Gonzalez, O., Fong, K. D., Trindade, M. Cd., Warren, S. M., Longaker, M. T., & Smith, R. L. (2008). Fluid shear stress magnitude, duration, and total applied load regulate gene expression and nitric oxide production in primary calvarial osteoblast cultures. PLASTIC AND RECONSTRUCTIVE SURGERY, 122(2), 419-428.

Microarray analysis of the role of regional dura mater in cranial suture fate
Kwan, M. D., Wan, D. C., Wang, Z., Gupta, D. M., Slater, B. J., & Longaker, M. T. (2008). Microarray analysis of the role of regional dura mater in cranial suture fate. PLASTIC AND RECONSTRUCTIVE SURGERY, 122(2), 389-399.

Regenerative medicine: The next frontier
Kwan, M. D., & Longaker, M. T. (2008). Regenerative medicine: The next frontier. TRANSPLANTATION, 86(2), 206-207.

Proliferation, osteogenic differentiation, and FGF-2 modulation of posterofrontal/sagittal suture-derived mesenchymal cells in vitro
James, A. W., Xu, Y., Wang, R., & Longaker, M. T. (2008). Proliferation, osteogenic differentiation, and FGF-2 modulation of posterofrontal/sagittal suture-derived mesenchymal cells in vitro. PLASTIC AND RECONSTRUCTIVE SURGERY, 122(1), 53-63.

Mesenchymal cells for skeletal tissue engineering
Slater, B. J., Kwan, M. D., Gupta, D. M., Panetta, N. J., & Longaker, M. (2008). Mesenchymal cells for skeletal tissue engineering. EXPERT OPINION ON BIOLOGICAL THERAPY, 8(7), 885-893.

Dissecting the influence of regional dura mater on cranial suture biology
Slater, B. J., Kwan, M. D., Gupta, D. M., Amasha, R. R., Wan, D. C., & Longaker, M. T. (2008). Dissecting the influence of regional dura mater on cranial suture biology. PLASTIC AND RECONSTRUCTIVE SURGERY, 122(1), 77-84.

Advances in science and technology: Impact on craniofacial surgery
Kwan, M. D., & Longaker, M. T. (2008). Advances in science and technology: Impact on craniofacial surgery. JOURNAL OF CRANIOFACIAL SURGERY, 19(4), 1136-1139.

Molecular mechanisms of FGF-2 inhibitory activity in the osteogenic context of mouse adipose-derived stem cells (mASCs)
Quarto, N., Wan, D. C., & Longaker, M. T. (2008). Molecular mechanisms of FGF-2 inhibitory activity in the osteogenic context of mouse adipose-derived stem cells (mASCs). BONE, 42(6), 1040-1052.

Wound repair and regeneration
Gurtner, G. C., Werner, S., Barrandon, Y., & Longaker, M. T. (2008). Wound repair and regeneration. NATURE, 453(7193), 314-321.

Tissue engineering in cleft palate and other congenital malformations
Panetta, N. J., Gupta, D. M., Slater, B. J., Kwan, M. D., Liu, K. J., & Longaker, M. T. (2008). Tissue engineering in cleft palate and other congenital malformations. PEDIATRIC RESEARCH, 63(5), 545-551.

Increased rate of hair regrowth in mice with constitutive overexpression of Del 1
Hsu, G. P., Mathy, J. A., Wang, Z., Xia, W., Sakamoto, G., & Yang, G. P. (2008). Increased rate of hair regrowth in mice with constitutive overexpression of Del 1. JOURNAL OF SURGICAL RESEARCH, 146(1), 73-80.

Hydrostatic pressure enhances chondrogenic differentiation of human bone marrow stromal cells in osteochondrogenic medium
Wagner, D. R., Lindsey, D. P., Li, K. W., Tummala, P., Chandran, S. E., & Beaupre, G. S. (2008). Hydrostatic pressure enhances chondrogenic differentiation of human bone marrow stromal cells in osteochondrogenic medium. ANNALS OF BIOMEDICAL ENGINEERING, 36(5), 813-820.

Silva et al: Repair of cranial bone defects with calcium phosphate ceramic implant or autogenous bone graft.
Amasha, R. R., Kwan, M. D., & Longaker, M. T. (2008). Silva et al: Repair of cranial bone defects with calcium phosphate ceramic implant or autogenous bone graft. journal of craniofacial surgery, 19(3), 675-677.

Blood-derived small Dot cells reduce scar in wound healing
Kong, W., Li, S., Longaker, M. T., & Lorenz, H. P. (2008). Blood-derived small Dot cells reduce scar in wound healing. EXPERIMENTAL CELL RESEARCH, 314(7), 1529-1539.

Cell-based therapies for skeletal regenerative medicine
Kwan, M. D., Slater, B. J., Wan, D. C., & Longaker, M. T. (2008). Cell-based therapies for skeletal regenerative medicine. HUMAN MOLECULAR GENETICS, 17, R93-R98.

Current progress in keloid research and treatment
Butler, P. D., Longaker, M. T., & Yang, G. P. (2008). Current progress in keloid research and treatment. JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN COLLEGE OF SURGEONS, 206(4), 731-741.

Cranial Sutures: A Brief Review
Slater, B. J., Lenton, K. A., Kwan, M. D., Gupta, D. M., Wan, D. C., & Longaker, M. T. (2008). Cranial Sutures: A Brief Review. PLASTIC AND RECONSTRUCTIVE SURGERY, 121(4), 170E-178E.

Use of organotypic coculture to study keloid biology
Butler, P. D., Ly, D. P., Longaker, M. T., & Yang, G. P. (2008). Use of organotypic coculture to study keloid biology. AMERICAN JOURNAL OF SURGERY, 195(2), 144-148.

Periosteal biaxial residual strains correlate with bone specific growth rates in chick embryos
Chen, J. C., Zhao, B., Longaker, M. T., Helms, J. A., & Carter, D. R. (2008). Periosteal biaxial residual strains correlate with bone specific growth rates in chick embryos. COMPUTER METHODS IN BIOMECHANICS AND BIOMEDICAL ENGINEERING, 11(5), 453-461.

Confocal laser scanning microscopic analysis of collagen scaffolding patterns in cranial sutures
Warren, S. M., Walder, B., Dec, W., Longaker, M. T., & Ting, K. (2008). Confocal laser scanning microscopic analysis of collagen scaffolding patterns in cranial sutures. JOURNAL OF CRANIOFACIAL SURGERY, 19(1), 198-203.

Applications of an athymic nude mouse model of nonhealing critical-sized calvarial defects
Gupta, D. M., Kwan, M. D., Slater, B. J., Wan, D. C., & Longaker, M. T. (2008). Applications of an athymic nude mouse model of nonhealing critical-sized calvarial defects. JOURNAL OF CRANIOFACIAL SURGERY, 19(1), 192-197.

Current treatment of craniosynostosis and future therapeutic directions.
Wan, D. C., Kwan, M. D., Lorenz, H. P., & Longaker, M. T. (2008). Current treatment of craniosynostosis and future therapeutic directions. Frontiers of oral biology, 12, 209-230.

Dura mater-derived FGF-2 mediates mitogenic signaling in calvarial osteoblasts
Li, S., Quarto, N., & Longaker, M. T. (2007). Dura mater-derived FGF-2 mediates mitogenic signaling in calvarial osteoblasts. AMERICAN JOURNAL OF PHYSIOLOGY-CELL PHYSIOLOGY, 293(6), C1834-C1842.

In vitro expansion of adipose-derived adult stromal cells in hypoxia enhances early chondrogenesis
Xu, Y., Malladi, P., Chiou, M., Bekerman, E., Giaccia, A. J., & Longaker, M. T. (2007). In vitro expansion of adipose-derived adult stromal cells in hypoxia enhances early chondrogenesis. TISSUE ENGINEERING, 13(12), 2981-2993.

Molecular and cellular characterization of mouse calvarial osteoblasts derived from neural crest and paraxial mesoderm
Xu, Y., Malladi, P., Zhou, D., & Longaker, M. T. (2007). Molecular and cellular characterization of mouse calvarial osteoblasts derived from neural crest and paraxial mesoderm. PLASTIC AND RECONSTRUCTIVE SURGERY, 120(7), 1783-1795.

Increased CCN2 transcription in keloid fibroblasts requires cooperativity between AP-1 and SMAD binding sites
Xia, W., Kong, W., Wang, Z., Phan, T.-T., Lim, I. J., & Yang, G. P. (2007). Increased CCN2 transcription in keloid fibroblasts requires cooperativity between AP-1 and SMAD binding sites. ANNALS OF SURGERY, 246(5), 886-895.

Mechanical load initiates hypertrophic scar formation through decreased cellular apoptosis
Aarabi, S., Bhatt, K. A., Shi, Y., Paterno, J., Chang, E. I., & Gurtner, G. C. (2007). Mechanical load initiates hypertrophic scar formation through decreased cellular apoptosis. FASEB JOURNAL, 21(12), 3250-3261.

Noggin suppression enhances in vitro osteogenesis and accelerates in vivo bone formation
Wan, D. C., Pomerantz, J. H., Brunet, L. J., Kim, J.-B., Chou, Y.-F., & Longaker, M. T. (2007). Noggin suppression enhances in vitro osteogenesis and accelerates in vivo bone formation. JOURNAL OF BIOLOGICAL CHEMISTRY, 282(36), 26450-26459.

Hypertrophic scar formation following burns and trauma: New approaches to treatment
Aarabi, S., Longaker, M. T., & Gurtner, G. C. (2007). Hypertrophic scar formation following burns and trauma: New approaches to treatment. PLOS MEDICINE, 4(9), 1464-1470.

Live imaging of Smad2/3 signaling in mouse skin wound healing
Chong, A. Ks., Satterwhite, T., Pham, H. M., Costa, M. A., Luo, J., & Chang, J. (2007). Live imaging of Smad2/3 signaling in mouse skin wound healing. WOUND REPAIR AND REGENERATION, 15(5), 762-766.

In vitro analysis of transforming growth factor-beta 1 inhibition in novel Transgenic SBE-luciferase mice
Satterwhite, T. S., Chong, A. K., Luo, J., Pham, H., Costa, M., & Chang, J. (2007). In vitro analysis of transforming growth factor-beta 1 inhibition in novel Transgenic SBE-luciferase mice. ANNALS OF PLASTIC SURGERY, 59(2), 207-213.

Analysis of the material properties of early chondrogenic differentiated adipose-derived stromal cells (ASC) using an in vitro three-dimensional micromass culture system
Xu, Y., Balooch, G., Chiou, M., Bekerman, E., Ritchie, R. O., & Longaker, M. T. (2007). Analysis of the material properties of early chondrogenic differentiated adipose-derived stromal cells (ASC) using an in vitro three-dimensional micromass culture system. BIOCHEMICAL AND BIOPHYSICAL RESEARCH COMMUNICATIONS, 359(2), 311-316.

Refining retinoic acid stimulation for osteogenic differentiation of murine adipose-derived adult stromal cells
Wan, D. C., Siedhoff, M. T., Kwan, M. D., Nacamuli, R. P., Wu, B. M., & Longaker, M. T. (2007). Refining retinoic acid stimulation for osteogenic differentiation of murine adipose-derived adult stromal cells. TISSUE ENGINEERING, 13(7), 1623-1631.

Accelerated bone repair after plasma laser corticotomies
Leucht, P., Lam, K., Kim, J.-B., Mackanos, M. A., Simanovskii, D. M., & Helms, J. A. (2007). Accelerated bone repair after plasma laser corticotomies. ANNALS OF SURGERY, 246(1), 140-150.

Hypoxia inducible factor-1 alpha deficiency affects chondrogenesis of adipose-derived adult stromal cells
Malladi, P., Xu, Y., Chiou, M., Giaccia, A. J., & Longaker, M. T. (2007). Hypoxia inducible factor-1 alpha deficiency affects chondrogenesis of adipose-derived adult stromal cells. TISSUE ENGINEERING, 13(6), 1159-1171.

Proposition 71 and CIRM - assessing the return on investment
Longaker, M. T., Baker, L. C., & Greely, H. T. (2007). Proposition 71 and CIRM - assessing the return on investment. NATURE BIOTECHNOLOGY, 25(5), 513-521.

Keratinocytes modulate fetal and postnatal fibroblast transforming growth factor-beta and Smad expression in co-culture
Colwell, A. S., Yun, R., Krummel, T. M., Longaker, M. T., & Lorenz, H. P. (2007). Keratinocytes modulate fetal and postnatal fibroblast transforming growth factor-beta and Smad expression in co-culture. PLASTIC AND RECONSTRUCTIVE SURGERY, 119(5), 1440-1445.

Chemical rescue of cleft palate and midline defects in conditional GSK-3 beta mice
Liu, K. J., Arron, J. R., Stankunas, K., Crabtree, G. R., & Longaker, M. T. (2007). Chemical rescue of cleft palate and midline defects in conditional GSK-3 beta mice. NATURE, 446(7131), 79-82.

Transforming growth factor-beta, smad, and collagen expression patterns in fetal and adult keratinocytes
Colwell, A. S., Faudoa, R., Krummel, T. M., Longaker, M. T., & Lorenz, H. P. (2007). Transforming growth factor-beta, smad, and collagen expression patterns in fetal and adult keratinocytes. PLASTIC AND RECONSTRUCTIVE SURGERY, 119(3), 852-857.

Re: Differential effects of FGFR2 mutation in ophthalniologic findings in Apert syndrome. Discussion
Kwan, M. D., Wan, D. C., Lorenz, H. P., & Longaker, M. T. (2007). Re: Differential effects of FGFR2 mutation in ophthalniologic findings in Apert syndrome. Discussion. JOURNAL OF CRANIOFACIAL SURGERY, 18(2), 459-460.

Isolation and characterization of posterofrontal/sagittal suture mesenchymal cells in vitro
Xu, Y., Malladi, P., Chiou, M., & Longaker, M. T. (2007). Isolation and characterization of posterofrontal/sagittal suture mesenchymal cells in vitro. PLASTIC AND RECONSTRUCTIVE SURGERY, 119(3), 819-829.

Progress and potential for regenerative medicine
Gurtner, G. C., Callaghan, M. J., & Longaker, M. T. (2007). Progress and potential for regenerative medicine. ANNUAL REVIEW OF MEDICINE, 58, 299-312.

Cyclophilin C-associated protein is up-regulated during wound healing
Kong, W., Li, S., Longaker, M. T., & Lorenz, H. P. (2007). Cyclophilin C-associated protein is up-regulated during wound healing. JOURNAL OF CELLULAR PHYSIOLOGY, 210(1), 153-160.

Epithelial-mesenchymal transition occurs after epidermal development in mouse skin
Kong, W., Li, S., Liu, C., Bari, A. S., Longaker, M. T., & Lorenz, H. P. (2006). Epithelial-mesenchymal transition occurs after epidermal development in mouse skin. EXPERIMENTAL CELL RESEARCH, 312(19), 3959-3968.

Mannose-6-phosphate, an inhibitor of transforming growth factor-beta, improves range of motion after flexor tendon repair.
Bates, S. J., Morrow, E., Zhang, A. Y., Pham, H., Longaker, M. T., & Chang, J. (2006). Mannose-6-phosphate, an inhibitor of transforming growth factor-beta, improves range of motion after flexor tendon repair. journal of bone and joint surgery. American volume, 88(11), 2465-2472.

Innovation in surgery - A historical perspective
Riskin, D. J., T Longaker, M., Gertner, M., & Krummel, T. M. (2006). Innovation in surgery - A historical perspective. ANNALS OF SURGERY, 244(5), 686-693.

The ethics of innovation in pediatric surgery.
Riskin, D. J., Longaker, M. T., & Krummel, T. M. (2006). The ethics of innovation in pediatric surgery. Seminars in pediatric surgery, 15(4), 319-323.

Early-gestation fetal scarless wounds have less lysyl oxidase expression
Colwell, A. S., Krummel, T. M., Longaker, M. T., & Lorenz, H. P. (2006). Early-gestation fetal scarless wounds have less lysyl oxidase expression. PLASTIC AND RECONSTRUCTIVE SURGERY, 118(5), 1125-1129.

Differential gene expression between juvenile and adult dura mater: A window into what genes play a role in the regeneration of membranous bone
Wan, D. C., Aalami, O. O., Wang, Z., Nacamuli, R. P., Lorget, F., & Longaker, M. T. (2006). Differential gene expression between juvenile and adult dura mater: A window into what genes play a role in the regeneration of membranous bone. PLASTIC AND RECONSTRUCTIVE SURGERY, 118(4), 851-861.

Novel techniques in hernia repair.
Antony, A. K., Herrera, F. A., Easter, D. W., Longaker, M. T., & Lorenz, H. P. (2006). Novel techniques in hernia repair. Current surgery, 63(5), 306-309.

Differential transcriptional responses of keloid and normal keratinocytes to serum stimulation
Xia, W., Phan, T.-T., Lim, I. J., Longaker, M. T., & Yang, G. P. (2006). Differential transcriptional responses of keloid and normal keratinocytes to serum stimulation. JOURNAL OF SURGICAL RESEARCH, 135(1), 156-163.

Osteogenic differentiation of mouse adipose-derived adult stromal cells requires retinoic acid and bone morphogenetic protein receptor type IB signaling
Wan, D. C., Shi, Y.-Y., Nacamuli, R. P., Quarto, N., Lyons, K. M., & Longaker, M. T. (2006). Osteogenic differentiation of mouse adipose-derived adult stromal cells requires retinoic acid and bone morphogenetic protein receptor type IB signaling. PROCEEDINGS OF THE NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, 103(33), 12335-12340.

Functions of vitamin D, retinoic acid, and dexamethasone in mouse adipose-derived mesenchymal cells
Malladi, P., Xu, Y., Yang, G. P., & Longaker, M. T. (2006). Functions of vitamin D, retinoic acid, and dexamethasone in mouse adipose-derived mesenchymal cells. TISSUE ENGINEERING, 12(7), 2031-2040.

Connective tissue growth factor-specific monoclonal antibody therapy inhibits pancreatic tumor growth and metastasis
Dornhoefer, N., Spong, S., Bennewith, K., Salim, A., Klaus, S., & Giaccia, A. (2006). Connective tissue growth factor-specific monoclonal antibody therapy inhibits pancreatic tumor growth and metastasis. CANCER RESEARCH, 66(11), 5816-5827.

Wnt-4 expression is increased in fibroblasts after TGF-beta 1 stimulation and during fetal and postnatal wound repair
Colwell, A. S., Krummel, T. M., Longaker, M. T., & Lorenz, H. P. (2006). Wnt-4 expression is increased in fibroblasts after TGF-beta 1 stimulation and during fetal and postnatal wound repair. PLASTIC AND RECONSTRUCTIVE SURGERY, 117(7), 2297-2301.

FGF-2 inhibits osteogenesis in mouse adipose tissue-derived stromal cells and sustains their proliferative and osteogenic potential state
Quarto, N., & Longaker, M. T. (2006). FGF-2 inhibits osteogenesis in mouse adipose tissue-derived stromal cells and sustains their proliferative and osteogenic potential state. TISSUE ENGINEERING, 12(6), 1405-1418.

Fetal and adult fibroblasts have similar TGF-beta-mediated, Smad-dependent signaling pathways
Colwell, A. S., Krummel, T. M., Longaker, M. T., & Lorenz, H. P. (2006). Fetal and adult fibroblasts have similar TGF-beta-mediated, Smad-dependent signaling pathways. PLASTIC AND RECONSTRUCTIVE SURGERY, 117(7), 2277-2283.

An in vivo mouse excisional wound model of scarless healing
Colwell, A. S., Krummel, T. M., Longaker, M. T., & Lorenz, H. P. (2006). An in vivo mouse excisional wound model of scarless healing. PLASTIC AND RECONSTRUCTIVE SURGERY, 117(7), 2292-2296.

Mitogenic and chondrogenic effects of fibroblast growth factor-2 in adipose-derived mesenchymal cells
Chiou, M., Xu, Y., & Longaker, M. T. (2006). Mitogenic and chondrogenic effects of fibroblast growth factor-2 in adipose-derived mesenchymal cells. BIOCHEMICAL AND BIOPHYSICAL RESEARCH COMMUNICATIONS, 343(2), 644-652.

Effect of reduced oxygen tension on chondrogenesis and osteogenesis in adipose-derived mesenchymal cells
Malladi, P., Xu, Y., Chiou, M., Giaccia, A. J., & Longaker, M. T. (2006). Effect of reduced oxygen tension on chondrogenesis and osteogenesis in adipose-derived mesenchymal cells. AMERICAN JOURNAL OF PHYSIOLOGY-CELL PHYSIOLOGY, 290(4), C1139-C1145.

Craniofacial bone tissue engineering.
Wan, D. C., Nacamuli, R. P., & Longaker, M. T. (2006). Craniofacial bone tissue engineering. Dental clinics of North America, 50(2), 175-?.

Absence of the p53 tumor suppressor gene promotes osteogenesis in mesenchymal stem cells
Tataria, M., Quarto, N., Longaker, M. T., & Sylvester, K. G. (2006). Absence of the p53 tumor suppressor gene promotes osteogenesis in mesenchymal stem cells. JOURNAL OF PEDIATRIC SURGERY, 41(4), 624-632.

Guided tissue regeneration enhances bone formation in a rat model of failed osteogenesis
Fang, T. D., Nacamuli, R. P., Song, H. Jm., Fong, K. D., Shi, Y. Y., & Longaker, M. T. (2006). Guided tissue regeneration enhances bone formation in a rat model of failed osteogenesis. PLASTIC AND RECONSTRUCTIVE SURGERY, 117(4), 1177-1185.

P38 MAP kinase mediates transforming growth factor-beta 2 transcription in human keloid fibroblasts
Xia, W., Longaker, M. T., & Yang, G. P. (2006). P38 MAP kinase mediates transforming growth factor-beta 2 transcription in human keloid fibroblasts. AMERICAN JOURNAL OF PHYSIOLOGY-REGULATORY INTEGRATIVE AND COMPARATIVE PHYSIOLOGY, 290(3), R501-R508.

The ISCFS: A body for clinical, educational, and research innovation
Longaker, M. T., & Wan, D. C. (2006). The ISCFS: A body for clinical, educational, and research innovation. JOURNAL OF CRANIOFACIAL SURGERY, 17(2), 215-216.

Relationships between tissue dilatation and differentiation in distraction osteogenesis
Morgan, E. F., Longaker, M. T., & Carter, D. R. (2006). Relationships between tissue dilatation and differentiation in distraction osteogenesis. MATRIX BIOLOGY, 25(2), 94-103.

Gene expression programs in response to hypoxia: Cell type specificity and prognostic significance in human cancers
Chi, J. T., Wang, Z., Nuyten, D. Sa., Rodriguez, E. H., Schaner, M. E., & Brown, P. O. (2006). Gene expression programs in response to hypoxia: Cell type specificity and prognostic significance in human cancers. PLOS MEDICINE, 3(3), 395-409.

Increased transcriptional response to mechanical strain in keloid fibroblasts due to increased focal adhesion complex formation
Wang, Z., Fong, K. D., Phan, T. T., Lim, I. J., Longaker, M. T., & Yang, G. P. (2006). Increased transcriptional response to mechanical strain in keloid fibroblasts due to increased focal adhesion complex formation. JOURNAL OF CELLULAR PHYSIOLOGY, 206(2), 510-517.

Expression of a novel gene, MafB, in Dupuytren's disease
Lee, L. C., Zhang, A. Y., Chong, A. K., Pham, H., Longaker, M. T., & Chang, J. (2006). Expression of a novel gene, MafB, in Dupuytren's disease. JOURNAL OF HAND SURGERY-AMERICAN VOLUME, 31A(2), 211-218.

Adipose-derived mesenchymal cells (AMCs): a promising future for skeletal tissue engineering.
Xu, Y., Malladi, P., Wagner, D. R., Tataria, M., Chiou, M., & Longaker, M. T. (2006). Adipose-derived mesenchymal cells (AMCs): a promising future for skeletal tissue engineering. Biotechnology & genetic engineering reviews, 23, 291-308.

Skin wounds in the MRL/MPJ mouse heal with scar
Colwell, A. S., Krummel, T. M., Kong, W., Longaker, M. T., & Lorenz, H. P. (2006). Skin wounds in the MRL/MPJ mouse heal with scar. WOUND REPAIR AND REGENERATION, 14(1), 81-90.

The osteogenic potential of adipose-derived mesenchymal cells is maintained with aging
Shi, Y. Y., Nacamuli, R. P., Salim, A., & Longaker, M. T. (2005). The osteogenic potential of adipose-derived mesenchymal cells is maintained with aging. PLASTIC AND RECONSTRUCTIVE SURGERY, 116(6), 1686-1696.

Age-dependent properties and quasi-static strain in the rat sagittal suture
Henderson, J. H., Chang, L. Y., Song, H. M., Longaker, M. T., & Carter, D. R. (2005). Age-dependent properties and quasi-static strain in the rat sagittal suture. JOURNAL OF BIOMECHANICS, 38(11), 2294-2301.

Bone induction in craniofacial defects.
Nacamuli, R. P., & Longaker, M. T. (2005). Bone induction in craniofacial defects. Orthodontics & craniofacial research, 8(4), 259-266.

Expression and possible mechanisms of regulation of BMP3 in rat cranial sutures
Nacamuli, R. P., Fong, K. D., Lenton, K. A., Song, H. M., Fang, T. D., & Longaker, M. T. (2005). Expression and possible mechanisms of regulation of BMP3 in rat cranial sutures. PLASTIC AND RECONSTRUCTIVE SURGERY, 116(5), 1353-1362.

Hypertrophic scar fibroblasts have increased connective tissue growth factor expression after transforming growth factor-beta stimulation
Colwell, A. S., Phan, T. T., Kong, W., Longaker, M. T., & Lorenz, P. H. (2005). Hypertrophic scar fibroblasts have increased connective tissue growth factor expression after transforming growth factor-beta stimulation. PLASTIC AND RECONSTRUCTIVE SURGERY, 116(5), 1387-1390.

Microarray analysis of mechanical shear effects on flexor tendon cells
Fong, K. D., Trindade, M. C., Wang, Z., Nacamuli, R. P., Pham, H., & Chang, J. (2005). Microarray analysis of mechanical shear effects on flexor tendon cells. PLASTIC AND RECONSTRUCTIVE SURGERY, 116(5), 1393-1404.

Gene profiling of cells expressing different FGF-2 forms
Quarto, N., Fong, K. D., & Longaker, M. T. (2005). Gene profiling of cells expressing different FGF-2 forms. GENE, 356, 49-68.

Adipose-derived mesenchymal cells as a potential cell source for skeletal regeneration
Xu, Y., Malladi, P., Wagner, D. R., & Longaker, M. T. (2005). Adipose-derived mesenchymal cells as a potential cell source for skeletal regeneration. CURRENT OPINION IN MOLECULAR THERAPEUTICS, 7(4), 300-305.

Angiogenesis is required for successful bone induction during distraction osteogenesis
Fang, T. D., Salim, A., Xia, W., Nacamuli, R. P., Guccione, S., & Longaker, M. T. (2005). Angiogenesis is required for successful bone induction during distraction osteogenesis. JOURNAL OF BONE AND MINERAL RESEARCH, 20(7), 1114-1124.

Age-dependent residual tensile strains are present in the dura mater of rats
Henderson, J. H., Nacamuli, R. P., Zhao, B., Longaker, M. T., & Carter, D. R. (2005). Age-dependent residual tensile strains are present in the dura mater of rats. JOURNAL OF THE ROYAL SOCIETY INTERFACE, 2(3), 159-167.

Differential transcriptional expression profiles of juvenile and adult calvarial bone
Aalami, O. O., Nacamuli, R. P., Salim, A., Fong, K. D., Lenton, K. A., & Longaker, M. T. (2005). Differential transcriptional expression profiles of juvenile and adult calvarial bone. PLASTIC AND RECONSTRUCTIVE SURGERY, 115(7), 1986-1994.

Mechanobiology of mandibular distraction osteogenesis: finite element analyses with a rat model
Loboa, E. G., Fang, T. D., Parker, D. W., Warren, S. M., Fong, K. D., & Carter, D. R. (2005). Mechanobiology of mandibular distraction osteogenesis: finite element analyses with a rat model. JOURNAL OF ORTHOPAEDIC RESEARCH, 23(3), 663-670.

Sox9 neural crest determinant gene controls patterning and closure of the posterior frontal cranial suture
Sahar, D. E., Longaker, M. T., & Quarto, N. (2005). Sox9 neural crest determinant gene controls patterning and closure of the posterior frontal cranial suture. DEVELOPMENTAL BIOLOGY, 280(2), 344-361.

FGF-2 acts through an ERK1/2 intracellular pathway to affect osteoblast differentiation
Spector, J. A., Mathy, J. A., Warren, S. M., Nacamuli, R. P., Song, H. M., & Longaker, M. T. (2005). FGF-2 acts through an ERK1/2 intracellular pathway to affect osteoblast differentiation. PLASTIC AND RECONSTRUCTIVE SURGERY, 115(3), 838-852.

Bone morphogenetic protein 2 and retinoic acid accelerate in vivo bone formation, osteoclast recruitment, and bone turnover
Cowan, C. M., Aalami, O. O., Shi, Y. Y., Chou, Y. F., Mari, C., & Longaker, M. T. (2005). Bone morphogenetic protein 2 and retinoic acid accelerate in vivo bone formation, osteoclast recruitment, and bone turnover. TISSUE ENGINEERING, 11(3-4), 645-658.

New developments in pediatric plastic surgery research
Nacamuli, R. P., Wan, D. C., Lenton, K. A., & Longaker, M. T. (2005). New developments in pediatric plastic surgery research. CLINICS IN PLASTIC SURGERY, 32(1), 123-?.

Cranial suture biology
Lenton, K. A., Nacamuli, R. P., Wan, D. C., Helms, J. A., & Longaker, M. T. (2005). Cranial suture biology. CURRENT TOPICS IN DEVELOPMENTAL BIOLOGY, VOL 66, 66, 287-?.

Increased angiogenesis and expression of vascular endothelial growth factor during scarless repair
Colwell, A. S., Beanes, S. R., Soo, C., Dang, C., Ting, K., & Lorenz, H. P. (2005). Increased angiogenesis and expression of vascular endothelial growth factor during scarless repair. PLASTIC AND RECONSTRUCTIVE SURGERY, 115(1), 204-212.

The zebrafish (Danio rerio): a model system for cranial suture Patterning
Quarto, N., & Longaker, M. T. (2005). The zebrafish (Danio rerio): a model system for cranial suture Patterning. CELLS TISSUES ORGANS, 181(2), 109-118.

Mammalian fetal organ regeneration
Colwell, A. S., Longaker, M. T., & Lorenz, H. P. (2005). Mammalian fetal organ regeneration. REGENERATIVE MEDICINE I: THEORIES, MODELS AND METHODS, 93, 83-100.

High-dose retinoic acid modulates rat calvarial osteoblast biology
Song, H. M., Nacamuli, R. P., Xia, W., Bari, A. S., Shi, Y. Y., & Longaker, M. T. (2005). High-dose retinoic acid modulates rat calvarial osteoblast biology. JOURNAL OF CELLULAR PHYSIOLOGY, 202(1), 255-262.

Cyclophilin C-associated protein is a mediator for fibronectin fragment-induced matrix metalloproteinase-13 expression
Kong, W. Y., Longaker, M. T., & Lorenz, H. P. (2004). Cyclophilin C-associated protein is a mediator for fibronectin fragment-induced matrix metalloproteinase-13 expression. JOURNAL OF BIOLOGICAL CHEMISTRY, 279(53), 55334-55340.

Quantitative transcriptional analysis of fusing and nonfusing cranial suture complexes in mice
Nacamuli, R. P., Song, H. Jm., Fang, T. D., Fong, K. D., Mathy, J. A., & Longaker, M. T. (2004). Quantitative transcriptional analysis of fusing and nonfusing cranial suture complexes in mice. PLASTIC AND RECONSTRUCTIVE SURGERY, 114(7), 1818-1825.

Transient changes in oxygen tension inhibit osteogenic differentiation and Runx2 expression in osteoblasts
Salim, A., Nacamuli, R. P., Morgan, E. F., Giaccia, A. J., & Longaker, M. T. (2004). Transient changes in oxygen tension inhibit osteogenic differentiation and Runx2 expression in osteoblasts. JOURNAL OF BIOLOGICAL CHEMISTRY, 279(38), 40007-40016.

Applications of a mouse model of calvarial healing: Differences in regenerative abilities of juveniles and adults
Aalami, O. O., Nacamuli, R. P., Lenton, K. A., Cowan, C. M., Fang, T. D., & Longaker, M. T. (2004). Applications of a mouse model of calvarial healing: Differences in regenerative abilities of juveniles and adults. PLASTIC AND RECONSTRUCTIVE SURGERY, 114(3), 713-720.

Complex epithelial-mesenchymal interactions modulate transforming growth factor-beta expression in keloid-derived cells
Xia, W., Phan, T. T., Lim, I. J., Longaker, M. T., & Yang, G. P. (2004). Complex epithelial-mesenchymal interactions modulate transforming growth factor-beta expression in keloid-derived cells. WOUND REPAIR AND REGENERATION, 12(5), 546-556.

Donor-derived, liver-specific protein expression after bone marrow transplantation
Jenkins, D. D., Streetz, K., Tataria, M., Sahar, D., Kurobe, M., & Sylvester, K. G. (2004). Donor-derived, liver-specific protein expression after bone marrow transplantation. TRANSPLANTATION, 78(4), 530-536.

Stem cell differentiation
Salim, A., Giaccia, A. J., & Longaker, M. T. (2004). Stem cell differentiation. NATURE BIOTECHNOLOGY, 22(7), 804-805.

Creation and characterization of a mouse model of mandibular distraction osteogenesis
Fang, T. D., Nacamuli, R. P., Song, H. M., Fong, K. D., Warren, S. M., & Longaker, M. T. (2004). Creation and characterization of a mouse model of mandibular distraction osteogenesis. BONE, 34(6), 1004-1012.

Apoptosis in a rodent model of cranial suture fusion: In situ imaging and gene expression analysis
Fong, K. D., Song, H. M., Nacamuli, R. P., Franc, B. L., Mari, C., & Longaker, M. T. (2004). Apoptosis in a rodent model of cranial suture fusion: In situ imaging and gene expression analysis. PLASTIC AND RECONSTRUCTIVE SURGERY, 113(7), 2037-2047.

Adipose-derived adult stromal cells heal critical-size mouse calvarial defects
Cowan, C. M., Shi, Y. Y., Aalami, O. O., Chou, Y. F., Mari, C., & Longaker, M. T. (2004). Adipose-derived adult stromal cells heal critical-size mouse calvarial defects. NATURE BIOTECHNOLOGY, 22(5), 560-567.

Highlights of the proceedings from the 10th International Congress of the International Society of Craniofacial Surgery.
Lorenz, H. P., & Longaker, M. T. (2004). Highlights of the proceedings from the 10th International Congress of the International Society of Craniofacial Surgery. journal of craniofacial surgery, 15(3), 533-537.

Mechanisms of murine cranial suture patency mediated by a dominant negative transforming growth factor-beta receptor adenovirus
Song, H. Jm., Fong, D., Nacamuli, R. P., Warren, S. M., Fang, T. D., & Longaker, M. T. (2004). Mechanisms of murine cranial suture patency mediated by a dominant negative transforming growth factor-beta receptor adenovirus. PLASTIC AND RECONSTRUCTIVE SURGERY, 113(6), 1685-1697.

In vitro murine posterior frontal suture fate is age-dependent: Implications for cranial suture biology
Song, H. Jm., Sahar, D. E., Fong, K. D., Nacamuli, R. P., Fang, T. D., & Longaker, M. T. (2004). In vitro murine posterior frontal suture fate is age-dependent: Implications for cranial suture biology. PLASTIC AND RECONSTRUCTIVE SURGERY, 113(4), 1192-1204.

Inhibition of TGF-beta-induced collagen production in rabbit flexor tendons.
Zhang, A. Y., Pham, H., Ho, F., Teng, K., Longaker, M. T., & Chang, J. (2004). Inhibition of TGF-beta-induced collagen production in rabbit flexor tendons. journal of hand surgery, 29(2), 230-235.

[The molecular biology of distraction osteogenesis].
Boulétreau, P., & Longaker, M. T. (2004). [The molecular biology of distraction osteogenesis]. Revue de stomatologie et de chirurgie maxillo-faciale, 105(1), 23-25.

Mechanobiology of mandibular distraction osteogenesis: experimental analyses with a rat model
Loboa, E. G., Fang, T. D., Warren, S. M., Lindsey, D. P., Fong, K. D., & Carter, D. R. (2004). Mechanobiology of mandibular distraction osteogenesis: experimental analyses with a rat model. BONE, 34(2), 336-343.

Flexor tendon wound healing in vitro: Lactate up-regulation of TGF-beta expression and functional activity
Yalamanchi, N., Klein, M. B., Pham, H. M., Longaker, M. T., & Chang, J. (2004). Flexor tendon wound healing in vitro: Lactate up-regulation of TGF-beta expression and functional activity. PLASTIC AND RECONSTRUCTIVE SURGERY, 113(2), 625-632.

Sutural bone deposition rate and strain magnitude during cranial development
Henderson, J. H., Longaker, M. T., & Carter, D. R. (2004). Sutural bone deposition rate and strain magnitude during cranial development. BONE, 34(2), 271-280.

Tissue-engineered bone using mesenchymal stem cells and a biodegradable scaffold
Warren, S. M., Nacamuli, R. K., Song, H. Jm., & Longaker, M. T. (2004). Tissue-engineered bone using mesenchymal stem cells and a biodegradable scaffold. JOURNAL OF CRANIOFACIAL SURGERY, 15(1), 34-37.

Stem cells - Review and update
Sylvester, K. G., & Longaker, M. T. (2004). Stem cells - Review and update. ARCHIVES OF SURGERY, 139(1), 93-99.

From scarless fetal wounds to keloids: Molecular studies in wound healing
Yang, G. P., Lim, I. J., Phan, T. T., Lorenz, H. P., & Longaker, M. T. (2003). From scarless fetal wounds to keloids: Molecular studies in wound healing. WOUND REPAIR AND REGENERATION, 11(6), 411-418.

Mechanical strain affects dura mater biological processes: Implications for immature calvarial healing
Fong, K. D., Warren, S. M., Loboa, E. G., Henderson, J. H., Fang, T. D., & Longaker, M. T. (2003). Mechanical strain affects dura mater biological processes: Implications for immature calvarial healing. PLASTIC AND RECONSTRUCTIVE SURGERY, 112(5), 1312-1327.

Markers of osteoblast differentiation in fusing and nonfusing cranial sutures
Nacamuli, R. P., Fong, K. D., Warren, S. M., Fang, T. D., Song, H. M., & Longaker, M. T. (2003). Markers of osteoblast differentiation in fusing and nonfusing cranial sutures. PLASTIC AND RECONSTRUCTIVE SURGERY, 112(5), 1328-1335.

Tissue engineering and regenerative medicine
Jenkins, D. D., Yang, G. P., Lorenz, H. P., Longaker, M. T., & Sylvester, K. G. (2003). Tissue engineering and regenerative medicine. CLINICS IN PLASTIC SURGERY, 30(4), 581-?.

Age-related changes in the biomolecular mechanisms of clvarial osteoblast biology affect fibroblast growth factor-2 signaling and osteogenesis
Cowan, C. M., Quarto, N., Warren, S. M., Salim, A., & Longaker, M. T. (2003). Age-related changes in the biomolecular mechanisms of clvarial osteoblast biology affect fibroblast growth factor-2 signaling and osteogenesis. JOURNAL OF BIOLOGICAL CHEMISTRY, 278(34), 32005-32013.

FGF-2 stimulation affects calvarial osteoblast biology: Quantitative analysis of nine genes important for cranial suture biology by real-time reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction
Mathy, J. A., Lenton, K., Nacamuli, R. P., Fong, K. D., Song, H. M., & Longaker, M. T. (2003). FGF-2 stimulation affects calvarial osteoblast biology: Quantitative analysis of nine genes important for cranial suture biology by real-time reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction. PLASTIC AND RECONSTRUCTIVE SURGERY, 112(2), 528-539.

The influence of temperature on the degradation rate of LactoSorb Copolymer. Pietrzak WS, Kumar M, Eppley BL. J Craniofac Surg 2003; 14:176-183.
Fong, K. D., Nacamuli, R. P., & Longaker, M. T. (2003). The influence of temperature on the degradation rate of LactoSorb Copolymer. Pietrzak WS, Kumar M, Eppley BL. J Craniofac Surg 2003; 14:176-183. journal of craniofacial surgery, 14(4), 594-595.

Porous polymethylmethacrylate as bone substitute in the craniofacial area. Bruens ML, Pieterman H, de Wijn JR, et al. J Craniofac Surg 2003; 14:63-68.
Lenton, K. A., Nacamuli, R. P., & Longaker, M. T. (2003). Porous polymethylmethacrylate as bone substitute in the craniofacial area. Bruens ML, Pieterman H, de Wijn JR, et al. J Craniofac Surg 2003; 14:63-68. journal of craniofacial surgery, 14(4), 596-598.

In utero surgery for cleft lip/palate: Minimizing the "ripple effect" of scarring
Lorenz, H. P., & Longaker, M. T. (2003). In utero surgery for cleft lip/palate: Minimizing the "ripple effect" of scarring. JOURNAL OF CRANIOFACIAL SURGERY, 14(4), 504-511.

Molecular cloning and expression of keratinocyte proline-rich protein, a novel squamous epithelial marker isolated during skin development
Kong, W. Y., Longaker, M. T., & Lorenz, H. P. (2003). Molecular cloning and expression of keratinocyte proline-rich protein, a novel squamous epithelial marker isolated during skin development. JOURNAL OF BIOLOGICAL CHEMISTRY, 278(25), 22781-22786.

New strategies for craniofacial repair and replacement: A brief review
Fong, K. D., Nacamuli, R. P., Song, H. Jm., Warren, S. M., Lorenz, H. P., & Longaker, M. T. (2003). New strategies for craniofacial repair and replacement: A brief review. JOURNAL OF CRANIOFACIAL SURGERY, 14(3), 333-339.

Regional dura mater differentially regulates osteoblast gene expression
Warren, S. M., Greenwald, J. A., Nacamuli, R. P., Fong, K. D., Song, H. Jm., & Longaker, M. T. (2003). Regional dura mater differentially regulates osteoblast gene expression. JOURNAL OF CRANIOFACIAL SURGERY, 14(3), 363-370.

Scientific foundations - Equibiaxial tensile strain affects calvarial osteoblast biology
Fong, K. D., Nacamuli, R. P., Loboa, E. G., Henderson, J. H., Fang, T. D., & Longaker, M. T. (2003). Scientific foundations - Equibiaxial tensile strain affects calvarial osteoblast biology. JOURNAL OF CRANIOFACIAL SURGERY, 14(3), 348-355.

The BMP antagonist noggin regulates cranial suture fusion
Warren, S. M., Brunet, L. J., Harland, R. M., Economides, A. N., & Longaker, M. T. (2003). The BMP antagonist noggin regulates cranial suture fusion. NATURE, 422(6932), 625-629.

Tools and techniques for craniofacial tissue engineering
Warren, S. M., Fong, K. D., Chen, C. M., Loboa, E. G., Cowan, C. M., & Longaker, M. T. (2003). Tools and techniques for craniofacial tissue engineering. TISSUE ENGINEERING, 9(2), 187-200.

In utero models of craniofacial surgery
Harling, T. R., Stelnicki, E. J., Hedrick, M. H., & Longaker, M. T. (2003). In utero models of craniofacial surgery. WORLD JOURNAL OF SURGERY, 27(1), 108-116.

Methods for investigating fetal tissue repair.
Peled, Z. M., Warren, S. M., Bouletreau, P. J., & Longaker, M. T. (2003). Methods for investigating fetal tissue repair. Methods in molecular medicine, 78, 149-159.

Matrix metalloproteinases and the ontogeny of scarless repair: The other side of the wound healing balance
Peled, Z. M., Phelps, E. D., Updike, D. L., Chang, J., Krummel, T. M., & Longaker, M. T. (2002). Matrix metalloproteinases and the ontogeny of scarless repair: The other side of the wound healing balance. PLASTIC AND RECONSTRUCTIVE SURGERY, 110(3), 801-811.

Adenovirus-mediated transmission of a dominant negative transforming growth factor-beta receptor inhibits in vitro mouse cranial suture fusion
Mehrara, B. J., Spector, J. A., Greenwald, J. A., Ueno, H., & Longaker, M. T. (2002). Adenovirus-mediated transmission of a dominant negative transforming growth factor-beta receptor inhibits in vitro mouse cranial suture fusion. PLASTIC AND RECONSTRUCTIVE SURGERY, 110(2), 506-514.

Flexor tendon healing in vitro: effects of TGF-beta on tendon cell collagen production.
Klein, M. B., Yalamanchi, N., Pham, H., Longaker, M. T., & Chang, J. (2002). Flexor tendon healing in vitro: effects of TGF-beta on tendon cell collagen production. journal of hand surgery, 27(4), 615-620.

Factors in the fracture microenvironment induce primary osteoblast angiogenic cytokine production
Bouletreau, P. J., Warren, S. M., Spector, J. A., Steinbrech, D. S., Mehrara, B. J., & Longaker, M. T. (2002). Factors in the fracture microenvironment induce primary osteoblast angiogenic cytokine production. PLASTIC AND RECONSTRUCTIVE SURGERY, 110(1), 139-148.

Re: Sequence analysis of fibroblast growth factor receptor 2 (FGFR2) in Japanese patients with craniosynostosis. Sakai et al. J Craniofac. Surg. 2001, 12: 580-585.
Warren, S. M., & Longaker, M. T. (2002). Re: Sequence analysis of fibroblast growth factor receptor 2 (FGFR2) in Japanese patients with craniosynostosis. Sakai et al. J Craniofac. Surg. 2001, 12: 580-585. journal of craniofacial surgery, 13(4), 597-599.

Hypoxia and VEGF up-regulate BMP-2 mRNA and protein expression in microvascular endothelial cells: Implications for fracture healing
Bouletreau, P. J., Warren, S. M., Spector, J. A., Peled, Z. M., Gerrets, R. P., & Longaker, M. T. (2002). Hypoxia and VEGF up-regulate BMP-2 mRNA and protein expression in microvascular endothelial cells: Implications for fracture healing. PLASTIC AND RECONSTRUCTIVE SURGERY, 109(7), 2384-2397.

Transport distraction osteogenesis: A new method to heal adult calvarial defects
Bouletreau, P. J., Warren, S. M., Paccione, M. F., Spector, J. A., McCarthy, J. G., & Longaker, M. T. (2002). Transport distraction osteogenesis: A new method to heal adult calvarial defects. PLASTIC AND RECONSTRUCTIVE SURGERY, 109(3), 1074-1084.

The molecular biology of distraction osteogenesis
Bouletreau, P. J., Warren, S. M., & Longaker, M. T. (2002). The molecular biology of distraction osteogenesis. JOURNAL OF CRANIO-MAXILLOFACIAL SURGERY, 30(1), 1-11.

Co-culture of osteoblasts, with immature dural cells causes an increased rate and degree of osteoblast differentiation
Spector, J. A., Greenwald, J. A., Warren, S. M., Bouletreau, P. J., Crisera, F. E., & Longaker, M. T. (2002). Co-culture of osteoblasts, with immature dural cells causes an increased rate and degree of osteoblast differentiation. PLASTIC AND RECONSTRUCTIVE SURGERY, 109(2), 631-642.

Dura mater biology: Autocrine and paracrine effects of fibroblast growth factor 2
Spector, J. A., Greenwald, J. A., Warren, S. M., Bouletreau, P. J., Detch, R. C., & Longaker, M. T. (2002). Dura mater biology: Autocrine and paracrine effects of fibroblast growth factor 2. PLASTIC AND RECONSTRUCTIVE SURGERY, 109(2), 645-654.

Overhealing, underhealing, and skin regeneration: a new perspective on wound healing.
Peled, Z. M., Galiano, R., Chin, G. S., Chang, J., Krummel, T. M., & Longaker, M. T. (2002). Overhealing, underhealing, and skin regeneration: a new perspective on wound healing. Asian journal of surgery , 25(1), 102-110.

The pathogenesis of craniosynostosis in the fetus
Warren, S. M., & Longaker, M. T. (2001). The pathogenesis of craniosynostosis in the fetus. YONSEI MEDICAL JOURNAL, 42(6), 646-659.

Gene expression of transforming growth factor beta isoforms in interposition nerve grafting
Karanas, Y. L., Bogdan, M. A., Lineaweaver, W. C., Hentz, V. R., Longaker, M. T., & Chang, J. (2001). Gene expression of transforming growth factor beta isoforms in interposition nerve grafting. JOURNAL OF HAND SURGERY-AMERICAN VOLUME, 26A(6), 1082-1087.

Fetal wound healing: Progress report and future directions
Longaker, N. T., Peled, Z. M., Chang, J., & Krummel, T. M. (2001). Fetal wound healing: Progress report and future directions. SURGERY, 130(5), 785-787.

The ontogeny of scarless healing II: EGF and PDGF-B gene expression in fetal rat skin and fibroblasts as a function of gestational age
Peled, Z. M., Rhee, S. J., HSU, M., Chang, J., Krummel, T. M., & Longaker, M. T. (2001). The ontogeny of scarless healing II: EGF and PDGF-B gene expression in fetal rat skin and fibroblasts as a function of gestational age. ANNALS OF PLASTIC SURGERY, 47(4), 417-424.

New directions in plastic surgery research
Warren, S. M., & Longaker, M. T. (2001). New directions in plastic surgery research. CLINICS IN PLASTIC SURGERY, 28(4), 719-?.

Differential expression of transforming growth factor-beta receptors in a rabbit zone II flexor tendon wound healing model
Ngo, M., Pham, H., Longaker, M. T., & Chang, J. (2001). Differential expression of transforming growth factor-beta receptors in a rabbit zone II flexor tendon wound healing model. PLASTIC AND RECONSTRUCTIVE SURGERY, 108(5), 1260-1267.

A mouse model of mandibular osteotomy healing
Paccione, M. F., Warren, S. M., Spector, J. A., Greenwald, J. A., Bouletreau, P. J., & Longaker, M. T. (2001). A mouse model of mandibular osteotomy healing. JOURNAL OF CRANIOFACIAL SURGERY, 12(5), 444-450.

Differential expression of transforming growth factor-beta receptors I and II and activation of Smad 3 in keloid fibroblasts
Chin, G. S., Liu, W., Peled, Z., Lee, T. Y., Steinbrech, D. S., & Longaker, M. T. (2001). Differential expression of transforming growth factor-beta receptors I and II and activation of Smad 3 in keloid fibroblasts. PLASTIC AND RECONSTRUCTIVE SURGERY, 108(2), 423-429.

Hypoxia regulates osteoblast gene expression
Warren, S. M., Steinbrech, D. S., Mehrara, B. J., Saadeh, P. B., Greenwald, J. A., & Longaker, M. T. (2001). Hypoxia regulates osteoblast gene expression. JOURNAL OF SURGICAL RESEARCH, 99(1), 147-155.

Role of TGF-beta signaling in the regulation of programmed cranial suture fusion
Longaker, M. T. (2001). Role of TGF-beta signaling in the regulation of programmed cranial suture fusion. JOURNAL OF CRANIOFACIAL SURGERY, 12(4), 389-390.

Distraction osteogenesis of the craniofacial skeleton
McCarthy, J. G., Stelnicki, E. J., Mehrara, B. J., & Longaker, M. T. (2001). Distraction osteogenesis of the craniofacial skeleton. PLASTIC AND RECONSTRUCTIVE SURGERY, 107(7), 1812-1827.

Ontogeny of expression of transforming growth factor-beta 1 (TGF-beta 1), TGF-beta 3, and TGF-beta receptors I and II in fetal rat fibroblasts and skin
HSU, M., Peled, Z. M., Chin, G. S., Liu, W., & Longaker, M. T. (2001). Ontogeny of expression of transforming growth factor-beta 1 (TGF-beta 1), TGF-beta 3, and TGF-beta receptors I and II in fetal rat fibroblasts and skin. PLASTIC AND RECONSTRUCTIVE SURGERY, 107(7), 1787-1794.

Discoidin domain receptors and their ligand, collagen, are temporally regulated in fetal rat fibroblasts in vitro
Chin, G. S., Lee, S., HSU, M., Liu, W., Kim, W. Jh., & Longaker, M. T. (2001). Discoidin domain receptors and their ligand, collagen, are temporally regulated in fetal rat fibroblasts in vitro. PLASTIC AND RECONSTRUCTIVE SURGERY, 107(3), 769-776.

Rat mandibular distraction osteogenesis: Latency, rate, and rhythm determine the adaptive response
Paccione, M. F., Mehrara, B. J., Warren, S. M., Greenwald, J. A., Spector, J. A., & Longaker, M. T. (2001). Rat mandibular distraction osteogenesis: Latency, rate, and rhythm determine the adaptive response. JOURNAL OF CRANIOFACIAL SURGERY, 12(2), 175-182.

Osteoblast gene expression is differentially regulated by TGF-beta isoforms
Fagenholz, P. J., Warren, S. M., Greenwald, J. A., Bouletreau, P. J., Spector, J. A., & Longaker, M. T. (2001). Osteoblast gene expression is differentially regulated by TGF-beta isoforms. JOURNAL OF CRANIOFACIAL SURGERY, 12(2), 183-190.

New developments in cranial suture research
Warren, S. M., Greenwald, J. A., Spector, J. A., Bouletreau, P., Mehrara, B. J., & Longaker, M. T. (2001). New developments in cranial suture research. PLASTIC AND RECONSTRUCTIVE SURGERY, 107(2), 523-540.

Rat mandibular distraction osteogenesis: Part III. Gradual distraction versus acute lengthening
Warren, S. M., Mehrara, B. J., Steinbrech, D. S., Paccione, M. F., Greenwald, J. A., & Longaker, M. T. (2001). Rat mandibular distraction osteogenesis: Part III. Gradual distraction versus acute lengthening. PLASTIC AND RECONSTRUCTIVE SURGERY, 107(2), 441-453.

In vivo modulation of FGF biological activity alters cranial suture fate
Greenwald, J. A., Mehrara, B. J., Spector, J. A., Warren, S. M., Fagenholz, P. J., & Longaker, M. T. (2001). In vivo modulation of FGF biological activity alters cranial suture fate. AMERICAN JOURNAL OF PATHOLOGY, 158(2), 441-?.

Expression of bone morphogenetic proteins during membranous bone healing
Spector, J. A., Luchs, J. S., Mehrara, B. J., Greenwald, J. A., Smith, L. P., & Longaker, M. T. (2001). Expression of bone morphogenetic proteins during membranous bone healing. PLASTIC AND RECONSTRUCTIVE SURGERY, 107(1), 124-134.

Understanding the molecular mechanisms governing distraction osteogenesis
Mehrara, B., Warren, S., Bouletreau, P., Paccione, M., & Longaker, M. (2001). Understanding the molecular mechanisms governing distraction osteogenesis. CRANIOFACIAL SURGERY 9, 97-100.

Immavure dura mater paracrine signaling increases osteoblast proliferation and differentiation
Fagenholz, P., Spector, J., Greenwald, J., Warren, S., Detch, R., & Longaker, M. (2001). Immavure dura mater paracrine signaling increases osteoblast proliferation and differentiation. CRANIOFACIAL SURGERY 9, 81-84.

The autocrine and paracrine effects of FGF-2 on dura mater: Implications for calvarial growth and re-ossification
Smith, L., Spector, J., Greenwald, J., Warren, S., Bouletreau, P., & Longaker, M. (2001). The autocrine and paracrine effects of FGF-2 on dura mater: Implications for calvarial growth and re-ossification. CRANIOFACIAL SURGERY 9, 121-124.

Regional dura mater determines fate of overlying cranial suture
Greenwald, J., Mehrara, B., Spector, J., Warren, S., Crisera, F., & Longaker, M. (2001). Regional dura mater determines fate of overlying cranial suture. CRANIOFACIAL SURGERY 9, 89-92.

Latency, rate, and rhythm determine the adaptive response in a rat model of mandibular distraction osteogenesis
Paccione, M., Warren, S., Mehrara, B., Bouletreau, P., & Longaker, M. (2001). Latency, rate, and rhythm determine the adaptive response in a rat model of mandibular distraction osteogenesis. CRANIOFACIAL SURGERY 9, 173-175.

Regional differentiation of cranial suture-associated dura mater in vivo and in vitro: Implications for suture fusion and patency
Greenwald, J. A., Mehrara, B. J., Spector, J. A., Warren, S. M., Crisera, F. E., & Longaker, M. T. (2000). Regional differentiation of cranial suture-associated dura mater in vivo and in vitro: Implications for suture fusion and patency. JOURNAL OF BONE AND MINERAL RESEARCH, 15(12), 2413-2430.

Gene expression of transforming growth factor-beta 3 and tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase type 1 during membranous bone healing in rats
Bouletreau, P. J., Steinbrech, D., Spector, J. A., Warren, S. M., Greenwald, J. A., & Longaker, M. T. (2000). Gene expression of transforming growth factor-beta 3 and tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase type 1 during membranous bone healing in rats. JOURNAL OF CRANIOFACIAL SURGERY, 11(6), 521-526.

The effects of ionizing radiation on osteoblast-like cells in vitro
Dudziak, M. E., Saadeh, P. B., Mehrara, B. J., Steinbrech, D. S., Greenwald, J. A., & Longaker, M. T. (2000). The effects of ionizing radiation on osteoblast-like cells in vitro. PLASTIC AND RECONSTRUCTIVE SURGERY, 106(5), 1049-1061.

A molecular analysis of the isolated rat posterior frontal and sagittal sutures: Differences in gene expression
Spector, J. A., Mehrara, B. J., Greenwald, J. A., Saadeh, P. B., Steinbrech, D. S., & Longaker, M. T. (2000). A molecular analysis of the isolated rat posterior frontal and sagittal sutures: Differences in gene expression. PLASTIC AND RECONSTRUCTIVE SURGERY, 106(4), 852-861.

Immature versus mature dura mater: II. Differential expression of genes important to calvarial reossification
Greenwald, J. A., Mehrara, B. J., Spector, J. A., Fagenholz, P. J., Saadeh, P. B., & Longaker, M. T. (2000). Immature versus mature dura mater: II. Differential expression of genes important to calvarial reossification. PLASTIC AND RECONSTRUCTIVE SURGERY, 106(3), 630-638.

Mechanisms of fibroblast growth factor-2 modulation of vascular endothelial growth factor expression by osteoblastic cells
Saadeh, P. B., Mehrara, B. J., Steinbrech, D. S., Spector, J. A., Greenwald, J. A., & Longaker, M. T. (2000). Mechanisms of fibroblast growth factor-2 modulation of vascular endothelial growth factor expression by osteoblastic cells. ENDOCRINOLOGY, 141(6), 2075-2083.

The impact of biomolecular medicine and tissue engineering on plastic surgery in the 21st century
Lorenz, H. P., Hedrick, M. H., Chang, J., Mehrara, B. J., & Longaker, M. T. (2000). The impact of biomolecular medicine and tissue engineering on plastic surgery in the 21st century. PLASTIC AND RECONSTRUCTIVE SURGERY, 105(7), 2467-2481.

Gene expression of TGF-beta, TGF-beta receptor, and extracellular matrix proteins during membranous bone healing in rats
Steinbrech, D. S., Mehrara, B. J., Rowe, N. M., Dudziak, M. E., Luchs, J. S., & Longaker, M. T. (2000). Gene expression of TGF-beta, TGF-beta receptor, and extracellular matrix proteins during membranous bone healing in rats. PLASTIC AND RECONSTRUCTIVE SURGERY, 105(6), 2028-2038.

"Pumping the regenerate": An evaluation of oscillating distraction osteogenesis in the rodent mandible
Greenwald, J. A., Luchs, J. S., Mehrara, B. J., Spector, J. A., Mackool, R. J., & Longaker, M. T. (2000). "Pumping the regenerate": An evaluation of oscillating distraction osteogenesis in the rodent mandible. ANNALS OF PLASTIC SURGERY, 44(5), 516-521.

Expression of adenovirally delivered gene products in healing osseous tissues
Spector, J. A., Mehrara, B. J., Luchs, J. S., Greenwald, J. A., Fagenholz, P. J., & Longaker, M. T. (2000). Expression of adenovirally delivered gene products in healing osseous tissues. ANNALS OF PLASTIC SURGERY, 44(5), 522-528.

Hypoxia increases insulinlike growth factor gene expression in rat osteoblasts
Steinbrech, D. S., Mehrara, B. J., Saadeh, P. B., Greenwald, J. A., Spector, J. A., & Longaker, M. T. (2000). Hypoxia increases insulinlike growth factor gene expression in rat osteoblasts. ANNALS OF PLASTIC SURGERY, 44(5), 529-534.

Biomolecular mechanisms of calvarial bone induction: Immature versus mature dura mater
Greenwald, J. A., Mehrara, B. J., Spector, J. A., Chin, G. S., Steinbrech, D. S., & Longaker, M. T. (2000). Biomolecular mechanisms of calvarial bone induction: Immature versus mature dura mater. PLASTIC AND RECONSTRUCTIVE SURGERY, 105(4), 1382-1392.

VEGF expression in an osteoblast-like cell line is regulated by a hypoxia response mechanism
Steinbrech, D. S., Mehrara, B. J., Saadeh, P. B., Greenwald, J. A., Spector, J. A., & Longaker, M. T. (2000). VEGF expression in an osteoblast-like cell line is regulated by a hypoxia response mechanism. AMERICAN JOURNAL OF PHYSIOLOGY-CELL PHYSIOLOGY, 278(4), C853-C860.

A rat model of gingivoperiosteoplasty
Mehrara, B. J., Saadeh, P. B., Steinbrech, D. S., Dudziak, M., Grayson, B. H., & Longaker, M. T. (2000). A rat model of gingivoperiosteoplasty. JOURNAL OF CRANIOFACIAL SURGERY, 11(1), 54-58.

Studies in flexor tendon wound healing: Neutralizing antibody to TGF-beta 1 increases postoperative range of motion
Chang, J., Thunder, R., Most, D., Longaker, M. T., & Lineaweaver, W. C. (2000). Studies in flexor tendon wound healing: Neutralizing antibody to TGF-beta 1 increases postoperative range of motion. PLASTIC AND RECONSTRUCTIVE SURGERY, 105(1), 148-155.

Transforming growth factor-beta 1 modulates the expression of vascular endothelial growth factor by osteoblasts
Saadeh, P. B., Mehrara, B. J., Steinbrech, D. S., Dudziak, M. E., Greenwald, J. A., & Longaker, M. T. (1999). Transforming growth factor-beta 1 modulates the expression of vascular endothelial growth factor by osteoblasts. AMERICAN JOURNAL OF PHYSIOLOGY-CELL PHYSIOLOGY, 277(4), C628-C637.

Hypoxia regulates VEGF expression and cellular proliferation by osteoblasts in vitro
Steinbrech, D. S., Mehrara, B. J., Saadeh, P. B., Chin, G., Dudziak, M. E., & Longaker, M. T. (1999). Hypoxia regulates VEGF expression and cellular proliferation by osteoblasts in vitro. PLASTIC AND RECONSTRUCTIVE SURGERY, 104(3), 738-747.

New developments in craniofacial surgery research
Mehrara, B. J., & Longaker, M. T. (1999). New developments in craniofacial surgery research. CLEFT PALATE-CRANIOFACIAL JOURNAL, 36(5), 377-387.

Regional differentiation of rat cranial suture-derived dural cells is dependent on association with fusing and patent cranial sutures
Mehrara, B. J., Greenwald, J., Chin, G. S., Dudziak, M., Sagrioglu, J., & Longaker, M. T. (1999). Regional differentiation of rat cranial suture-derived dural cells is dependent on association with fusing and patent cranial sutures. PLASTIC AND RECONSTRUCTIVE SURGERY, 104(4), 1003-1013.

Basic fibroblast growth factor and transforming growth factor beta-1 expression in the developing dura mater correlates with calvarial bone formation
Mehrara, B. J., Most, D., Chang, J., Bresnick, S., Turk, A., & Longaker, M. T. (1999). Basic fibroblast growth factor and transforming growth factor beta-1 expression in the developing dura mater correlates with calvarial bone formation. PLASTIC AND RECONSTRUCTIVE SURGERY, 104(2), 435-444.

Fetal wound repair: where do we go from here?
Stelnicki, E. J., Chin, G. S., Gittes, G. K., & Longaker, M. T. (1999). Fetal wound repair: where do we go from here?. Seminars in pediatric surgery, 8(3), 124-130.

Adenovirus-mediated gene therapy of osteoblasts in vitro and in vivo
Mehrara, B. J., Saadeh, P. B., Steinbrech, D. S., Dudziak, M., Spector, J. A., & Longaker, M. T. (1999). Adenovirus-mediated gene therapy of osteoblasts in vitro and in vivo. JOURNAL OF BONE AND MINERAL RESEARCH, 14(8), 1290-1301.

Fibroblast response to hypoxia: The relationship between angiogenesis and matrix regulation
Steinbrech, D. S., Longaker, M. T., Mehrara, B. J., Saadeh, P. B., Chin, G. S., & Gittes, G. K. (1999). Fibroblast response to hypoxia: The relationship between angiogenesis and matrix regulation. JOURNAL OF SURGICAL RESEARCH, 84(2), 127-133.

Human cartilage engineering: chondrocyte extraction, proliferation, and characterization for construct development.
Saadeh, P. B., Brent, B., Mehrara, B. J., Steinbrech, D. S., Ting, V., & Longaker, M. T. (1999). Human cartilage engineering: chondrocyte extraction, proliferation, and characterization for construct development. Annals of plastic surgery, 42(5), 509-513.

Expression of high-affinity receptors for TGF-beta during rat cranial suture fusion
Mehrara, B. J., Steinbrech, D. S., Saadeh, P. B., Gittes, G. K., & Longaker, M. T. (1999). Expression of high-affinity receptors for TGF-beta during rat cranial suture fusion. ANNALS OF PLASTIC SURGERY, 42(5), 502-508.

Chondrocyte extraction, proliferation, and characterization for construct development
Saadeh, P. B., Brent, B., Mehrara, B. J., Steinbrech, D. S., Ting, V., & Longaker, M. T. (1999). Chondrocyte extraction, proliferation, and characterization for construct development. ANNALS OF PLASTIC SURGERY, 42(5), 509-513.

Gene expression of insulin-like growth factors I and II in rat membranous osteotomy healing
Steinbrech, D. S., Mehrara, B. J., Rowe, N. M., Dudziak, M. E., Saadeh, P. B., & Longaker, M. T. (1999). Gene expression of insulin-like growth factors I and II in rat membranous osteotomy healing. ANNALS OF PLASTIC SURGERY, 42(5), 481-487.

Rat mandibular distraction osteogenesis: II. Molecular analysis of transforming growth factor beta-1 and osteocalcin gene expression
Mehrara, B. J., Rowe, N. M., Steinbrech, D. S., Dudziak, M. E., Saadeh, P. B., & Longaker, M. T. (1999). Rat mandibular distraction osteogenesis: II. Molecular analysis of transforming growth factor beta-1 and osteocalcin gene expression. PLASTIC AND RECONSTRUCTIVE SURGERY, 103(2), 536-547.

Proliferative hemangiomas: Analysis of cytokine gene expression and angiogenesis
Chang, J., Most, D., Bresnick, S., Mehrara, B., Steinbrech, D. S., & Turk, A. E. (1999). Proliferative hemangiomas: Analysis of cytokine gene expression and angiogenesis. PLASTIC AND RECONSTRUCTIVE SURGERY, 103(1), 1-9.

Rat mandibular distraction osteogenesis: Part I. Histologic and radiographic analysis
Rowe, N. M., Mehrara, B. J., Dudziak, M. E., Steinbreck, D. S., Mackool, R. J., & Longaker, M. T. (1998). Rat mandibular distraction osteogenesis: Part I. Histologic and radiographic analysis. PLASTIC AND RECONSTRUCTIVE SURGERY, 102(6), 2022-2032.

Molecular studies in flexor tendon wound healing: The role of basic fibroblast growth factor gene expression
Chang, J., Most, D., Thunder, R., Mehrara, B., Longaker, M. T., & Lineaweaver, W. C. (1998). Molecular studies in flexor tendon wound healing: The role of basic fibroblast growth factor gene expression. JOURNAL OF HAND SURGERY-AMERICAN VOLUME, 23A(6), 1052-1058.

Scarless healing - The fetal wound
Mackool, R. J., Gittes, G. K., & Longaker, M. T. (1998). Scarless healing - The fetal wound. CLINICS IN PLASTIC SURGERY, 25(3), 357-?.

Gene expression of transforming growth factor beta-1 in rabbit zone II flexor tendon wound healing: Evidence for dual mechanisms of repair
Chang, J., Most, D., Stelnicki, E., Siebert, J. W., Longaker, M. T., & Lineaweaver, W. C. (1997). Gene expression of transforming growth factor beta-1 in rabbit zone II flexor tendon wound healing: Evidence for dual mechanisms of repair. PLASTIC AND RECONSTRUCTIVE SURGERY, 100(4), 937-944.